The Omani cave explorer became the first person to descend to the bottom of the “Well of Hell” at a depth of 367 feet (112 meters). Sink hole In Yemen, according to news reports, many locals believe that it is the gateway to the underworld, where the genie infests.
The well of Barhout, officially known as the Well of Barhout, has an eerie circular entrance that is 98 feet (30 m) in diameter and is located in the middle of the desert of Al Mara, eastern Yemen, in Oman. Amateur cave explorers have previously entered a sinkhole, but until now no one was known to have reached the bottom.
Last week, a team of 10 explorers from the Oman Cave Expedition Team (OCET) used a pulley system to explore Balhut’s wells. Despite the local horror surrounding the sinkhole, a small crowd of brave spectators gathered to watch the event. NS video Among the explorers coming down the cave, the BBC shared it.
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“Passion has driven us,” Mohammed al-Kindy, a professor of geology at the German Institute of Technology in Oman, who was part of the OCET team, told Agence France-Presse. AFP.. “And I felt this revealed a new wonder and part of Yemen’s history.”
Explorers reported finding waterfalls, snakes, dead animals, stalagmites, and cave pearls, but of course nothing was found. Devil Or the doorway to hell.
The exact age of the Well of Barhout is currently unknown, but it could be millions of years ago, according to AFP.
Many local myths were born to explain the sinkhole. Most describe the sinkhole as a gin or genie prison, resulting in bad luck. Some people also believe that if they get too close, a sinkhole can pull people in.Others claim to be a super volcano whose holes can be destroyed Earth, According to AFP, there is no scientific evidence to support this.
In the past, there were reports of a foul odor coming from a large hole, spurring the story of being the gateway to hell and giving it a nickname.
However, in reality, the Well of Barhout is a fairly typical sinkhole.
How the sinkhole is formed
“There are different types of sinkholes,” Philip van Beinen, a sinkhole expert at the University of South Florida who wasn’t involved in the exploration, told Live Science. “The most common are sinkholes in collapse and subsidence.”
Related: View wild photos of the sinkhole
Collapse sinkholes are formed when the voids in the rock below the surface expand significantly and the upper roof becomes unsupported, causing the rock and the deposits above it to suddenly collapse into a cave. Subsidence sinkholes occur until surface sediments slowly flow into small underground cavities, forming depressions or sinkholes, Vanbeinen said.
Both rely on a special type of landscape called karst, which is characterized by carbonated rocks such as limestone and dolomite, which dissolves in water and leads to caves, springs and sinkholes, Van Beinen said.
Unfortunately, he added, it is difficult to know exactly when and how a sinkhole will be formed. “It’s almost impossible unless it happens when people live in the field and record an event.”
Explore the cave
According to the Omani newspaper, when the OCET team descended into the sinkhole, they reached a non-uniform, jagged floor covered with stalagmites, some of which reached a height of 30 feet (9 m). Muscat Daily.. Part of the floor was also covered with cave pearls. This is also a type of cave product. It is a cave structure formed by the gradual accumulation of minerals such as calcium carbonate from water droplets, such as stalagmites and stalactites.
“they [cave pearls] Leslie Melim, a geologist at the University of West Illinois, who specializes in cave pearls, told Live Science. “In fact, anything can act as a nucleus. Whatever is in a cave or mine. Because the nucleus is loose, minerals grow all around the grain and begin to form pearls.”
Cave pearls are rare and can only grow on perfectly flat cave floors so that the nucleus does not move, Melim said.
According to Muscat Daily, he also found that from the inside of the sinkhole, water came out of several holes in the cave wall about 213 feet (65 m) below the surface, creating a small waterfall. This will provide the dripping water needed to form cave products, stalagmites and cave pearls, Melim said.
The explorer also reported what he saw Snake, Frog Beetles in the cave system, and some dead animals that appear to have fallen into the pits, mostly birds. The rotten corpse may have caused the stench reported by the locals, but “there was no overwhelming stench” in the sinkhole, Alkindi told AFP.
The team took a sample that might reveal more information about the sinkhole and how it was formed. “We have collected samples of water, rocks, soil, and some dead animals, but have not yet analyzed them,” Alkindi told AFP.
A final report on the exploration of the Well of Barhout is scheduled for the coming weeks.
Originally published in Live Science.
Caver explorers discover snakes and waterfalls in Yemen’s infamous Well of Barhout on the world’s first descent
Source link Caver explorers discover snakes and waterfalls in Yemen’s infamous Well of Barhout on the world’s first descent