Nashville-Davidson, Tennessee 2021-05-31 04:56:29 –
Beijing (AP) — China’s ruling Communist Party will ease birth restrictions that allow all couples to have three children instead of two, in order to cope with the rapid rise in the average age of the population. The state news agency said on Monday.
The ruling party has been restricting births since 1980 to curb population growth, but is concerned that the working-age population is declining rapidly while the proportion of people aged 65 and over is rising. The burden on the economy and society is increasing.
Xinhua News Agency reported at a Monday meeting of the Party Politburo that “China will introduce key policies and measures to actively address the aging of the population.”
Party leaders pointed out that “further optimizing birth policies and implementing one couple’s policies could have three children, and support measures would improve China’s population structure. “The report said.
No details have been given as to when and how the changes will be made.
China’s population of 1.4 billion was already expected to peak in the second half of the last decade and begin to decline. Census data released on May 11 show that this is happening earlier than expected.
The limit, which restricted most couples to one child, was relaxed in 2015, allowing all couples to have two. However, after a slight rise the following year, the number of births declined. Couples say they are procrastinating because of the cost of having children, interruptions in work, and the need to care for their parents.
According to census data, the proportion of the working-age population between the ages of 15 and 59 in the population decreased from 70.1% 10 years ago to 63.3% last year. The group aged 65 and over increased from 8.9% to 13.5%.
The 12 million births reported last year decreased by nearly a fifth compared to 2019.
According to statistician Ningkichi izhe, who released the data on May 11, about 40% were second children, down from 50% in 2017.
China easing birth limits further to cope with aging society Source link China easing birth limits further to cope with aging society