Wildlife authorities plan to kill or return more than 10,000 people Wild horse In Australia as part of a new plan to limit the number of species. But scientists have criticized the proposal that it is not well advanced.
According to a 2019 aerial survey, Australia has more than 25,000 wild or wild horses. Australian Alps National Park.. Most of these horses, also known locally as Brumbies, live in the alpine regions of Australia at the intersection of three states: New South Wales (NSW), Victoria and the Australian Capital Territory.
Australia’s alpine environment covers only 1% of the continent and has many endemic and threatened species not found anywhere else, said David Watson, an ecologist at Charles Sturt University in Australia. Nature.. Horse Invasive species In Australia, it breeds rapidly and causes extensive ecosystem damage in the area.
One of the most threatened areas is Kosciuszko National Park in New South Wales, home to more than 14,000 wild horses.new Proposed planReleased on October 1st by the New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service, it aims to reduce the number of wild horses in Kosciuszko National Park to 3,000. The thinned population will be included in 32% of the park. Authorities say the plan will protect the area while preserving the “heritage value” of Brumbies. This is a controversial concept introduced by the 2018 state law that identifies Brumbies as culturally important to the park, despite being introduced to the region by European settlers.
However, Open letter Sixty-nine scientists from the Australian Academy of Sciences, released on October 29, claim that the draft plan has too many brumbies left to adequately protect the park from its effects. Scientists say officials are succumbing to the will of Probranby lobbyists and ignoring scientific evidence.
President John Shine of the Australian Academy of Science needs to “listen to science, the latest evidence and recommendations on the best ways to protect the park from serious damage from wild horses.” Said in a statement.. “Otherwise, we would ignore the endangered Australian ecosystem and species of endangered and threatened wild horses.”
In the letter, scientists urged the National Parks and Wildlife Service to reduce the number of brumbies to “well below” the proposed 3,000 and protect the entire park from animals.
The New South Wales government “couldn’t choose a worse place” to allow wild horses to roam, Watson told Nature. In the alpine regions of Australia, chunky galaxia fish (Galaxias stantangala), Alpine trees Frog (((Litoria verreauxii alpina) And a rat with wide teeth ()Mastacomys fuscus), Nature reported. Due to the lack of indigenous ungulate mammals in Australia, brumbies also cause a lot of damage to delicate vegetation that has not evolved to withstand them. Their population growth has also led to severe overgrazing.
“These areas are fragile and cannot be enlarged. Herbivore Don Driscol, an ecologist at Deakin University in Australia, told Nature.
The other two alpine states have a much stronger stance against wild horses. The Australian Capital Territory, adjacent to Kosciuszko National Park, has adopted a zero-tolerance approach to wild horses to “eliminate” cross-border spilled horses. Victoria also announced on November 1 its own management plan aimed at completely “removing” all wild horses from the state’s most endangered alpine habitat. ABC News in Australia..
The preferred way to get brumbies out of wild habitat is to bring them home on private land. However, this is time consuming and costly, and according to Nature, only about 1,000 blancby have been successful in returning home in New South Wales since 2002. If that approach fails, authorities plan to weed out horses by aerial shooting, where trained professionals shoot horses from helicopters.
In an open letter, scientists pointed out a new study published in the journal on September 17th. Biological protection We found that 71% of Australians surveyed agreed that it was acceptable to weed out animals to protect endangered species.
The Australian Brumby problem is similar to the problem of overpopulation Mustang According to the US national park New York Times.. However, current legislation prohibits Mustang culling, which requires conservationists to rely on sterilization and reforming.
Originally published in Live Science.
Australia plans to dispose of more than 10,000 wild horses, but scientists say that’s not enough
Source link Australia plans to dispose of more than 10,000 wild horses, but scientists say that’s not enough