Tech

Counterintelligence focuses on five technologies essential to US domination

Washington — The U.S.’s top counterintelligence officials focus their teams on protecting five key technologies, including semiconductors and biotechnology, and whether protection from rivals continues to make the United States the world’s leading superpower. He said he expects to decide.

Michael Orlando, Deputy Director of the National Counterintelligence and Security Center, will be in business and academia on Thursday Extensive efforts by China and Russia Collect cutting-edge research.

The five technologies identified by Orlando include artificial intelligence, quantum computing, and autonomous systems such as submarine drones and robots capable of performing surgery. This sector is often portrayed by scientists and researchers as a future driver of economic growth and military domination.

Michael Orlando, acting director of the National Counterintelligence and Security Center, said the United States could fall into a solar eclipse if it loses its advantage in certain areas.


Photo:

Director of National Intelligence

Orlando, Who took office in January After serving as Deputy Director, he said in a media briefing that losing leadership in these areas could lead to the existence of the United States. Solar eclipse as a superpower in the world..

A narrower focus shows coordination, not deviations from full-scale counterintelligence efforts initiated under the Trump administration to prevent the theft and transfer of US technology, research, and other proprietary information to China. There seems to be.

In this initiative, counterintelligence officials fanned out to universities and businesses to discuss a wide range of areas identified as Beijing-dominated areas and the US-China competition for next-generation wireless technology known as 5G. Citizens’ freedom and academic societies have criticized some of their efforts to create an environment of suspicion that blames Chinese and other Asians.

Mr Orlando said before his remarks by clarifying that when he talks about China and Russia, he refers to the activities of their government rather than their people. He also said he did not advocate total separation from the Chinese economy and recognizes the importance of attracting foreign talent, including students, to the United States to compete in these five areas. rice field.

Semiconductors are one of five technologies that are considered the key to maintaining an advantage.Semiconductor facility in Malta, NY


Photo:

Adam Grantsman / Bloomberg News

He said it was impractical for counterintelligence centers to see such a wide range of fields. Chinese corporate threat Huawei Technologies Co, which dominates 5G. Has already been emphasized.

As part of that new priority, the Counterintelligence Center has appointed Edward You, a career FBI agent and biological threat expert, to focus on newly created new disruptive technologies. bottom. You said Thursday that your goal is to raise awareness that China’s efforts to develop the world’s largest dataset of genetic and other biological information pose a threat that goes beyond personal privacy issues. ..

Chinese companies like

BGI group

You said that the Chinese government, which has continued to collect global biological data by providing genetic testing services, has effectively suspended access to its citizens’ data. “It’s a one-way street,” he said.

A BGI spokesman accused the United States of disinformation, saying that the company protects all data in compliance with international standards and regional regulations, and that the company has nothing to do with the Chinese government. rice field.

The new priorities of the Counterintelligence Center, which belongs to the Director of National Intelligence of the Intelligence, are consistent with the report issued last year by the House Military Commission Group and the House Intelligence Commission. These reports urged the Ministry of Defense to rethink national security, including investments in artificial intelligence, quantum computing, and biotechnology, and intelligence agencies “change geopolitics and technology increasingly shaped by the rising China. He said he needed to adapt to the “technical environment.”

Mr. Orlando and you pointed out a long list of examples of legal and illegal attempts by China to strengthen China’s capabilities in five key technologies. Among them, they said, the acquisition of biological facilities and chip companies around the world by Chinese companies and the theft of self-driving car technology led to the prosecution of a small number of people.

Authorities quoted this year’s announcement in China

WuXi Biologics

With the Bayer manufacturing plant in Germany

Pfizer

Factory in China, and

WuXi AppTec

A unit that was building a factory in Delaware.

A representative of WuXi Biologics said that the facility is being built or acquired according to customer demand and that the project will be supported by local governments and communities. Representatives said the company’s global bio-manufacturing capacity is expected to account for less than 5% of its global capacity by 2024.

A WuXi AppTec representative said the Delaware facility is under construction to better serve customers and patients, bringing 500 jobs to the area.

U.S. officials also warned of the risks of participating in foreign government-sponsored recruitment programs, citing what they consider to be a problem with the Russian-China partnership at U.S. universities. The numerous indictments over the past two years have involved US-based researchers adopted by a plan backed by the Chinese government that provides generous benefits.

Scrutiny has turned U.S.-China cooperation in academia into a lightning rod, and some scientists have been accused of lying about being funded by the Chinese government, and have visited Chinese researchers to work with the Chinese military. Claimed that the relationship was hidden. Some of those charges have collapsed..

Mr. Orlando and you did not insist on a ban on US-China research cooperation, but said that you want people to be fully aware of the risks.

Huawei is losing its advantage in the smartphone business as Chinese tech giants are dealing with a global chip shortage and US sanctions that have separated the company from 5G technology. WSJ reporter Dan Strumpf explains why it led to Huawei’s current challenges. Photo: AFP via Getty Images

Write in Kate O’Keefe kathryn.okeeffe@wsj.com

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Counterintelligence focuses on five technologies essential to US domination

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