Joe Biden gives his first speech United Nations As President on Tuesday, he aims to “close the 20-year war chapter” and begin an era of intensive diplomacy.
However, Biden has widespread skepticism among UN member states about hostility from China, an open rift with France, disagreements about Israel, and a commitment to multilateralism following a chaotic withdrawal from Afghanistan. You will have to fight the theory. Dealing with nuclear submarines that surprised enemies and allies..
The White House sees its speech to the UN General Assembly as an opportunity to regain global initiative and convince UN member states that “the United States is back,” as promised when Biden took office.
Then a week-long bilateral meeting, the US-sponsored Covid Summit on Wednesday, and a Pacific-oriented quad group leaders meeting aimed at boosting funding for global vaccine distribution (India, Australia). , Japan) will follow Wednesday. , And Thursday’s UN Security Council on Climate Insecurity.
“This is an important and important week for President Biden and his leadership on the world stage,” said a senior government official.
The speech on Tuesday focused on the proposal that we close the chapter in the 20-year war and open a chapter on intensive diplomacy, with allies and partners to address the key challenges of our time. By rallying institutions. “
However, Biden will arrive in New York just days after the disclosure of a new security agreement between Australia, the United Kingdom and the United States. This includes helping Australia build a fleet of nuclear submarines.
In his speech, Biden will want to avoid the new Cold War, where the world is divided into blocks.
“He believes in vigorous, intensive and principled competition that never turns into conflict,” said a senior US official.
However, at the beginning of the UN General Assembly Summit Week, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres expressed concern that the US-China conflict has stopped the development of urgent global problems.
Guterres told CNN that U.S. climate envoy John Kerry’s efforts to reach a compromise with China “mostly failed because the Chinese said … we can’t cooperate on climate or anything else. “.
“I believe the old Cold War was easier to manage and we need to avoid the new Cold War. It was clear. Now things are getting more complicated,” said the Secretary-General.
Biden begins the week with the additional burden of severe fractures in western cohesion. France is still furious at the surprise of Aukus’ agreement and warning that it will have further diplomatic implications.
On Monday, Biden was about to call French President Emmanuel Macron, and Secretary of State Tony Blinken wanted to meet with his counterpart Jean-Yves Le Drian in New York, but France. The person was elusive.
The State Department said Blinken and Le Drian’s schedule was “dynamic.” French officials said no bilateral meetings were planned.
Richard Gowan, UN Director of the International Crisis Group, said, “The line of Aux fits the story of talking about the great multilateral games that have emerged around Biden, but on many issues. It’s still a little America’s first about the crisis. “
In May, the U.S. blocked the UN Security Council from issuing a statement calling for the end of Israeli and Palestinian violence, Israel launched a bombing campaign against Hamas in Gaza, and many civilians were killed or injured. rice field.
Sherine Tadros, head of Amnesty International’s Newyork office, said Biden would benefit from a comparison with Donald Trump, who was openly hostile to the United Nations, and gave a warlike speech from the podium. ..
“The bar is low,” said Tadros. “There is no doubt that there will be re-engagement … but if you look at Afghanistan, if you look at the Gaza War, the United Nations Biden administration Treated as Plan B. “
Biden would normally find it easy to smooth a crack by smoothing it with a fellow leader, but Covid-19 and New York City rules to prevent its spread make it difficult. bottom.
He will hold a one-time bilateral meeting with Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison in New York on Tuesday, and then return to Washington to meet Boris Johnson of the United Kingdom.
Biden’s UN speech is an opportunity to show that “America is back” | Biden administration
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