Oklahoma City

A Century Later, US City Remembers Race Massacre – Oklahoma City, Oklahoma

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 2021-05-31 08:05:10 –

In 1921, a white mob destroyed the black community, killing 300 people and leaving 10,000 homeless.

To this day, this is an episode that many Americans are barely aware of in the country’s tragic history of racial violence, including police abuse of minorities and racial and economic illness. We are tackling today’s racism to combat the accusations of fairness and controversy. Critics aim to curb the voting rates of black and hispanic voters and limit their influence. A debate over the newly enacted voting restrictions, critics say.

Only three survived the destruction of the prosperous Tulsa community known as Black Wall Street, all over 100 years old. Racial attacks occurred 40 years before the often violent civil rights movement of the 1960s to secure the right to vote for black Americans, but the debate over access to voting continues today.

A new museum opens to record what happened when Mr. Biden arrived in a city with a population of 400,000 in the southwestern United States to commemorate the horrors of May 31-June 1, 1921. Will be But whether to pay compensation to the survivors and descendants of the remaining assault, and whether to pay that amount, and where there is no sign of suspected burial place for those killed in the slaughter. The question remains as to how to search.

One of the survivors, Viola Fletcher, 107, recently appeared in front of Congress on her first trip to Washington, telling her memories of hitting the neighborhood when she was a seven-year-old girl. , Filed a lawsuit seeking compensation.

File-This photo was provided by the University of Tulsa McFarlin Library Special Collection Division during the Tulsa Race Massacre in Tulsa, Oklahoma on June 1, 1921.

“On May 31, 2009, I slept in a Greenwood family home,” she said. “The neighborhood I fell asleep that night was not only wealth, but also culture and heritage. Rich in terms. My family had a beautiful house. We had great neighbors and friends to play with. I felt safe. I need children There was everything to say. I had a bright future. “

“Within a few hours,” Fletcher said, “it’s all gone.”

“On the night of the slaughter, I was awakened by my family,” she recalls. “My parents and five brothers were there. We were told we had to leave and that was the end. We will never forget the violence of the white mob when we left home. I still see a black man shot and a black body lying in the hospital “Street. I can still smell the smoke and see the fire. I can still see the black business being burned. I can still hear the plane flying overhead. I can hear the screams. “

Fletcher, her brother, 100-year-old Hughes “Uncle Red” Van Ellis, and a third survivor, Receiving Field Randall, 106, are the main indemnification proceedings filed last year against Tulsa, Tulsa County, State. I am a plaintiff. Of the Oklahoma and Tulsa Chamber of Commerce. They argue that the defendant is responsible for what happened during the genocide.

“I’ve lived a genocide every day,” Viola Fletcher told a parliamentary panel. “Our country may forget this history, but I can’t. I’m striped. I will not forget the other survivors, and I will not forget our descendants. “

A hundred years ago, Greenwood (the Black Tulsa district, which includes an area known as Black Wall Street) was burned down, and Tulsa police, who were virtually all white, took part in the attack, representing the white mob and providing weapons. The massacre was triggered by accusations of a 19-year-old black man assaulting a 17-year-old white girl in an elevator.

File-In this photo, two armed men from the special collection department of the McFarlin Library at the University of Tulsa ... File-In this photo, provided by the McFarlin Library at the University of Tulsa, two armed men oppose away from a burning building during the Tulsa race massacre in Tulsa, Oklahoma, on June 1, 1921. Walking in the direction.

Many reports at the time stated that as part of the Greenwood invasion, a white police officer with a badge set fire and shot and killed a black man.

But the 1921 violence was largely ignored for decades, if not forgotten. Tulsa Police Chief Chuck Jordan at the time stood in Greenwood in 2013 and apologized for the role of the department.

Jordan says, “We cannot apologize for the actions, negligence, or negligence of individual officers and their chief executive officers.” But today, as your chief executive officer, you can apologize to our police station. It is a pity and apology that the Talsa police station did not protect its citizens during the tragic days of 1921. “

However, the memorial of what happened 100 years ago is involved in the 2021 conflict.

The Tulsa Race Massacre 100th Anniversary Committee suddenly canceled the “Memory and Rise” concert “due to unforeseen circumstances”. Singer John Legend was scheduled to appear, and a keynote speech by voting activist Stacey Abrams was scheduled.

Oklahoma Governor Kevin Stitt was expelled from the 100th Anniversary Commission after signing a bill banning public school teachers from teaching “critical racial theory” that tells the history of slavery in the 17th century. ..

This week, Greenwood Rising, a new museum commemorating the 1921 massacre, opens, but some in Tulsa blame the committee and instead focus on the survivors and descendants of the attack. I am. With Mr. Biden’s visit, the city has resumed excavation of a mass grave where the victims of the slaughter are believed to be buried.

Watch: Biden visits Tulsa

The scope of compensation is of paramount importance in remembering the slaughter. Oklahoma Senator Kevin Matthews, who chairs the 100th Anniversary Committee, told reporters last week that surviving lawyers were initially $ 100,000 per person, 200 to the Commission’s agreed compensation fund. He said he was asking for a $ 10,000 donation. However, a survivor’s lawyer disputed his claim, but he later disliked his claim to demand $ 1 million per survivor and $ 50 million in the fund.

“There was never an unnegotiable demand for $ 50 million,” the lawyer said. “The indisputable problem was that the fund provided direct financial support to survivors and descendants, the fund was managed by the descendants and community members of Northern Tulsa, and the fund was kept in a black bank. “

GT Bynum, Mayor of Tulsa, said the city, in collaboration with Oklahoma and federal authorities, “participated in the activity and mourned the worst event in the city’s history, with various groups coming and public. I try to be comfortable in the place. To the town. “

“This is a classic example of wanting the best and preparing for the worst,” said Bynum, who resumed the search for mass graves from the slaughter.

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