In Europe and elsewhere in the world, vaccinations associated with Covid-19 are on the rise and mortality rates are declining, so many are planning to travel after this summer.But experts say it’s circulating rapidly Delta variant This is a new concern for travelers, especially those who have not been vaccinated.
The· European Union said on June 18 The United States has been added to the country’s “safe list”, and even unvaccinated visitors from the United States (who can provide evidence of negative coronavirus testing) enter 27 member states for unnecessary travel. It’s a decision to be able to. However, these countries can impose their own restrictions and requirements on entry.
EU decision by US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to delta variant of coronavirus “Variant of concern” It spreads faster than previous viruses and can have serious consequences for people.
If you’re wondering how variations affect your travel plans, here’s everything you need to know before booking a flight.
Where are the delta variants spread?
So far, the first variants identified in India have spread to more than 80 countries as of June 16. According to the World Health Organization.. At a press conference on June 10, WHO’s European Regional Director, Dr. Hans Kluge, said the variant was “ready to settle” in Europe.
Jennifer Nuzzo, an epidemiologist at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, said this would probably be the case in other countries as well.
“It’s quite likely that you’ll be out and encounter Delta variants in the United States, Europe, or elsewhere in the world this summer,” she said.
Dr. Ashish Jha, Dean of the Faculty of Public Health at Brown University, said the delta mutant now accounts for 6-10% of US cases and will probably become the predominant strain in the US by August. I added that. ..
“You don’t have to worry about delta mutants,” said Dr. Jha, especially if you are completely vaccinated with a double-dose vaccine.
Millions of Americans receive either the Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna vaccine. Both are two-dose vaccines.Research shows If you encounter mutants, their effectiveness will be slightly reduced...
“Vaccinated people are still very successful with this variant,” said Dr. Jha. “But you really need to have both doses of your vaccine because it requires a high degree of immunity to get rid of.”
Where can I find out about vaccinations and infection rates where I want to travel?
Use information from collected government sources According to Our World in Data project At Oxford University, the New York Times Global vaccination tracking, Shows the percentage of people vaccinated in each country.
You can also refer online to the website of the National Health Insurance Department of the country you plan to visit for more specific data.
Unequal access to vaccines around the world means that poor countries are not well protected, and cases continue to grow in parts of South America, Southeast Asia and Africa. by WHO, 75 percent of vaccine doses went to only 10 countries.
Dr. Jha said it is important to look not only at national immunization rates, but also at the vaccines used there. Brazil, Turkey and other countries use one or both of the two major vaccines manufactured by Chinese companies to inoculate their citizens.
“For example, there is no data that Chinese vaccines are generally very good, especially around the Delta variant,” said Dr. Jha.
I am completely vaccinated. What does it mean if I travel to a place with a low number of vaccinations?
Recent research According to the CDC, Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna vaccines reduce the risk of transmission by all forms of the virus in fully vaccinated people by 91%.Johnson & Johnson single dose vaccine is about 66% valid For infection prevention.
“Did you complete it? No,” said Dr. Nuzzo. “But is that pretty good in terms of personal relaxation? Yes.”
It is possible that the vaccinated person is still infected, but she said that such cases are very rare and the infection is unlikely to cause illness. “If the vaccine does a good job of staying symptomatic, it’s very unlikely that it will spread,” she added, because people with symptoms are more likely to spread the virus.
If you want to further increase your chances of getting infected, we recommend that you continue to adhere to safety protocols such as wearing masks, increasing social distance, and avoiding crowded and poorly ventilated indoor spaces.
Even if you are vaccinated, you should be careful if your immune system is weakened due to your medical condition or taking certain medicines. She said you may not be completely protected.
What if I’m not vaccinated?
“If you’re an unvaccinated person, I think it’s far more dangerous to your travel prospects,” said Dr. Nuzzo. “I do not advise people traveling in times when these infections are widespread, not only more contagious, but also perhaps more serious forms of the virus.”
Dr. Jha adds that the “easy answer” to protect yourself as a traveler is to get vaccinated. This makes him much less likely to encounter the delta virus, he said.
“But if you’re with unvaccinated or unvaccinated people, it actually poses a considerable risk,” he said.
He adds that travelers can protect themselves with other safety measures, such as wearing masks and keeping them at a social distance.
Dr. Nuzzo proposes to consider vaccination and safety measures as different layers of protection against the virus. “Each layer adds something,” she said. “Vaccination is the thickest protective layer against all forms of virus.”
How about my child?
If your child is over 12 years old, get vaccinated, Dr. Jha said. However, for children under the age of 12 who are not yet vaccinated in the United States, he proposes to continue to follow the rules of masking and social distance. He also said that vaccination yourself can help protect your child.
“The only thing we can do to protect children under the age of 12 is to make sure that everyone around us and all adults are vaccinated,” he said. It was. “There is very good evidence that vaccination of adults reduces the number of infections in children.”
He said he plans to travel with the children this summer, one of whom is too young to be vaccinated.
Dr. Nuzzo, who has two unvaccinated young children, said he would do so. “We are at the stage where we have to measure all the risks and benefits we take,” she said. “Everyone intends to do those calculations differently.”
How do variants affect travel restrictions?
When the first version of the coronavirus swept the globe last spring, much of the world crouched, restricted domestic movements, and many countries closed their borders to unnecessary travel.
Many countries are now open, but concerns remain about viruses, especially the Delta variant. Some countries have made certain changes to their immigration decisions due to variants, while others have ordered an emergency lockdown.
June 18 Italian Minister of Health The country said it would Requires mandatory 5 days of quarantine and testing Even if vaccinated, there are concerns about delta mutants for people from the UK. We have also extended the ban on arrivals from India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.
On the same day, Portugal ordered a weekend blockade in the Lisboa Region as a way to curb the proliferation of virus cases. About half of the reported cases come from delta mutations..
The rules regarding testing and requirements for entry into other countries are evolving and can change rapidly from one day to the next. Please check the requirements of your destination country before booking your flight. Also, make sure you follow the latest rules the day before your trip.
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Delta Variant: What You Need to Know For a Summer Trip
Source link Delta Variant: What You Need to Know For a Summer Trip