Las Vegas, Nevada 2021-10-18 07:59:00 –
(CNN)- Colin PowellThe first black U.S. Secretary of State, who helped some Republican leadership shape US foreign policy in the last years of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century, died of COVID-19 complications, he said. Family said on Facebook. He was 84 years old.
“Former US Secretary of State and Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Colin L. Powell, died this morning due to complications of COVID 19,” the Powells wrote on Facebook.
“We have lost a notable and affectionate husband, father, grandfather, and great American,” they said, saying he was completely vaccinated.
Powell is a prominent and pioneering professional soldier whose career has made him the first Black National Security Advisor from a combat mission in Vietnam to the end of President Ronald Reagan’s term, and Joint Chiefs of Staff under President George HW. He led to the youngest and first African-American chairman of the headquarters. Bush. His national popularity soared in the aftermath of the US-led coalition’s victory during the Gulf War, and for some time in the mid-’90s he was considered a key candidate to become the first black president of the United States. Was there. But as George W. Bush’s first Secretary of State, his reputation will be forever tainted when he imposes false information before the United Nations to advocate the war in Iraq.
He never bid for the White House, but when he took office as Secretary of State Bush in 2001, he became the highest-ranked black civil servant in the country and ranked fourth in the presidential succession. ..
“I think it shows the world what is possible in this country,” Powell said. Said About his historic nomination at the Senate confirmation hearing. “It shows the world that: If you follow our model and believe in the values you support for a period of time from the beginning, it’s as much as sitting in front of you and getting your approval. You can see miraculous things. “
Later in his public life, he was disillusioned with the Republican’s rightward plunge and used his political capital to help elect Democrats to the White House. motion.
This announcement was seen as a significant boost to Obama’s candidacy due to Powell’s widespread appeal and position as one of them. Most Prominent and Successful Black American In public life.
Powell is survived by his wife, Alma Vivian (Johnson) Powell, who married in 1962, and his three children.
Colin Luther Powell was born to a Jamaican immigrant in Harlem, New York on April 5, 1937. After growing up in South Bronx, Powell attended a school at City University of New York, where he attended ROTC, led a precision training team, and earned the top ranks offered by the Corps Cadets.
“I liked the structure and discipline of the army,” Powell said. His CNN profile in the early 2000s.. “I felt a little unique when I was wearing the uniform. It wasn’t very distinctive in other respects.”
After graduating in 1958, he joined the U.S. Army and then toured two times in South Vietnam in the 1960s, injuring him twice, including a helicopter crash that rescued two soldiers. After returning to Japan, he remained in the Army, attended the National War University, and demonstrated leadership. He was promoted to Brigadier General in 1979, appointed Reagan’s last National Security Adviser in 1987, and appointed by Elder Bush as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff in 1989.
Powell’s tenure in Elder Bush’s administration was involved in some of the most notable US military operations of the second half of the 20th century, including Operation Panama in 1989, the Gulf War in 1991, and the US humanitarian intervention in Somalia. Characterized by. Retirement From the army before the misery Battle of Mogadishu..
Powell was initially reluctant to involve US troops when Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990, but when the attack on Saddam Hussein’s troops finally arrived, he was the administration’s most credible spokesman. I became one of them.
“I’m going to cut it off first, and then we’re going to kill it,” Powell said famously, referring to the Iraqi army at a press conference at the time.
Following the assault, Powell became something National heroIn the first few years after the war, it enjoyed 71% of favor. His efforts during the war also awarded him two prominent awards. This is the Medal of Honor of the Parliament in March 1991.
When Elder Bush awarded Powell at the 1991 White House Ceremony, he always remembers the general’s “deep compassion for each of the thousands of men and women under (his) command.” Let’s do it. “
During Powell’s military era, which lasted until 1993, he also won many other notable awards, including the Bronze Star and two Purple Hearts. He received four stars in 1989 and became the second African-American to rise to that rank.
In addition to the Military Awards, Powell was awarded the Presidential Citizen’s Medal, the Secretary of State’s Medal of Merit, the Order of Energy’s Merit, and the Second Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Bill Clinton. ..
Top diplomats in times of turbulence
With a prominent national profile, Powell emerged as a potential presidential candidate in the 1996 elections. However, in a long-awaited decision, he refused to participate in the race because of his lack of “passion” for electoral politics.
