As many people believe excessive fat and its aesthetic implications arethe only problem of obesityon the human body but it is not as some of the other associated serious health issues, like diabetes, hypertension, arthritis and cardiovascular diseases, among others can also cause due to this. For a long time the Western rich was being an exclusive place for this disorder but now in the developing countries like India as well obesity is emerging as a serious health concern. Obesity being one of the trap of lifestyle disorders a large part of the Indian population is falling into it with rapidly changing lifestyles, improper dietary habits and absence of physical activity in our lives. Over the past decade urban areas like Pune where rising incomes have increased particularly is increasing with the incidence of obesity. Obesity has also been found to reduce the life span of an individual by 13-20 years apart from affecting the quality of an individual’s life. It lost wages due to obesity related illness and costs the nation millions of rupees in medical expenses. Either to burn the excess body fat by exercise and work out or to restrict calorie intake by diet are the two options of scientific basis to lose weight. For this the available options are:
- Diet and exercise:More than 90% of people fail to maintain the lost weight in long term and become obese againas one can reduce the weight only for a short term. A hunger hormone called Ghrelin produced from stomach increases hunger which in turn causes obesity. People cannot perform any effective exercise who weight more than 100 kg.
- Medicines:In order to burn the excess fat in the body or to reduce hunger there is no effective medication till date.
- Liposuction:To contour the body, accumulated fat from thigh, tummy etc gets removed with the help of this surgery and it has no health benefits. After sometime, the fat will again get accumulated.
Being practiced all over the world for more than five decades bariatric (weight loss) surgery is a scientifically proven and well established method of weight reduction in addition to the above. People who are morbidly obesehas to undergo weight loss surgery which is the only permanent treatment. The average cost of bariatric surgery in Bangalore is ₹3,35,000.
Types of bariatric surgery
Under general anaesthesia all types of bariatric surgeries are done. A short stay in hospital is required for these minimally invasive surgeries, resumption of routine activities is also possible earlier and recovery after surgery is faster. There is usually shorter hospital stay, no post-operative ICU stay or bed rest and less loss of blood and damage to tissues since such procedures are as the name implies, minimally invasive.
A feeling of fullness is provided for a longer time and the amount of food consumed at one time reduces due to a soft band placed at the upper part of the stomach. Hence, weight is lost.
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy
The stomach is made to look like a tube after removing about two-thirds of the stomach laparoscopically. Ghrelin hormone gets removed from the stomach.
In order to alter the digestion process and consume and absorb less food a part of small intestine is bypassed and the size of the stomach is reduced.