Two amateur divers swimming along the Spanish coast have discovered a huge storehouse of 1,500-year-old gold coins, one of the largest records dating back to the Roman Empire.
Divers, brother-in-law Luis Lenspard and Cesar Jimeno Alcala gold Hidden while spending a vacation with your family in Xàbia, a Mediterranean town and tourist hotspot. The duo rented snorkeling equipment and went freediving to pick up trash and beautify the area, but on August 23, when Lenspard noticed a flickering coin at the bottom of Portixol Bay. They found something much richer. El País reported..
When he went to investigate, he discovered that the coin was “in a small hole like a bottleneck,” Lenspardo told El País in Spanish. After cleaning the coin, Lenspard noticed that it had an “ancient image like the face of Greece or Rome”. Intrigued, Lenspard and Jimeno Alcala returned, freediving into a hole with a Swiss Army knife and using their cork bottle opener to dig a total of eight coins.
Surprised by the discovery, Lenspard and Jimeno Alcala reported to the authorities the next day. “We took the eight coins we found and put them in a glass jar of seawater,” said Lenspard. Soon, a team of archaeologists from the University of Alicante, the Sorelbrasco Archaeological and Ethnographic Museum, and the Special Underwater Brigade of the Spanish Civil Guard gathered to work with the city council of Xàbia to unearth and investigate treasures.
With the help of archaeologists, they discovered that the hole had at least 53 piles of gold coins between 364 and 408 AD. Western Roman Empire It was declining. Each coin weighs about 0.1 ounces (4.5 grams).
The coins were so well preserved that archaeologists could easily read the inscriptions, Valentinianus I (3 coins), Valentinianus II (7 coins), Theodosius I (15 coins), Arcadius (15 coins). It was easy to identify the Roman emperor (17 coins). , Honorius (10 coins) and unidentified coins, According to a statement from the University of Alicante.. The storehouse also contained three nails. copper, And deterioration Lead The wreckage of what might have been a treasure chest of the sea that held wealth.
The vault is one of Europe’s largest collections of Roman gold coins, a professor of ancient history at the University of Alicante (UA), a researcher and team leader at the University of Archeology and Historical Heritage at UA. It’s navidal. In a statement, he said it helped to regain the buried treasure. Coins are also a treasure trove of information and could shed light on the final stages before the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, Molina Vidal said. (In 395 AD, the Roman Empire was divided into two parts: the Western Roman Empire, whose capital is Rome, and the Byzantine or Byzantine Empire, whose capital is Constantinople (modern Istanbul). Live science previously reported.. )
Perhaps these coins were deliberately hidden during the fierce power struggle that followed during the last stretch of the Western Roman Empire. in the meantime, Barbarian — German shrimp destroyer According to a statement, the Alans of Iran — came to Hispania, the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula, and came to power from the Romans in about 409.
“Gold coin sets are not common,” Molina Vidal told El País, Portitxol Bay, where ships departing from the Iberian region of Rome stopped before sailing to the Balearic Islands, including modern Mallorca and Ibiza, to Rome. He added that it was the place to go. .. Given that archaeologists have not found evidence of a nearby sunken ship, he said that someone could deliberately bury the treasure there and hide it from the barbarians, perhaps the Alans.
“This discovery speaks to the context of horror, the endless world, the world of the Roman Empire,” Molina Vidal said.
So far, coin research suggests that gold stores belonged to wealthy landowners. Because in the 4th and 5th centuries, “the city was declining and power was declining. Moved to a big Roman villa“To the countryside,” Molina Vidal told El País.
“Trade will be cut off and the sources of wealth will be agriculture and livestock,” he said. As the barbarians progressed, perhaps one of the landowners collected gold coins. Gold coins were not circulated as ordinary money, but were collected by the family as a sign of wealth and buried in the chest of the bay. “And he must have died because he didn’t come back to get them back,” Molina Vidal said.
After the coins have been thoroughly studied, they will be exhibited at the Brasco Archaeological and Ethnographic Museum in Xàbia. Meanwhile, the Valencia government has allocated $ 20,800 (€ 17,800) to underwater archaeological excavations in the area in case a treasure is buried nearby. Earlier, Portitxol Bay brought other discoveries such as anchors, amphora (ceramic vessels), ceramic and metal debris, and artifacts related to ancient voyages.
Originally published in Live Science.
Amateur freedivers find gold treasures dating back to the collapse of the Roman Empire
Source link Amateur freedivers find gold treasures dating back to the collapse of the Roman Empire