“Such a life requires a call that I haven’t heard yet,” he said. Told reporters in 1995.. “And otherwise I wouldn’t be honest with Americans if I pretended not to be honest with myself.”
Powell was again encouraged to run for the 2000 presidential election, but refused to ask him to start bidding. He instead favored George W. Bush, speech At the Republican National Convention, the then Governor of Texas insisted that it “helps close our racial disparity.”
He is in bush First cabinet selection When he was announced as the Secretary of State’s 43rd Presidential Nomination, and with him Expertise He was unanimously confirmed by the Senate in foreign policy and widespread popularity.
He shared Bush’s reluctance to project military force around the world, a view that was quickly replaced by the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. As Bush’s chief diplomat, he was tasked with building international support for the war on terrorism, including the war in Afghanistan. But it was his involvement in promoting a regime seeking intervention in Iraq over many concerns of America’s long-standing allies, whose tenure in the state would be best known.
In February 2003, Powell speech Before the United Nations, where he presented evidence that US intelligence said, Iraq proved that it misleaded inspectors and hid weapons of mass destruction.
“There is no doubt,” Powell said. warning, “Saddam Hussein has a biological weapon and has the ability to produce more creatures quickly.”
However, inspectors later did not discover such weapons in Iraq, and two years after Powell’s UN speech, a government report stated that intelligence agencies were “complete” in assessing Iraq’s weapons of mass destruction before the U.S. invasion. Was wrong. “
But the damage had already happened-both in Iraq, where the United States went to war just six weeks after Powell’s speech, and in the reputation of a once very popular politician. Reportedly Before the UN speech, then Vice President Dick Cheney said: “You have a high reputation in polls; you can afford to lose some points.”
Powell, who left the State Department in early 2005 after submitting his resignation to Bush last year, later called his UN speech a forever “stain” in his record.
“I regret it now because the information was wrong, of course,” he said. Said 2010 CNN Larry King. “But I am always considered the person who filed the proceedings in front of the international community.”
“I have shaken public opinion, and there is no doubt about it,” he added, noting how his speech influenced public support for the aggression.
In his 2012 memoir “It worked for me,” Powell acknowledged the speech again, and his explanation for it in the book is likely to be the last one he made public. I wrote.
“I’m almost angry with myself because I didn’t smell the problem. My instinct made me fail,” he wrote. “It was by no means my first, but it was one of my most serious failures and had the most widespread impact.”
“This event will win a prominent paragraph in my death article,” Powell wrote.
After leaving the Bush administration, Powell returned to his private life.he I participated In 2005, the well-known venture capital firm Kleiner Perkins worked as a strategic advisor until his death. For a while, he gave a speech, “Motivate!” A business seminar, and he wrote a memoir of 2012.
Powell spent most of his time as a civil servant in the Republican administration, but later in his life he supported the Democratic presidential candidate and severely criticized the Republican’s top leaders.
By 2008, the coveted president of the long-standing Republican Party Approval He went to another party when he announced his support for Obama’s White House bid. At the time, he advertised Obama’s “inspiring ability” and “inclusive nature of his campaign,” and criticized Republican presidential candidate John McCain’s campaign against Senator Illinois as “inappropriate.” He was later appointed Honorary Co-Chair of President Obama’s inauguration and approved him again in 2012.
Powell voted for Hillary Clinton over Donald Trump in 2016. Donald Trump has strongly accused him of “domestic shame and international paria.”
In the unusual move of the year, three Washington presidential electors Decision vote Powell, not Clinton, was fined a state later upheld by the Supreme Court.
He snubbed Trump again in 2020 during the president’s second campaign, Presentation In June of that year, he supported Joe Biden while blasting President Trump.
“We have a constitution, and we have to obey it, and the president drifted away from it.” He told CNN“We can never support President Trump this year,” he added. The retired general later addressed Biden at the Democratic National Convention.
And after Trump caused a deadly riot in the US Capitol in early January 2021, Powell told CNN that he was no longer considered a Republican.
“I can no longer call myself a Republican. I’m not a companion at the moment,” he told CNN’s Fareed Zakaria on “GPS.” “I’m a citizen who voted for Republicans and Democrats throughout my career, and now I’m just looking at my country and not interested in political parties.”
The-CNN-Wire ™ & © 2021 Cable News Network, Inc., Warner Media Company. all rights reserved.