Biden aims to strengthen the US alliance in Europe, but faces challenges

Washington — It’s not too difficult to become an American leader visiting Europe for the first time after President Donald J. Trump.

But as President Biden departs Wednesday, especially in the face of the US’s destructive Russia and rising China, as he seeks to break out of the coronavirus pandemic and rebuild and rally the shaken Western alliance. You will face your own challenges.

Biden arrives for a series of summits backed by a successful vaccination program and a recovering economy, claiming that the United States is ready to return and lead the West again next week. Democracy And between dictatorships.

The agenda includes meetings with leaders from seven countries in the United Kingdom, followed by visits to NATO and the European Union. On Biden’s last day, in Geneva, he will hold his first presidential meeting with Russian President Vladimir V. Putin.

Biden’s comprehensive mission has been for four years, when Trump burned his long-standing relationship with his close allies, threatened to withdraw from NATO, hugged Putin and other dictators, and praised their strength. To bring diplomatic peace that escapes such gatherings

But Biden simply brings good intentions to Trump’s endurance, America’s credibility, and protracted doubts about the costs Europe will pay by not being Trump’s treatise. Is Mr. Biden, 78, the last gasping of old-fashioned international diplomatic policy? Will Europe bear the costs of what appears to be an increasingly new cold war with Russia? China’s containment policy Are you asked to sign up? And will Mr. Biden solve the climate problem?

These disagreements over trade, new restrictions on investment in China and purchases from China, and his constant stance on the natural gas pipeline from Russia directly to Europe without going through Ukraine. Questions will arise.

Meanwhile, Mr Biden will be more vigilant against the United States since 1945 and will face European leaders wondering where the United States is heading.

“They have seen the status quo of the Republican Party,” said Barry Pavel, director of the Scowcroft Strategy and Security Center at the Atlantic Council. “They saw January 6th. They know that the next president could be born in 2024.”

White House officials say stable US diplomacy is back after January 2025, but of course they can’t provide any guarantees after January 2025. It’s hard to weaken.

A few days before Mr. Biden’s departure, a Republican in Congress Refused to create a bipartisan committee To investigate the riots of the Capitol.Republican lawmakers accept Mr. Trump’s false allegations The 2020 election was stolen. Democrats are shaking In their efforts to pass a comprehensive bill to counter Republican attacks on voting rights at the state level.

Meanwhile, Mr. Trump continues to imply a return to politics for the first time in four years.

“I’m worried about American politics,” said Ian Lesser, vice president of the American Marshall Foundation. “Simply put, what happens in the midterm elections? Is Trumpism more durable than Mr. Trump? What’s next in American politics?”

If the future of the United States is a long-term concern, the immediate challenge is how to manage destructive Russia. It doesn’t cost more than a day’s meeting with President Putin.

Biden called for talks-for the first time since Mr. Trump accepted Mr Putin’s denial of election interference At a summit in Helsinki, Finland, three years ago, human rights activists warned that doing so would strengthen and encourage Russian leaders, but Mr. Biden’s president for national security issues Aide Jake Sullivan said the US president met with the Soviet president during the Cold War and then with Russia’s successor. But on Monday, Biden acted on Putin. He said he would directly warn that there was a “reaction” if he did not change.

But veterans of the struggle between Washington and Moscow say that turmoil is Putin’s true superpower.

“Putin does not necessarily want a more stable or predictable relationship,” said Alexander Russell Versh, Russian ambassador to President George W. Bush. “The best case you can expect is for the two leaders to discuss a lot, but continue the dialogue.”

White House officials say the president has no intention of resetting relations with Russia. Biden called Putin a “murderer” this year, but they said he was clear about his enemies. ..

However, Mr. Biden has decided to put a guardrail on the relationship and is considering some kind of cooperation with a view to the future of nuclear weapons.

But in Europe, while Putin cherishes an ever-growing number of weapons, there is a growing perception that Russia’s nuclear capabilities are a strategic remnant of the era of superpower conflict. Called the new Cold War, the weapons of choice are cyber weapons, ransomware wielded by gangsters operating from Russian territory, and the ability to shake neighboring countries like Ukraine. Rally the army at the border..

Mr. Biden accepts Article 5 of NATO and its Charter. This clause promises all member states of the Alliance to consider an armed attack on one person as an armed attack on all. However, what constitutes an armed attack in modern times is not so clear. SolarWinds hack What broke into corporate and government networks? With the movement of intermediate-range missiles Russian troops on the Ukrainian border, Not a NATO member country?

Biden’s aides say the key is to make it clear that Biden has seen Putin’s brave appearance before and that he doesn’t confuse him.

“Joe Biden is not Donald Trump,” said Thomas E. Donilon, President Barack Obama’s National Security Adviser, whose wife and brother are Biden’s key aides. “You don’t have to do unexplained harassment of the President of the United States, who criticizes the President of Russia, who leads a country that is actively hostile to the United States in so many areas. You wouldn’t have it. “

When Mr. Biden defines the current struggle as “the utility of democracy in the 21st century and the battle between dictatorships,” he describes China’s appeal as a trading partner and source of technology rather than Russia’s turmoil. Seems worried. And while Europeans rarely see China as a growing technical, ideological, and military threat like Washington, it’s an argument that Biden is starting to win. ..

Britain has deployed the largest naval vessels in the Pacific since the Falklands War nearly 40 years ago. It stops in Singapore, Malaysia, Australia and New Zealand and aims to at least reestablish the presence of visitors in areas that were once part of the empire. But at the same time, Prime Minister Boris Johnson was initiated by Mr. Trump and accelerated by Mr. Byden to ensure that Chinese telecommunications company Huawei will not win new contracts to install 5G mobile phones. A British network that has signed an initiative by Washington.

Some Europeans have followed suit, but Biden’s aides felt blind when the European Union announced an investment deal with China last year, a few days before Biden’s inauguration. This was a reflection of concerns that if the continent were to get caught up in the US-China competition, European companies, including the German luxury car industry, would bear the brunt.

The future of the deal is uncertain, but Mr Biden is heading in the opposite direction: signing an executive order last week Ban Americans from investing in Chinese companies It is associated with the armed forces or troops of the country that sells surveillance techniques used to suppress Chinese and foreign opposition and religious minorities. But to be effective, allies need to be involved. So far, few have expressed enthusiasm for this effort.

Biden may be able to defeat skeptics by accepting the goal of combating climate change, but he will run into the question of whether he is well prepared.

Four years ago, at Mr. Trump’s first G7 meeting, six world leaders reaffirmed their commitment to the Paris Agreement. The United States has declared that it is “not in a position to participate in the consensus.”

Biden has overturned that stance and has pledged to reduce US emissions by 50 to 52 percent from 2005 levels by the end of 2010. The Washington Post editorial Prior to the summit, he said that by returning to the table, the United States “has the opportunity to make ambitious progress.”

But world leaders said they remain wary of the United States’ willingness to tackle emissions and enact serious legislation to fulfill its financial commitments to poorer countries.

“They have shown the right approach, but not necessarily as big as they can,” said Graça Machel, a former Minister of Education and Culture in Mozambique.

The key to achieving ambitious climate goals is China, which emits more emissions than the United States, Europe and Japan combined. Peter Betts, a former head of climate negotiations between Britain and the European Union, said the challenge for Biden was whether he could lead the G7 countries to a successful pressure campaign.

He said China “cares about what developing countries are thinking.”

Lisa Friedman Contributed report.

Biden aims to strengthen the US alliance in Europe, but faces challenges

Source link Biden aims to strengthen the US alliance in Europe, but faces challenges

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