In May of this year, China landed a rover on Mars, increasing its presence in space. This feat has shown the country’s space capabilities to the world and ignited competition in space, but is there really a concern?
China became the second country to successfully land on Mars. Touchdown on May 14th On the plains of Mars Utopia Plain . Zhurong’s arrival after a successful NASA landing Patience rover February 18th, at the Jezero Crater on Mars. This step is one of many steps China is taking to expand its presence in space, including the development of space stations and the continuous exploration of the far side of the moon by the lunar rover by by4. ..
However, the leaders of the US space sector include: New NASA administrator Bill Nelson Former astronaut Pamela Melroy, appointed Deputy Director, congratulated China on this amazing achievement, and Nelson described China as a “very aggressive competitor” and shared caution. ..
Issue a warning
Dramatically Nelson warns U.S. lawmakers At a parliamentary hearing on May 19, I posted a photo of Mars taken by the Chinese rover Zhurong. “Look at this picture … it’s a very aggressive competitor,” he said of China.
“They will land humanity on the moon, which should tell us that we need to get rid of our stupidity and move forward with our human landing system program.” Nelson said that China’s recent progress in space is “a new factor in whether we are serious about landing humanity on the moon and want to do a lot of work.”
Nelson said that China’s success in space seemed to put more pressure on NASA to land humanity on the moon. Artemis program, NASA is currently working to bring humanity back to the Moon and establish a sustainable human being on the Moon by the end of the decade.
Nelson added that China is developing three “large landers” to land near the Moon’s South Pole. He also pointed out anonymous reports that China has been fly-by in the last decade. He claimed to be planning a lunar landing.
Nelson argued that he would take advantage of his warnings about China’s progress to increase funding for US space agencies. “NASA can’t do that alone,” he said. “We want fierce competition, but we need money to make it possible.”
“Nelson knows that NASA needs more money than it currently has to carry out the Artemis program to bring humanity back to the moon,” said the U.S. Navy War University in Newport, Rhode Island. David Burbach, an associate professor of national security issues, told Space. Com Burbach’s comments are his personal opinion and do not reflect the views of his employer.
“I think this was mostly a very convenient way to remind Senators that there are competitors in space,” Barbach added. “I think China is unlikely to beat the United States and return to the Moon, and certainly has an aggressive program of Mars exploration, so China is trying to overtake the United States. I think it’s a stretch that suggests that, but Nelson points out that China is catching up rapidly and becoming a very serious player in deep space exploration.
Nelson isn’t the only one concerned.Melroy Asked about China’s space activities at a Senate hearing On May 20, he pointed out a number of recent achievements in China. “Not only a very impressive Mars landing, but also some landings on the moon, and of course, Low Earth orbit space station“Merroy said.
“China has made very clear their goal of robbing the United States of space dominance,” she added.
Not everyone feels the same.
“I think China is far from taking advantage of space,” Barbach said. Rather, he added, “I think China will be in the second slot if there is a global competitive order of space capabilities.” Burbach also said what “space dominance” means. Raised the issue. [things in space]I think the United States is still in a pretty good position. “
Not just rover landing
Melroy speculates that her concerns do not stem solely from China’s continued performance. “Adding to other concerns about intellectual property theft and aggressive behavior in space, I It’s no wonder we are concerned. ”
The public law has long raised concerns about illegal information sharing, as NASA “cannot engage in bilateral activities with China or any company owned by China.” According to NASAIn fact, January 2021 Reuters reportsNASA scientists have pleaded guilty to lying about their relationship with the Chinese government’s program of recruiting researchers from abroad to build relationships.
“NASA will continue to comply with the law,” she continued. “This exists to ensure that the United States considers its involvement with China of any kind very carefully, but we must work together in the space arena. Talking to China can be in the best interests of the United States. “
In May, China raised global concerns when China’s Long March 5 rocket (CZ-5B) fell uncontrollably to Earth. The rocket launched Tenwa, the first module of China’s new space station. It was predicted that boosters or some of the boosters would be unlikely to land in densely populated areas, but the possibility remained. Fortunately, the rocket wreckage fell into the Indian Ocean, well away from the densely populated areas, but the danger caused considerable concern both at NASA and around the world.
“Space exploration countries need to minimize the risk to people and assets on Earth from the re-entry of space objects and maximize transparency in their operations,” Nelson said. Written in a statement Before the rocket crashes on Earth.
“It is clear that China does not meet responsible standards for space debris. China and all space exploration countries and commercial bodies act responsibly and transparently in space, space safety, stability and safety. It is important to ensure long-term sustainability. Space activity. “
“Landing Rover on Mars does not affect US national security, but China is working on other types of space capabilities and technologies that affect US national security.” Brain Weeden, Program Planning Director, Secure World Foundation, told Space.com. Email. Weeden’s comments are his personal opinion and do not reflect the employer’s opinion.
Apart from China’s achievements on Mars and the Moon, China is steadily working on military use of space, including anti-satellite missile testing. According to the 2018 report Development of hypersonic weapons that the US Department of Defense is paying attention to. At the same time, China is reaching out to other countries to expand international cooperation. I agree recently Build a research station on the moon with Russia.
Looking to the future
next? China continues to develop space stations, exploring Mars and the Moon, and the United States continues with many space ventures. Cooperation is generally very limited by legislation banning bilateral activities between NASA and China.
However, despite political constraints on information sharing, researchers will continue to publish papers on Jurong’s discovery of Mars. Since this is not a direct transfer of information between the two countries, this is a small way scientists in the United States and abroad can benefit from exploration regardless of which country’s spacecraft collected the data.
“The results of the Chinese lunar rover were published in a scientific journal.” Edwin Wright, a planetary earth scientist at the University of Chicago, told Space.com. “Therefore, the results are thus shared with the community.” In addition, NASA scientists cannot collaborate with China, but “academic scientists are free to collaborate with Chinese scientists.” “He added.
Competition seems to outweigh cooperation as the two countries continue to push the boundaries of science and technology in space. Nevertheless, competition has revolutionized throughout NASA’s history, especially as we have seen NASA land the first humans on the moon, due to the political pressure of the “Space Race” with the former Soviet Union in the 1960s. It can cause it.
“I hope this competition will spur the United States, China and other nations to advance space technology and capabilities that will benefit everyone on Earth more,” Weeden said. “But if we overemphasize the’we or they’retric, space competition can exacerbate global tensions and lead to conflict, which is bad for everyone.”
The potential for increased political and social tensions is an additional concern, especially: Studies show Anti-Asian hate crimes will increase in 2020, Will continue to rise in 2021 (Experts think, partly due to the COVID-19 virus that originated in China).
“For more than four years, much of the United States has driven China as an enemy, without always distinguishing between the Chinese, China, and the ruling Chinese Communist Party,” Weeden said. “The difficulty is to blame the government for irresponsible behavior, such as the re-entry of the CZ-5B, but don’t make it a racist accusation against people and culture as a whole.”
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China has gained a position in space. Should the United States be concerned?
Source link China has gained a position in space. Should the United States be concerned?