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1 In 3 COVID-19 Survivors Suffers ‘Brain Disease,’ Study Finds – CBS Sacramento – Sacramento, California

Sacramento, California 2021-04-07 09:49:39 –

(CNN) — A Major studies published on Tuesday It suggests that 1 in 3 people infected with Covid-19 have long-term mental health or neurological symptoms.

Researchers found that 34% of coronavirus survivors were diagnosed with a neurological or psychological condition within 6 months of infection, according to a study published in the journal The Lancet Psychiatry.

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The most common diagnosis is anxiety, which is found in 17% of patients treated with Covid-19, followed by mood disorders in 14% of patients, CNN’s Ryan Prior writes. ..

Scientists will find this result clearing how healthcare systems should continue to support Covid-19 survivors.

“Our results show that brain and psychiatric disorders are more common after Covid-19 than after influenza and other respiratory infections, even when patients are consistent with other risk factors. “, Says Maxime Taquet, an academic clinical fellow in psychiatry at the university. Oxford, and co-author of the new report.

“We now need to see what happens over the next six months.”

Studies show that neurological effects are more severe in inpatients, but are still common in patients treated only in outpatients.

The study is the largest of its kind and involves electronic health records of more than 236,000 Covid-19 patients, primarily in the United States.

The findings provide an overview of the long-term burden that the virus puts on those attacked.

Other small studies have shown the same conclusions. A February study followed 381 patients treated with Covid-19 at a hospital in Rome, Italy, and found that 30% of patients experienced post-traumatic stress disorder after recovery. ..

Covid-19 as a “brain disease”

This was the largest study of its kind and included electronic health records of more than 236,000 Covid-19 patients, primarily in the United States. Researchers compared their records with people who experienced other respiratory tract infections during the same time frame.

They observed that patients with Covid-19 had a 44% increased risk of neurological and psychiatric disorders compared to those who recovered from the flu. And they were 16% more likely to experience those effects compared to people with other respiratory tract infections.

About 1 in 50 Covid-19 patients suffered from ischemic stroke, a blood clot that affects the brain.

However, Covid-19 did not necessarily increase the risk of a wide range of neurological disorders.

“Two important negative findings were associated with Parkinson’s syndrome and Guillain-Barré syndrome,” Take said. “Both of these conditions are neurological conditions that have been found to be associated with viral infections. After Covid-19, and after other respiratory tract infections we examined. , I didn’t find them more common. “

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According to Dr. Musa Sami, a clinical associate professor of psychiatry at the University of Nottingham, the study was partly important because of the sheer number of patient records that researchers could analyze.

“This is a powerful study in a large cohort showing the association between Covid-19 and psychiatric and neurological complications,” he said in a statement. “This is a very important topic, because I was quite astonished to see Covid-19 as a” brain disease. ” “

Sami, who is not involved in this study, emphasized the need to further investigate how Covid-19 affects the brain and nervous system. “Psychological stress, extended hospital stays, and the characteristics of the illness itself can contribute,” he said.

According to Masoud Hussein, a professor of neurology and cognitive science at Oxford University and co-author of the study, one clue: psychological symptoms are more common than severe neurological complications.

“Unlike what is seen with psychological complications, it is actually people with very serious illnesses who are at increased risk of developing neurological complications.

Results have also been pointed out in other small studies. 1 February study A follow-up of 381 patients treated with Covid-19 at a hospital in Rome, Italy, found that 30% of patients experienced post-traumatic stress disorder after recovery.

Journal December Study Neurology: Clinical practice Covid-19 has shown that even moderate cases can cause seizures and movement disorders.

Long-term burden on Covid-19’s healthcare system

According to Paul Harrison, a professor of psychiatry at Oxford University and lead author of the study, one of the limitations of Lancet psychiatry research is the use of “daily healthcare data” rather than research data.

This may mean that the diagnosis is missing, under-investigated, or incorrect.

And just being diagnosed may make a difference.

“Patients with Covid-1919 may receive a neurological and psychiatric diagnosis simply because they received more follow-up and more medical care than patients with respiratory tract infections. Maybe it’s likely, which may explain some of the differences we’ve seen in the rates, “Take said at a press conference.

But nonetheless, this study provides a comprehensive view of the long-term burden that a pandemic puts on those affected.

“Although the individual risk of most disorders is small, the size of the pandemic and many of these conditions are chronic, so population-wide impacts can have significant impacts on health and social care systems. “Harrison said. “As a result, healthcare systems need to provide resources to address expected needs in both primary and secondary healthcare services.”

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