Chimpanzee (Chimpanzee), One of our closest living relatives, also known as a chimpanzee, and a great member Apes With the family gorilla, Orangutan, Bonobos and humans. Chimpanzees share 98.7% of their DNA with humans and have many of the same characteristics. They are known as intelligent, social and violent animals that live in complex societies. Chimpanzees suffer heavily from the growing presence and influence of modern humans in the environment and are now endangered.
How big is a chimpanzee?
Chimpanzees are 3 feet 3 inches to 5 feet 6 inches (1 to 1.7 meters) tall when standing upright like a human. However, they mainly walk on all fours, using knuckles and feet. Men are slightly larger than women. Men weigh up to about 154 pounds. (70 kg) In the wild, the maximum weight is about 110 lbs. (50 kg) For women University of Michigan Animal Diversity Web (ADW)..
size: Stand up to 5 feet 6 inches (1.7 meters)
lifespan: Up to about 50 years
Conservation status: Endangered species
Despite being small, chimpanzees are stronger than humans.In fact, they are about 1.35 times stronger than humans It’s good for strength and speed because they have faster spasm muscle fibers, Live Science reported. These fast muscle fibers allow chimpanzees to outperform people in tasks such as pulling and jumping. Humans have evolved to have muscle fibers that contract more slowly, suitable for endurance and long-distance travel.
What do chimpanzees eat?
Chimpanzees mainly eat fruits and leaves. However, their diet depends on where they live and the seasonal availability of food. Chimpanzees are omnivorous like humans, so they also eat meat. Their diet includes insects and mammals such as monkeys and bushbuck antelopes. Jane Goodall Institute UK..
Chimpanzees are highly intelligent animals and find food in a variety of ways. They have been observed using more tools than any other animal on earth, except humans. According to ADW, the tool is used as a sponge to hold open nuts with rocks, peel leaves from twigs to collect termites from inside termite mounds, crush leaves and clean themselves. And so on.
Do chimpanzees attack people?
Wild chimpanzees are usually afraid of humans and keep a distance. However, there have been records of chimpanzees attacking and killing people. This usually occurs when humans move to and destroy chimpanzee habitats, reducing access to food. Chimpanzees can start stealing unprotected human food, such as crops, and in the process become more confident in humans.
Chimpanzees have attacked more than 20 people in the western part of Uganda over the last two decades and have killed at least three babies since 2014. Reported by National Geographic According to National Geographic, chimpanzees usually direct aggressive and sometimes predatory behavior towards their children. This is because animals are afraid of larger human adults, especially males. Chimpanzees also snatched and killed human babies. In most cases, these are isolated and appear to be reckless attacks by individual chimpanzees, but in the 1990s one chimpanzee killed seven children before being killed by humans, National Geographic. Reported.
Captive or pet chimpanzees attack people much more often than wild chimpanzees. Because they can completely lose their fear of people. During the attack, chimpanzees target human faces, hands, feet, and genitals.The· Jane Goodall Institute UK He said pet chimpanzees were too destructive and dangerous to keep as part of a family and difficult to be stimulated and satisfied in the human environment.
Chimpanzees are highly social animals and live in communities of 10 to 180 individuals. Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology In German. They live in fission-fission societies, where communities are divided into small subgroups (fission), move separately, and sometimes together (fission).
Males remain in the birth community and females can move to nearby communities when they are old enough to breed. Male chimpanzees protect community territory from nearby chimpanzee communities and kill members of other groups.Chimpanzees are the only non-human species Perform coordinated attacks with each other, Live Science previously reported.This militant behavior documented by a renowned primatologist Jane GoodallIn particular, he challenged the notion that war is the development of modern humans.
Male and female chimpanzees mate with multiple partners throughout the year. According to ADW, mating occurs more frequently than required for breeding purposes and also performs social functions such as fostering bonds between individuals. Males may ensure exclusive access to females for breeding by preventing other males from mating with females, but females also have several spousal options. According to the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, many changes have been observed in all aspects of chimpanzee social structure and reproductive strategy.
