United Nations — Humanitarian workers — those who endanger their health and safety to bring food and shelter to women, children and families around the world — are under attack, the director of the International Red Cross told CBS News. Told.
“Humanitarian aid is used as a trump card for negotiations, and we see it materialize in many, many conflicts in all parts of the globe,” said Robert Mardini.
Data compiled for the project Funded by the US Government’s international aid agency USAID, the number of large-scale attacks on aid workers was the highest and the number of injured was the highest in the last two years.They are trying to do their job, including three staff members of Doctors Without Borders, who were killed last month in the war-torn Tigray region of Ethiopia.by
Maldini told the United Nations on Friday that nonprofits are under increasing pressure and that humanitarian operations are “binding civilians to ransom.”
President Joe Biden’s UN Ambassador to the United Nations Linda Thomas-Greenfield at the UN Security Council meeting on Friday on the dangers faced by humanitarian workers Told the diplomat: “A new and unpleasant tendency has emerged to deliberately target humanitarian workers.”
In the case of Ethiopia, the United Nations has accused it of using Eritrean soldiers who were supporting the Ethiopian government in a recent conflict with the Tigrinya army in the region. Ethiopia continued to attack.. The government accused aid workers of “playing a destructive role” and threatened to cross them and quit their jobs.war. But last week
At the Security Council MeetingAmina Mohammed, Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, warned of “a wave of relentless attacks on humanitarian workers” as diplomats cited attacks on such workers in more than a dozen countries.
“In the Tigray region of Ethiopia, which is on the verge of artificial famine, parties to the conflict are blocking aid, destroying private infrastructure and targeting aid workers,” said British ambassador Barbara Woodward. Ward told fellow diplomats on Friday.
Mardini told CBS News that some aid has been incorporated into Tigray, but not enough to meet their needs. He said the ICRC hopes to expand its activities in the region, along with other organizations, including the United Nations’ own World Food Program.
Alex de Waal, Executive Director of the World Peace Foundation at Tufts University’s Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, told CBS News:
Below are what he believes should be done to increase the provision of aid around the world, and with EthiopiaFollowing the assassination of the president of the country:
Robert Mardini, Director of the International Committee of the Red Cross: What is most needed today, and the very shortage of supply, is political leadership to end the decades-long conflict. As humanitarians, we are always doing our best to help, but what we see is that this gap is widening among humanitarian needs around the world. Education, and now in many places, is being challenged with the additional deadly threat of COVID-19, and the consequences of climate change, water scarcity and extreme weather also add additional stress to their lives and lives. ..
Pamela Fork on CBS News: If I understand you correctly … Are you looking at humanitarian aid as a goal?
Maldini: It is becoming more and more politicized because there is no political solution to the conflict. Humanitarian aid is used as a bargaining trump card, which has been embodied in many conflicts in all parts of the globe, and even more. COVID-19 (new coronavirus infection.
fork: Ethiopia accuses aid groups of “arming” Tigray fighters. And when I see the aid convoy coming in, it seems a bit of a desperate blame, but I haven’t heard that the situation is getting any better. Please tell me what is happening.
Maldini: It’s tough. The situation at the scene is very disastrous for those who have faced violent evacuation over the past month. Our team is on-site and working. The people of Tigray have shown extraordinary resilience and solidarity, but today they are reaching their limits. Commercial activity has been suspended for the next two weeks, which is of course very difficult for people. And to explain the situation, Tigray is where the vast majority of hospitals today aren’t operating as expected. There is no electricity. There is no water supply. Some hospitals are powered by generators. Fuel is not available in sufficient quantities and the basics are missing from the market. People have lost their income-generating activities. Therefore, the situation is very difficult. I have acute malnutrition.
fork: Now do you think you are allowed as much help as you can provide?
Maldini: The question is “not allowed”, the question is: Have you reached? [people] At speed, do we need? And this is the problem. As an ICRC, there is no explicit refusal or red light from any side. That said, the challenge is all logistical obstacles from point A to point B, from food, pharmaceutical and water treatment chemical suppliers to where it is needed to make a difference. .. It’s our challenge and we need to make this process as fast as possible.
fork: Looking at Haiti … the situation since and before the assassination was terrible. And there is a real feeling that a lot of aid (all dollars after the earthquake) hasn’t reached people. What are you looking at in Haiti?
Maldini: We are very concerned about the situation in Haiti. Haiti people are very worried about the current dynamics and unpredictability of security, not to mention major service interruptions. We are supporting the Haiti Red Cross and several hospitals in Port-au-Prince, but the situation is dire and unfortunately worsening, so we need to consider increasing support as we move forward.
fork: What do you need to do all over the world? And many write to us saying that they care, want, and want to change so that they can live with peace of mind and that they can eat. What do you think you need to do?
Maldini: The humanitarian space, which was the subject of discussions at the Security Council, is under great pressure almost everywhere the ICRC is active. In many places, due to the politicization of humanitarian aid, due to erosion to respect the basic rules of war, unfortunately it is shrinking.
As the United Nations warned about “a wave of relentless attacks on humanitarian workers,” the United States explodes “unpleasant tendencies.”
Source link As the United Nations warned about “a wave of relentless attacks on humanitarian workers,” the United States explodes “unpleasant tendencies.”