China and Europe are leading the impetus to regulate AI

Robots play the piano at the Apsara Conference, a cloud computing and artificial intelligence conference held in China on October 19, 2021. While China is renewing its technology rulebook, the European Union is breaking its own regulatory framework to curb AI. However, it has not yet crossed the finish line.

Str | Afp | Getty Images

As China and Europe seek to curb artificial intelligence, a new front is being opened on who sets the standard for fast-growing technology.

March, China deploys regulations It manages how to generate online recommendations through algorithms and suggests what to buy, watch, or read.

This is the latest salvo of a tense grip on China’s tech sector and represents an important marker in how AI is regulated.

“It was a surprise that China started drafting AI regulations last year, which was the first major economy on the regulatory agenda,” Xiaomeng Lu, director of geotechnology practices at Eurasia Group, told CNBC. It’s one of the countries. “

While China is renewing its technology rulebook, the European Union is breaking its own regulatory framework to curb AI, but has not yet crossed the finish line.

With two of the world’s largest economies presenting AI regulations, the global AI development and business arena could be undergoing major changes.

A global playbook from China?

China’s AI regulations and the fact that they are working first essentially carry out some extensive experiments that other parts of the world can monitor and potentially learn something. And I think you are.

Matt Sheehan

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

“I think these trends have changed the government’s attitude towards this to the point where they start looking at other questionable market practices and algorithms that promote services and products,” Lou said.

China’s move is noteworthy given how quickly they were implemented compared to the timeframes that other jurisdictions normally tackle with respect to regulation.

Matt Sheehan, a fellow of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace’s Asian program, said China’s approach could provide guidance that would influence other laws internationally.

“China’s AI regulations and the fact that they are working first essentially perform some large-scale experiments that can be monitored and potentially learned by other parts of the world. I think you’re doing it, “he said.

European approach

The European Union has also set its own rules.

The AI ​​law is the next major technical law that has been on the agenda for several years.

In the last few weeks Private negotiations on Digital Markets Act and Digital Services ActTwo major regulations to reduce Big Tech.

AI method is currently Comprehensive framework based on risk level, This has a wide range of impacts on the products that companies bring to market. There are four categories of AI risk defined: minimum, limit, high, and unacceptable.

France, the replacement chair of the Council of the European Union, A new power emerged To audit AI products before they are put on the market by national authorities.

It is up to the European Parliament to define these risks and categories. Prohibition of face recognition In public places to limit use by law enforcement agencies. However, the European Commission wants to ensure that it can be used for investigations while privacy activists are afraid to increase surveillance and erode privacy.

Sheehan said China’s political system and motivation are “totally disgusting” to European lawmakers, but there are many similarities between the two technical goals. And the West should pay attention to how China implements them.

“I don’t want to mimic the ideological and speech controls that are being developed in China, but some of these issues on the more technical side are similar in different jurisdictions, and others in the world. What the region thinks needs to be monitored occurs outside of China from a technical point of view. “

He said China’s efforts are more normative and include algorithm recommendation rules that can reduce the impact of tech companies on public opinion. The AI ​​Act, on the other hand, is a rough effort aimed at putting all AI under the roof of one regulation.

Lou said the European approach would be “more annoying” for businesses as it requires pre-marketing evaluation.

“This is a very restrictive system compared to the Chinese version, basically testing products and services in the market, and testing those products and services before they are introduced to consumers. Not. “

“Two different universes”

Seth Siegel, Global Head of AI for Infosys Consulting, said these differences could result in a disruption in the way AI evolves at the global stage.

“When trying to design mathematical models, machine learning, and AI, China and the EU take radically different approaches,” he said.

At some point, he added, China and Europe dominate AI surveillance methods and create “fundamentally different” pillars for developing technology.

“I think we see techniques, approaches and styles starting to diversify,” Siegel said.

Sheehan disagrees with the division of the world’s AI landscape as a result of these different approaches.

“Companies are much better at tailoring their products to work in different markets,” he said.

He added that the greater risk is that researchers are isolated in various jurisdictions.

AI research and development is cross-border, and all researchers have a lot to learn from each other, Sheehan said.

“If the two ecosystems break the relationship between engineers, if they ban communication and dialogue from a technical point of view, it poses a much greater threat, there are two different universes of AI, and how they are. Each other can be very dangerous about how they interact. “

China and Europe are leading the impetus to regulate AI

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