Rogelio V. Solis / AP
Civil rights activist Robert Paris Moses, who was shot in the 1960s when he led a black voter registration drive in the southern United States and later contributed to improving math minority education, died. He was 86 years old.
Widely known as Bob, Moses worked as Mississippi Field Director of the Student Nonviolent Coordination Commission during the civil rights movement to dismantle racism, and hundreds of students went to the South in 1964, ” It was the center of “Freedom Summer”. Register voters.
Moses launched “Chapter 2 of Civil Rights Activities” by establishing an algebraic project in 1982, thanks to the MacArthur Fellowship. The project included a curriculum developed by Moses to help struggling students succeed in mathematics.
Ben Moinihan, head of the algebra project, said he had spoken to Moses’ wife, Dr. Janet Moses, and said her husband had died in Hollywood, Florida, Sunday morning. No information was provided regarding the cause of death.
Moses was born on January 23, 1935 in Harlem, New York. This was two months after the riots killed three people and injured 60 in the neighborhood. His grandfather, William Henry Moses, was a prominent Southern Baptist preacher and supporter of Marcus Garvey, a leader in black nationalism at the turn of the century.
However, like many black families, the Moses family moved from south to north during the great move. Upon entering Harlem, his family sold milk from a black-owned co-operative to supplement their household income. Robert Paris Moses: Grassroots Civil Rights and Leadership Life, By Laura Visser-Maessen.
While attending Hamilton College in Clinton, New York, he became a Rhodes Scholar and was deeply influenced by the work of the French philosopher Albert Camus and his ideas of rationality and moral purity for social change. I did. Moses then took part in a Quaker-sponsored trip to Europe, consolidating his belief that change came from the bottom up before earning a master’s degree in philosophy from Harvard University.
Moses did not spend much time in the Deep South until he went on a recruitment trip to “see his movements” in 1960. He searched for Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Southern Christian Guidance Conference in Atlanta, but saw little activity in the office and immediately turned his attention to the SNCC.
“I was taught about denying the right to vote behind the Iron Curtain in Europe,” Moses later said. “I didn’t know that here in the United States the right to vote behind a cotton curtain has been denied.”
Young civil rights advocates sought to register a black man to vote in the rural Amite County of Mississippi, where he was beaten and arrested. When he tried to prosecute a white perpetrator, a white jury acquitted the man and the judge provided protection to the county border so that Moses could leave.
In 1963, while he and two other activists (James Travis and Randolph Blackwell) were driving in Greenwood, Mississippi, someone fired at them and the 20-year-old Travis was beaten. In a press release from the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, Moses explains how bullets flew around them and how Moses grabbed the handle when Travis was struck and stopped the car. did.
“We were all within a few inches of being killed,” Moses said in a 1963 press release.
A recurring theme in Moses’ life and work was the need for activists to listen to and cooperate with the locals who were trying to influence change. Students and teachers to come up with ways to improve their knowledge of math.
In an interview with the National Visionary Leadership Project, he talked about the need for civil rights workers to earn the trust of local residents in Mississippi in order to make a difference.
“Black Mississippi had to get the right to decide to work with you. If you’re a group of someone or someone who isn’t serious, why are they all to work with you? Need to endanger? “He said.
He later helped organize the Liberal Democratic Party of Mississippi and in 1964 sought to challenge the white Democratic delegation from Mississippi. Note.
Disillusioned with the liberal reaction of whites to the civil rights movement, Moses soon began taking part in protests against the Vietnam War, after which even former SNCC members cut off all relationships with whites.
Moses worked as a teacher in Tanzania, Africa, returned to Harvard to earn a PhD in philosophy, and taught high school mathematics in Cambridge, Massachusetts. He later taught mathematics in Jackson, Mississippi, and traveled to and from Massachusetts on weekends.
Preshy Moses used the money he received through the MacArthur Foundation Fellow Program (often referred to as the “Genius” grant) in 1982 to set up algebraic projects to improve the math literacy of underserved people. “Chapter 2 of Civil Rights Activities” has started. Algebraic project Ben Moynihan said Moses saw the work of improving math literacy as an extension of the civil rights activities he began in the 1960s.
“Bob really saw the issue of giving hope to young people through access to math literacy as a citizenship issue as important as voting rights,” Moynihan said.
Historian Taylor Brunch, Farewell to water Having won the Pulitzer Prize, Moses’ leadership embodied the paradox.
“Apart from Martin Luther King’s adult movement, which attracted similar worship among young people, Moses said that he originated from” ordinary people “and was inherited by it,” leadership. It represented a separate concept, “branch said.
Civil rights activist Bob Moses dies at age 86: NPR
Source link Civil rights activist Bob Moses dies at age 86: NPR