The goal announced Thursday is twice the country’s previous commitment under the 2015 Paris Agreement, where the Obama administration began reducing emissions by 26% to 28% from 2005 levels by 2025. that’s all. goal.
Biden’s pledge on Earth Day Hundreds of executives from environmental groups and large corporations I am seeking. The president announced his goals at the climate summit of world leaders, who are in the spotlight on Thursday and Friday, in the meantime he hopes to encourage global cooperation to address the climate crisis.
“This is a decisive decade,” Biden said at the summit Thursday morning. “This is the decade we have to make a decision to avoid the worst consequences of the climate crisis.”
“This is a moral imperative. It’s an economic imperative. It’s a moment of danger, but it’s also a moment of extraordinary potential,” the president said.
All 40 world leaders invited by the President to the Virtual Summit will be in attendance. Including those from China And India, and are expected to make new commitments. The UK and the European Union have promised emission reductions of 68% and 55% by 2030, respectively. China, the world’s largest emitter, has pledged to reach its peak emissions by 2030 and be carbon-neutral by 2060.
During the summit, Xi Jinping Jintao of China is repeated an earlier pledge of the country, and stressed the green development and multilateralism in order to reduce the emissions of the world.
India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi called for concrete action on climate change and announced the 2030 India-US Climate and Clean Energy Agenda Partnership. It also reaffirmed the country’s pledge to introduce 450 gigawatts of renewable energy by 2030.
Japan’s Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga has announced a stricter goal of reducing emissions by 46% by 2030. Canada has also updated its target and pledged to reduce 2005 emission levels by 40-45% by 2030.
At the summit, then President Donald Trump withdrew from the Paris Agreement, stopped all federal efforts to reduce domestic emissions, and withdrew more than 100 environmental regulations to support fossil fuel production. Later, it is an opportunity for the United States to rejoin its global climate efforts.
“We are pleased that the United States is back and able to work with us in climate politics,” German Chancellor Angela Merkel said at the summit.
Britain’s Prime Minister Boris Johnson, who announced this week that Britain will cut emissions by 78% by 2035, praised Biden as “returning the United States to the forefront of the fight against climate change.”
“It’s important to show that this isn’t just a politically correct, environmentally friendly and expensive act of hugging a bunny,” Johnson said. “This is about growth and work.”
Biden’s pledge also advances his campaign’s commitment to decarbonize the country’s energy sector by 2030 and put the country on the road to net zero emissions by the middle of the century.
Biden so far Proposed $ 2 trillion infrastructure package It supports the transition from fossil fuels to clean energy and at the same time promises to create green jobs. If the bill is passed, it will be one of the largest federal efforts to date to reduce emissions.
“A strong national emission reduction target promotes a future of net zero emissions and a more equitable and inclusive economy,” Anne Kelly, vice president of government relations for the sustainability nonprofit Ceres, said in a statement. It’s what you need to rebuild. “
To achieve a net-zero economy by 2050, the United States must curb emissions by 57% to 63% over the next decade. According to analysis By Climate Action Tracker, an independent group that analyzes the climate pledges of various governments.
This week’s summit precedes the major United Nations Climate Change Conference in Glasgow, Scotland in November. At this conference, the countries that are members of the Paris Agreement will announce their latest emission targets for the next decade.
Under the agreement, countries are trying to maintain global warming well below pre-industrial levels at 2 degrees Celsius or 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit.
But the earth Will warm up to 1.5 degrees Celsius, Or 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit, in the next 20 years. And this century, temperatures could exceed 3 degrees Celsius and 5.4 degrees Fahrenheit without global action.
Although ambitious, Biden’s pledge is likely to be inadequate to reach its goals under the Paris Agreement, said Flavio Lehner, a climate scientist at Cornell University and an assistant professor of geo-atmospheric science. Stated. Rising global temperatures also depend heavily on what other countries promise over the next decade.
“Many climate impacts are almost linearly proportional to global warming, so reducing emissions as soon as possible, regardless of specific warming targets, is an important sustainable motivation for this and future administrations. We need to stay, “said Lehner.
Biden promises to cut greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2030
Source link Biden promises to cut greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2030