Fresno, California 2021-05-07 18:23:38 –
But they are not a plague of monsters or locusts. Once you get to know them, scientists say you can appreciate the wonders of these rare creatures. So here are some answers to the cicada questions that may be bothering you.
What is a cicada?
They are a family of insects called magic kadas. They belong to a group of bugs that differ from other insects in that both nymphs and adults have beaks that they use to drink plant fluids. Adults have two sets of feathers.
More than 190 types of cicadas are known in North America, and there are 3,390 types worldwide.
Most cicada seeds come out every year. In the United States, there are groups of cicadas that stay underground for 13 or 17 years. These are called regular chicks.
Only the United States gets these periodic cicadas, with the exception of one of India and Fiji.
What is not a cicada?
Cicadas are not locusts. They are not grasshoppers. They are different species. But when Europeans first arrived in America, some even began to call them locusts and grasshoppers.
What is the blues?
Different groups of cicadas come out in different places and in different years. This year’s group is called Brood X, like the Roman numeral 10. Fifteen chicks are still out regularly. Others have become extinct.
Some come out every 13 years. Some, including Brood X, come out every 17 years.
Why so many years?
Some entomologists theorize that it is an evolutionary defense mechanism. Most predators have no memory or history to find them because they stay underground.
Why are there so many cicadas?
It is another evolutionary defense mechanism. Many creatures-even ants-eat cicadas. When they first come out and try to molt the skin, they can get stuck and are particularly vulnerable to attack.
They come out in large numbers so that some of them survive. Survivors make the following chicks, says entomologist Michael Laup at the University of Maryland.
Where will this year be?
This is one of the biggest chicks found by most people.
Brood X can be found in Delaware, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia and Washington DC.
When will the next blues come out?
Nothing will appear in 2022 or 2023, but two different chicks will appear in 2024.
The 17-year-old Cicada Brod XIII appears in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, and Wisconsin.
Appearing every 13 years, Brood XIX will be available in Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina and Tennessee.
Are cicadas dangerous?
No. It doesn’t hurt people. They do not hurt pets. Scientists don’t kill them.
Dogs are known to make a lot of noise and eat too much. But it’s a function of quantity, not the bug itself.
Cicadas can only do harm if a young tree climbs and tries to plant an egg on a weak young limb. Experts say they protect young trees by tying them together. Do not use pesticides.
When a cicada dies, it fertilizes the tree and may smell a little. Cicada expert Jean Klitsky says that trees tend to bloom the year after the cicadas appear.
Why are you afraid of cicadas?
Some people are scared of their appearance and others are angry with the smell. Many people are afraid of insects. And when they come out in large numbers, they can be difficult to avoid. Raupp suggests staying indoors or heading to the beach, but they don’t like it.
There are also some inconveniences. A lot of weddings and big events can seem to ruin it.
Why do cicadas sing so loudly?
It’s all about sex.
Cicadas bend and sing small organs like drums in the abdomen, and what you hear in the trees is called a chorus. Men are the only ones who sing and try to attract women. Think of them as the insect version of the boy band. Each species has its own song. When women are interested, they pull their wings.
It’s so noisy because they sometimes want to beg for women far away. Putting them together in the thousands can reach 105 decibels, which is larger than a lawnmower.
Where do they lay their eggs?
Female cicadas slit small tree branches and usually lay 20 to 30 eggs in each slit. A woman can lay 400 to 600 eggs in her lifetime. Eggs hatch from late July to early August. The cicada then falls to the ground and immediately digs a hole underground.
They can’t lay eggs on your skin, says entomologist John Cooley.
What do they do underground?
Periodical cicadas spend most of their 13 or 17 years underground, where they feed on the roots of plants and their bodies grow and change.
When will they arrive?
Someday. The early ones are already out. In Tennessee and other southern states, they are starting to pop up in large numbers. They will not come out in large numbers until the soil temperature at a depth of about 8 inches (20 centimeters) reaches 64 degrees Fahrenheit (18 degrees Celsius).
When will they leave?
When males mate, they die. Females die after spawning.
So, with the exception of eggs, they will be gone by around July 4, says Coolie. The annual cicadas can last until October.
When many of them die in the same place, it can “smell like a roadkill,” Coolie says. “Get a shovel or rake and move far away,” he suggests.
Are cicadas edible?
You bet There is also a cookbook from the University of Maryland. Start with a cicada dumpling appetizer, move to “El Chirper Tacos” and end with Raupp’s favorite cicada cookie, “Chocolate-Chip Trillers”.
“They have a buttery texture, delicious, nutty flavor, probably from tannins and from the roots of the trees they ate,” says Laup. “And they will be really good at Merlot.”
Are they being tracked?
Bug experts monitor bugs as they occur, but now you can.
Kritsky has a cicada safari app that allows people to track and report cicada sightings.
Have cicadas made history?
Brood X became so noisy that he almost drowned President Theodore Roosevelt, known for his vibrant voice, at the Arlington National Cemetery in 1902, says Kritsky.
In 1970, Bob Dylan received an honorary degree from Princeton University at the time of the advent of Brood X. It spurred him to write the song “Inago Day”.
Copyright © 2021 By AP communication. all rights reserved.
Cicada season: What are the insects in Brood X and why do they bug some people? Source link Cicada season: What are the insects in Brood X and why do they bug some people?