As global warming continues to worsen Climate change People around the world are forced to move to new areas to survive. Africa is expected to be one of the most vulnerable countries to climate change, and without immediate action, the situation will be very dire by 2050, with up to 86 million people leaving home. A new World Bank report has been found that must be done.
For this reason reportThe World Bank is an international development organization that lends money to countries to help improve living standards, especially in West Africa and the Lake Victoria basin on the continent, where millions of people live.
According to the report, the region has the least contribution to global warming, but is set to experience “the most devastating effects of climate change.”
The World Bank predicts that climate change “hotspots” in the region may begin within the next nine years, based on how climate change is handled and the socio-economic status of the region.
“Without concrete climate and development actions, West Africa could be forced to move as many as 32 million people to its own country by 2050.” Press release About the status of the report. “In countries in the Lake Victoria basin, that number can reach 38.5 million.”
Of the five countries that make up the Lake Victoria basin (Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi), Tanzania is the most affected by forced migration, with up to 16.6 million people affected, the report said. And in West Africa, Niger and Nigeria will see the most domestic climate migrants.
In addition to the more widely discussed impacts of climate change, such as droughts and rising sea levels, there are more subtle impacts... In many areas there are spikes in temperature, extreme weather events and land loss, while in others there are also water and food shortages, reduced agriculture, reduced ecosystem productivity and increased storm surges.
All of these factors make many areas uninhabitable and drive people to other areas that are more viable. But as people migrate to escape these vulnerable environments, other problems already experienced: poverty, conflict and violence will only get worse, the report said.
These regions of Africa are not the only ones facing this problem. Millions of people around the world will be forced to relocate at the same time. Another in SeptemberThe World Bank has warned that about 216 million people will move not only from these regions, but also from North Africa, Latin America, Eastern Europe, Central Asia, South Asia, East Asia and the Pacific.
The World Bank has released the latest findings.United Nations Climate Summit starting October 31st. There, we will discuss how well almost every country in the world has kept its promise to mitigate climate change.
As part of the Paris Climate Agreement, world leaders will implement policies and develop strategies to limit global warming to less than 2 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial levels. .. But if current policy doesn’t change, scientists say it will be 2.9 degrees Celsius.
To prevent the upcoming large-scale migration, the World Bank said the world must take swift, “bold and transformative” actions. If countries can do so, the magnitude of climate change can be reduced by 30% in the Lake Victoria region and by as much as 60% in West Africa, the report said.
At the forefront of these efforts, the World Bank said greenhouse gas emissions should be reduced to limit global warming. This is the promise of the Paris Agreement. Governments are also urged to develop resilient and comprehensive climate migration plans and invest in research and tools to prepare for the future. Finally, the World Bank said it must invest to help and encourage people to get sustainable “climate-friendly” jobs.
However, in some areas, the effects have already left people away.
About 10,000 peopleTo escape the effects of climate change. The area was blown up by two devastating Category 4 hurricanes, Eta and Jota, 15 miles apart in just two weeks. Nearly 600,000 people were evacuated and thousands of homes were completely destroyed by the storm.
The move to Mexico and the United States for help and opportunity has given disastrous warnings about what the future might look like without immediate government action on climate change.
Kayly Ober, senior advocate and program manager at Refugees International’s Climate Displacement Program, previously told CBS News that this type of catastrophic event and subsequent imminent migration would only increase.
“We need to recognize that the effects of climate change are already influencing today’s migration decisions and give mobiles access to safe and dignified routes in their own countries and abroad,” Over. Said in February. “… The effects of climate change will only increase in frequency and intensity, and we are worried that without proper support and policy intervention, people will have to make migration decisions difficult.”
Climate change could cause millions of Africans to begin being displaced within the next nine years, according to a World Bank report.
Source link Climate change could cause millions of Africans to begin being displaced within the next nine years, according to a World Bank report.