The green hillside has lost its color, the reservoir with the newly exposed ring of soil tubs has receded, and the crops in the fields have died.
These are visions of California’s dry landscape in preparation for a drought that could cause catastrophic damage to California. Water scarcity and unusually dry conditions have already begun to hurt homes.
The state is facing a hotter and drier summer, and the governor said Declared a drought emergency In 41 of the 58 counties in the state. More than 37 million Californians live in these drought areas, according to US drought monitors.
“This is unprecedented,” Newsom said at a press conference announcing the first two declarations in April from a bed on Lake Mendocino, which was reduced to dry, cracked clay. Not long ago, he said. He would have stood 40 feet below the surface. “We often exaggerate the word historic, but this is certainly a historic moment.”
Many of the state’s reservoirs are extremely low in capacity and are expected to decline further in the coming months. Already, the state’s 154 major reservoirs have averaged 71% of normal overall. National Integrated Federal Climate Analyst Drought In its latest report, the information system called the outlook for California’s reservoir-level recovery “pessimistic.”
The dry state is expected to be another fuel Potentially devastating and record-breaking wildfire seasonIn 2020, approximately 4.1 million acres of land were burned down by flames, tens of thousands of buildings were burned down, and 31 people were killed.
According to the federal surveillance system, these conditions only began to occur in May last year. However, by mid-May of this year, it will be the second consecutive dry year – it will be characterized by hot summers, low rainfall and replenishment of dry landscapes during the winter. Drought hit 93% of Southwest and California, 38% of the region is classified at the highest level.
“It’s very striking that the drought has progressed and intensified rapidly,” climatologist Brian Fuchs said in a NIDIC-sponsored webinar this week.
Northern California’s reservoirs, which rely heavily on the rapidly disappearing mountain meltwater, have suffered the most damage. The largest two lakes, Shasta Lake and Lake Oroville, Reduced to 44% and 39% of total capacity Respectively. Inflows into Lake Shasta are even lower than in 2014.
The California Department of Water Resources reduced the water allocations of farmers and producers to 5% of expectations in March in preparation for a reduction in reserves. The move has triggered protests from California’s agricultural areas. Likely to be hit by a drought..
In the last drought of 2014-2016, the agricultural industry lost about $ 3.8 billion and more than 500,000 acres of land could not be produced due to water shortages. Farmers and ranchers are beginning to thin crops, fallow fields, and thin herds in preparation.
Authorities also had to intervene to help salmon raised in the state’s central valley reach the Pacific Ocean. Tens of millions Young fish are trucked instead To sites around the coast.
Droughts have always affected California’s climate, and it’s not uncommon in the region to be dotted with dry and rainy years. However, rising temperatures are contributing to even more severe extreme conditions, and climate scientists believe the cycle is only intensifying.
After the 2012-2015 period was the driest four years recorded, there was only a two-year grace period after the state was declared drought-free.
Newsom in an attempt to mitigate some of the expected impact Allocated $ 5.1 billion over four years Water infrastructure and drought response. The state also wants to apply important lessons learned during the last drought period, such as establishing new standards for water use, raising efficiency requirements, and assessing and intervening in the event of a water system failure. Still, as the situation worsens, the state continues to call on its inhabitants to adapt.
“It’s time for Californians to work together again to save water,” said Wade Crowfoot, California’s Secretary of Natural Resources, in a statement released with the state of emergency. He encouraged us to shorten our time and limit wasted water in our daily activities such as washing dishes and brushing our teeth, adding that “all of us need to find every opportunity to save as much water as possible.”
California faces another drought as the bottom of the lake turns into dust-Photo Essay | California
Source link California faces another drought as the bottom of the lake turns into dust-Photo Essay | California