According to archaeologists, British cave dwellings have been identified as shelters for exiled Anglo-Saxon kings.
The Anchor Church Cave on the banks of the River Trent, in the remote countryside of central England, was long thought to be an 18th-century “fool.” This is a luxury building made just for decoration and joke.
However, new research has revealed that the cave house is genuine. The 1,200-year-old building was built in the turbulent life of Aardwolf, the king of Northumbria, who was chased from the throne to live as a hermit and later became a saint.
According to local legend, Eardwulf, or as it was later known, St. Hardulph, lived in a cave dwelling after being testified and exiled for a mysterious reason in 806 AD. The exiled king, “a cliff a short distance from Trent,” was buried in 830 AD, just five miles (8 km) from the cave.
Edmund Simmons, an archaeologist at the Royal Agricultural University in the United Kingdom and principal investigator of the project, is convinced that Aardwolf lived in a cave under enemy surveillance.
“Architectural similarities with Saxon buildings, and documented associations with Hardalph / Aardwolf, are convincing that these caves were built or expanded to accommodate the exiled kings. I will make a claim, “said Simons. Said in a statement..
Eardwulf lived and ruled in medieval England during times of persistent political instability. During the 7th, 8th, and 9th centuries, seven major kingdoms and more than 200 kings intrigued, killed, and fought each other in a fierce and constant battle for hegemony.
Eardwulf took the throne in 796 AD after killing his two immediate predecessors and ruled Northumbria for only 10 years before being ousted from power (perhaps according to some scholars). By his own son) Spend the rest of his year in exile in his rival, the Kingdom of Mercia.
According to Simmons, hiding in the cave with the rest of the disciples during all of this civil war was far from the most unusual idea Aardwolf had come up with.
“It was not uncommon for testimony-taking or retired royalty to live a religious life, gain holiness, and in some cases canonization during this period,” he said. “Diving in a cave as a hermit would have been one way this might have been achieved.”
Researchers revisit the original plan for the cave, including three rooms and an east-facing chapel, using detailed measurements, drone surveys, and careful study of architectural features that closely resemble other Saxon architecture. I built it. Despite being overlooked by historians until recently, the cave dwelling could be “the only intact domestic building that survived the Saxon era,” Simons said. The team has identified more than 20 other cave homes in the Midwest of England, dating back to the 5th century.
According to the team, the Anchor Church Cave was rebuilt in the 18th century, and British aristocrat Sir Robert Bardett “arranged it for him and his friends to dine in their cool and romantic cell.” Was written. To researchers. Badett added bricks and window frames to the cave and widened the opening to accommodate well-dressed women, the statement said.
Mark Horton, a professor of archeology at the Royal Agricultural University, who leads the excavations of the Vikings and Anglo-Saxons, remains in Lepton. Said in a statement, near the cave. “I am convinced that no other examples have yet been discovered to give Anglo-Saxon England a unique perspective.”
Researchers published their findings in the journal Minutes of the University of Bristol Speleology Association..
Originally published in Live Science.
Archaeologists have discovered the exiled Anglo-Saxon hermit king’s hideout
Source link Archaeologists have discovered the exiled Anglo-Saxon hermit king’s hideout