Chimpanzees have a gestation period of about 230 days or almost 33 weeks. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).. Females give birth to one chimpanzee or sometimes twins. Baby chimpanzees weigh about 4.5 pounds. According to ADW, at birth (2 kg), it clings to the mother’s abdomen and is carried. As the baby grows up, he begins to walk alone, but continues to walk on his mother and more and more on his back until weaning at the age of 4-5. According to IUCN, chimpanzees usually live in the wild for up to about 50 years. They can survive longer in captivity where one woman lived in her 70s.
Where do chimpanzees live?
According to IUCN, chimpanzees live in forests on the African continent and can be found from southern Senegal in West Africa to western Tanzania in East Africa. However, because they have a discontinuous distribution, the population can be far apart. Chimpanzees are primarily associated with rainforests, but occupy a variety of habitats, including wetland forests and savanna. According to ADW, they live at various altitudes and can be found in mountain forests up to 9,000 feet (2,750 m) above sea level.
Kingdom: Animal kingdom
Chimpanzee seeds (Pantroglodytes) Integrated classification information system (ITIS): Nigerian-Cameroon chimpanzees (Pant .ellioti) live in a small area around the border between Nigeria and Cameroon. The eastern chimpanzee (Pant. Schweinfurthii) is found in the Central African Republic and the Democratic Republic of the Congo in Central Africa to western Tanzania, with members further north of Uganda and a small population in South Sudan. Central chimpanzees (Pant. Troglodytes) extend from Cameroon to the Democratic Republic of the Congo. And finally, according to IUCN, western chimpanzees (Pant. Verus) live between Senegal and Ghana.
Are chimpanzees endangered?
Chimpanzees are considered endangered and are endangered. Their population is declining and it is estimated that less than 300,000 chimpanzees remain in the wild. IUCN.. The main threats to chimpanzees are poaching, habitat loss and deterioration, and disease.
Killing apes is illegal, but poaching is the greatest threat to most chimpanzee populations. Poachers hunt chimpanzees for food, either to eat on their own or to supply the demand for bushmeat in urban markets. Chimpanzees are often not specifically targeted, but are caught by hunters when the opportunity arises, such as when they are caught in a hunter’s trap. Toddler chimpanzees can also be sold as illegal pets. Humans also kill chimpanzees to prevent them from attacking crops.
Forests have been converted to agricultural land throughout Africa and will continue to be converted. This reduces the habitat available to chimpanzees. In addition, logging, mining, oil mining and road construction can alter and destroy chimpanzee habitats and adversely affect chimpanzee survival. Chimpanzee populations are also declining due to the Ebola virus and other diseases that travel between humans and chimpanzees.
Chimpanzees have a long history of being used in human experiments. Chimpanzees, for example, were one of the animals that helped pave the way for humans to travel in space. The United States sent two chimpanzees named Ham and Enos into space in the early 1960s. It is effectively used as a living experimental dummy, human body Will deal with such a trip.According to Ham, it became the first chimpanzee in the universe in 1961. NASA.. According to Live’Science’s sister site, Enos became the second chimpanzee in space in November of the same year, after the Soviet Union and the United States succeeded in sending humans into space. Space.com..
Chimpanzees are also used for entertainment such as circuses, commercials and movies. A performance ape named Oliver has become famous for its human-like appearance, with its bald head and tendency to walk upright. He was promoted as a missing link between humans and chimpanzees, or as a theoretical hybrid pairing between chimpanzees and humans.Oliver’s 1998 study Chromosomes And DNAPublished in American Journal of Physical Anthropology, He turned out to be actually a normal chimpanzee. Other bald chimpanzees are getting public attention. A video of a completely hairless chimpanzee named Mongo at the Twycross Zoo in the United Kingdom was spread by word of mouth in 2016. BBC news.. The unusual appearance of Mongo was due to alopecia, a condition inherited from his father.
A pet chimpanzee named Travis, used in a television commercial, became a hot topic in 2009 when it savagely attacked a woman on the streets of Stamford, Connecticut. Male chimpanzees caused life-threatening injuries to females by tearing their faces, necks and hands during prolonged attacks. According to CNN.. Travis was later fatally shot by the police.
Chimpanzees: intellectual, social and violent
Source link Chimpanzees: intellectual, social and violent