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Covid-19 Racial Disparity: Multigenerational households may partially explain why Bangladesh and Pakistani communities were disproportionately affected by the second wave of the UK

British people in Bangladesh or Pakistan’s heritage are more likely to live in households, including school children and people over the age of 70. This may explain why people with these backgrounds are more likely to die of covid-19 during the second wave of the country.


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December 3, 2021

Vaccinations are being carried out at the Pakistan Community Center in Derby in April 2021

Nathan Stark / Getty Images

People in the heritage of Bangladesh and Pakistan in the United Kingdom were infected with the coronavirus and were more likely to die of covid-19 during the second wave of the country. This is because they are more likely to live in multi-generational households. Findings suggest that school-borne infections can have disproportionate effects on some ethnic minority groups.

New data, Published today in a UK Government report on ethnic health inequality during a pandemicIs three times more likely that people over the age of 65 in Bangladesh’s heritage of England and Wales caught the coronavirus between September 12, 2020 and March 31, 2021 than whites of the same age group. It suggests that it is high. People aged 65 and over in Pakistan’s heritage were 2.5 times more likely to be infected during this period than whites aged 65 and over.

Bangladesh and Pakistani heritage people in England and Wales died in covid-19 at all ages, 5 and 4.1 times higher than whites, respectively, during the second wave.

“Looking at the second wave, there is a clear gradient that ethnic groups were most affected by the proportion of groups living in multi-generational households,” said the lead author of the report. Ragib Ali.. “Bangladeshis are the worst, then Pakistanis, then Indians, and then black Africans.”

A multi-generational household is defined as a household with at least one person under the age of 19, at least one person between the ages of 20 and 69, and at least one person over the age of 70. About 56% of British Bangladesh heritage households are multi-generational, while only about 1.5% of white households are multi-generational. About 35 percent of Pakistan’s heritage households are multigenerational.

Living in a multi-generational household seems to have had a relatively small impact during the first pandemic wave in Britain. “But now it turns out that this is probably due to the school being closed,” Ali says. In the first wave of the pandemic, schools in the UK almost switched to distance learning in March 2020 and did not fully resume until September. Then, in December 2020, attendance at face-to-face schools in the UK declined again, and most children continued distance education until March 2021. This means that most kids went to school for a few months in the second wave, but not in the first wave.

Yize Wan at Queen Mary University of London He says that living in a multi-generational household has many reasons to increase the impact of covid-19. “For example, infections in confined spaces increase, making self-isolation difficult, as well as infections to individuals who may be at increased risk due to age and other chronic health conditions. “She says.

Until recently, Ali says there was a lack of data on multi-generational life. “Currently, there are data showing that multi-generational households also suffer the most from the flu,” he says. “But this data was released only last year.”

Another problem is that the early pandemic decisions were based on 2011 census data, Ali says. “This meant that families who subsequently had children and lived with older relatives were not considered multi-generational.”

Ali says it’s hard to know what could have been different during the second wave to protect multi-generational households. “I think the targeted approach to getting the kids back to school didn’t work,” he says. Azeem Majeed at Imperial College London.. “This would exclude children from minority groups from education, which in itself has a negative impact. The government could have done more to reduce the risk of infection in schools. . “

Renee Luthra of the University of Essex, UK In retrospect, the more targeted vaccine approach was probably more effective. “Accelerating access to vaccines for school-aged children living with vulnerable household members is one such possibility,” she says.

“Especially in the new Omicron variants, decision makers reduce the risks faced by black and ethnic minority communities by working on fully funded cross-sectoral strategies to reduce health inequality. We must act urgently to do this, “says a spokesman for racial equality charity. Runny Maid Trust..

“Our priority throughout the pandemic was to receive as much face-to-face education as possible, in line with scientific and expert advice, as children are the best place for growth and well-being.” Said a spokeswoman for the Ministry of Education. New Scientist.. “We have a balance of safeguards to reduce the risk of viruses, including groups of different ethnicities and races, while at the same time reducing the harm caused by children who miss face-to-face education. I confirmed. “

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Covid-19 Racial Disparity: Multigenerational households may partially explain why Bangladesh and Pakistani communities were disproportionately affected by the second wave of the UK

Source link Covid-19 Racial Disparity: Multigenerational households may partially explain why Bangladesh and Pakistani communities were disproportionately affected by the second wave of the UK

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