AT Cleveland BridgeTraffic tailbacks across the Avon River in Bath are increasing. The Georgian building, reserved by a stone lodge with a Doric portico, was praised by the architectural sage Nikolaus Pebsner for its handsome Greek Revival style. But it was made for horses, not heavy trucks. Repairs will close the bridge for several months, causing greater congestion and more pollution in cities where air quality has already violated the limits of Europe.
Bath is an extreme example of the trade-offs faced by many countries. The UK has the oldest housing stock in Europe, with one-fifth of homes over 100 years old. The function of the period is highly valued and is often protected by law. But as efforts to reduce carbon emissions intensify, they are at odds with attempts to protect heritage.It’s a “subtle balance,” says Wellahobhaus in Bath. MP Liberal Democratic Party climate spokesman. “What is the public interest in tackling a climate emergency compared to protecting heritage assets?”
Two years ago, Bath was one of the first British cities to declare a “climate emergency” when it vowed to be carbon-neutral by 2030. Liberal driving Tesla with students. The local Extinction Rebellion branch marches on the cobbled streets of the city. A few years ago, the member was talked about after an illegal plunge in a Roman bath.
Nevertheless, Bath also wants to preserve its heritage and is legally required. With its pure white Roman ruins and the Georgian crescent moon that stretches throughout the Avon Gorge in honey and butter shades, the city is a World Heritage Site. UNESCO.. About 60% of it is further protected by the government as a protected area. Over 5,000 buildings in Bath (almost 10% of the total) are stated to have special architectural or historical interests, and it is a crime to change them without permission.
Many of the features that make Bath’s George dynasty buildings so elaborate make them leaky. A well-ventilated corridor does not get hot easily. A large sash window holds the checker. The fireplace sucks warm air. According to the charity Sustainable Energy Center, traditional buildings make up 30% of Bath’s housing stock, but make up 40% of the country’s carbon dioxide emissions. UK homes are rated for energy efficiency on a scale from A to G. The most traditional buildings in the city are F or G.
The council wants to modify them, but planning is an obstacle. People in listed buildings must seek permission even before adding a letterbox draft extractor. Advise the 87-year-old charity Bath Preservation Trust, which reviews plans from offices in Bath’s smartest address, Royal Crescent. Listed buildings may allow double glazing, but only if it is the narrowest (and most expensive) type. Wall insulation is difficult to get approval. According to local Greens Dominique Tristram, landlords who don’t pay for heating have little incentive to go through the planning process, and many tenants of historic bargains can afford to “just turn on the heating.”
Transportation is another area where climate and heritage clash. There is no space for bike lanes on the 17th century streets of Bath. Local councilor Joanna Wright has recently been expelled from her role as climate change officer in Bath after proposing to close the North Road leading to the university. She has been unable to set up an electric vehicle charging point on the street for two years. This is partly due to the “nightmare” of getting permission to dig up old pavement (electric infrastructure fraud is another brake). Tourists are having a hard time finding a bus stop without the Bath mark. Planning rules prohibit the council from signing it, Wright said.
Solar panels are allowed, but usually should not be visible in shaded roof valleys. Nor can the council allow the construction of wind turbines on the refreshing hills around Bath. UNESCO It protects not only the city but also its environment. The 23 protected perspectives leave little space to hide the turbine.
This all means that it will seem difficult to be carbon neutral by 2030. But the city is at least starting to compromise. In March, we launched the first “clean air zone” on the outskirts of London, requiring drivers to enter central Bath (but exempt from private cars). The trial has made it possible to rent 160 electric scooters. And local opinions seem to be shifting in favor of sustainability. “The debate has dramatically shifted to the consideration of climate emergencies,” says local Ms. Hobhouse. MP..Even the Bathing Preservation Trust As long as the solar panels aren’t noticeable, we’ve built peace with them.
In fact, the most restrictive rules, including listed buildings, are set nationwide. With Congress proclaiming a climate emergency, it’s time to discuss “what we are ready to consider as a country,” said Sarah Warren, Bath’s new climate director. I will. Mr. Tristram of the Greens argues that the requirement to use the original material for repairs needs to be replaced with the requirement to use sustainable materials. “We need regulations to improve efficiency, not regulations to make things look the same,” he says.
Occasionally a climate and heritage chime. In March, Bath Abbey, a Gothic church in the middle of the city, turned on a stylish new underfloor heating system. The technology is state-of-the-art. However, the source of heat is as traditional as it gets: hot spring water that spouts at a stable 40 ° C through a Roman drainage channel built almost 2000 years ago. ■■
This article was published in the UK section of the print version under the heading “Dirty pretty things”.
A historic bus struggle for both green and comfort
Source link A historic bus struggle for both green and comfort