Video Source: YouTube, ABC News
By Tom Krisher and Aamer Madhani
President Joe Biden declared on Thursday that the United States needs to “move fast” to win the future of global car manufacturing, producing more than half of US sales of electric vehicles by the end of the decade. Announced the commitment of the automobile industry.
Biden also wants automakers to improve fuel economy and reduce tailpipe contamination between the present and the 2026 model. From engine to battery-powered vehicle.
From batteries to semiconductors, the components needed to bring about that radical change, along with new jobs and billions of federal electric vehicle promises, support both the industry and the union for environmental efforts. Aiming for this, we urged it to be held in the United States as well. investment.
The president pointed to an electric car parked on the lawn south of the White House and declared it “a vision of the future that is starting to happen.”
“The question is whether we will lead or lag in future races,” he said. “Forks, the rest of the world is moving forward. We need to catch up.”
Obviously fine, the president jumped on a battery-powered plug-in hybrid Jeep Wrangler Bicon and swiftly circled the driveway after the ceremony.
At the beginning of Thursday, the government has new mileage and pollution control standards from the Environmental Protection Agency and the Department of Transportation that are part of Biden’s goal of halving US greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. Was announced. By 2030, 40% to 50% of new car sales will be electric vehicles.
Both regulatory standards and automakers’ voluntary goals were included in an executive order signed by Biden as a gathering of auto industry leaders and lawmakers.
The standards that must go through the regulatory process will reverse the fuel economy and pollution control rollbacks under President Donald Trump. At that time, the increase in mileage had decreased to 1.5% each year until model year 2026.
The new standard will reduce greenhouse gas emissions and improve fuel economy by 10% over the Trump regulations for 2023 car models. According to the EPA statement, it will be 5% stronger in each model year up to 2026. This is an increase of about 25% over four years.
By 2026, the EPA said the proposed standard would be the strictest greenhouse gas emission regulation in US history.
Still, it’s still unclear how quickly consumers will accept longer-mileage, lower-emission vehicles than the industry’s top-selling fuel-efficient SUVs. The 2030 EV targets are ultimately non-binding, and the industry has emphasized that billions of dollars in electric vehicle investment in legislation pending in Congress are essential to achieving these targets. increase.
Edmunds.com estimates that by June only 2.2% of new car sales were fully electric vehicles. It has increased from 1.4% in the same period last year.
Biden has long declared himself a “car man”. His blue-collar political figure is intertwined with the support of union workers and his role as vice president in stabilizing the automotive industry after the 2008 economic collapse. He wanted to book a particular test drive.
“I have a commitment from Mary: when they make the first electric corvette, I will drive it,” Biden said. “Yes, Mary? You think I’m a joke. I’m not a joke.”
Dave Cook, a Senner Vehicle analyst at the Union of Concerned Scientists, said the new rules were rolled back by Trump, almost in line with the final year of the standards established when Barack Obama was president.
However, Cook said he was concerned that the regulation would extend the number of years of double credit to comply with the standards of all electric vehicles sold by automakers. It allows more emissions from internal combustion engine vehicles, he said.
The Associated Press and other media outlets reported last week that the Biden administration was discussing weaker mileage requirements with automakers, but they have been strengthened since then. This change happened after environmental groups publicly complained that they were too weak.
Transport is the United States’ largest contributor to climate change.
Contracts with automakers define electric vehicles as plug-in hybrids, fully electric vehicles, and vehicles powered by hydrogen fuel cells.
Environmental groups welcomed the move, but also said the administration should move faster.
“Given that climate change is already making our weather so harsh, it’s clear that progress needs to be dramatically accelerated,” said Simon Mui of the Natural Resources Defense Council. ..
Scientists say that artificial global warming is raising temperatures, raising sea levels and exacerbating wildfires, droughts, floods and storms worldwide.
Some automakers have already announced sales targets for electric vehicles similar to dealings with the government. Ford CEO said last week that 40% of global sales are expected to be fully electric by 2030. General Motors said it aims to sell only electric passenger cars by 2035. 2030.
The Obama-era standard Trump rollback requires a fleet of new vehicles to obtain the predicted 29mpg of “real-world” driving by 2026. Obama’s rule was to achieve.
General Motors, Stellantis and Ford said in a joint statement that recent electric vehicle efforts indicate that they want to lead the United States in the transition from combustion vehicles.
They say that such “dramatic changes” from today’s US market are incentives for buying electric vehicles, proper government funding for charging stations, and expanding the supply chain for electric vehicle manufacturing and parts. He said it could only happen with policies that include funding.
The United Auto Workers, which has expressed concern about the premature transition of EVs because it could affect work in the industry, did not promise to approve the 40% to 50% EV target. did. But the UAW said it is behind the president, “not only will it grow electric vehicles, but it will also support the ability to produce electric vehicles domestically with good wages and allowances.”
Biden repeatedly praised the virtues of American union workers, saying that climate change challenges could provide opportunities for “high-paying union work.”
Under the transition from internal combustion engines to electric power, work currently involving the manufacture of pistons, fuel injectors and mufflers has been superseded by the assembly of lithium-ion battery packs, electric motors, and rugged wiring harnesses.
Many of these components are currently manufactured abroad, including China. Biden has made the development of the US electric vehicle supply chain an important part of his plan to create more jobs in the automotive industry.
The bipartisan infrastructure bill awaiting the Senate has $ 7.5 billion in grants to build charging stations, about half of what Biden originally proposed. He wanted $ 15 billion for 500,000 stations, plus tax credits and money for rebates to invite people to buy electric cars.
Contributed by Associated Press writers Hope Yen, Jonathan Lemire, and Seth Borenstein.