Did the assault weapons ban of 1994 bring down mass shootings? Here’s what the data tells us – Portland, Oregon

Portland, Oregon 2022-06-12 11:02:04 –

((((conversation) – A series of attention Mass shootings in the United States There are growing calls for consideration to impose on Congress Prohibition of so-called assault weapons – Covers the types of guns used in both these days Buffalo grocery attack and it is Uvalde Elementary School, Texas..

Such bans have been in place for some time.As President Joe Biden Said in his speech on June 2, 2022 Almost thirty years ago, bipartisan support in Congress to combat gun violence helped promote a ban on federal offensive weapons in 1994. Violent Crime Control Law and Law Enforcement Law..

The ban was limited – it covered only certain categories of semi-automatic firearms like the AR-15, and only after the law was signed, the ban applied to the sale, and people before that day. I was able to hold the purchased weapon. And it is also the so-called “Sunset provisionAllowed the ban to expire in 2004.

Nonetheless, the 10-year lifespan of the ban had a clear start and end date, and what happened to researchers in mass shootings before, during, and after the ban was enforced. Gives you the opportunity to compare. Our group of injury epidemiologists and trauma surgeons did just that. In 2019, we published a population-based survey Data analysis To assess the impact of the federal government’s ban on offensive weapons on mass shootings Defined by the FBI As a shooting with four or more dead, not including the marksman. The data shows:

Before the 1994 ban:

From 1981, the first year of the analysis, to the ban on assault rifles in 1994, the proportion of deaths in mass shootings in which assault rifles were used was lower than it is today.

However, in this early period, the number of deaths from mass shootings was steadily increasing. Indeed, high-profile mass shootings, including assault rifles – Killed five children in Stockton, California in 1989 When 1993 San Francisco office attack Eight victims died – Provided propulsion Behind the move to ban some types of guns.

During the 1994-2004 ban:

In the years since the ban on offensive weapons came into effect, the number of deaths from mass shootings has declined and the annual increase in the number of incidents has slowed. Including 1999 Columbine High School Massacre – The most deadly mass shootings during the ban – between 1994 and 2004, the average annual rate of both mass shootings and deaths from such incidents was lower than before the ban began.

Since 2004:

Data show that mass shooting deaths have increased almost immediately and rapidly in the years following the end of the ban on offensive weapons in 2004.

Dividing the data from 2004 to 2017, the last year of the analysis, into absolute numbers, the average annual death toll from mass shootings was 25, compared to 5.3 during the 10-year ban. For the next few years, there were 7.2 people. Until the ban on assault weapons.

Save the lives of hundreds of people

The risk of Americans dying in mass shootings was calculated to be 70% lower during the period when the ban on offensive weapons was in effect. The overall percentage of mass shootings caused by mass shootings has also decreased, and the number of mass shooting-related deaths per 10,000 deaths from mass shootings has decreased by nine.

Taking into account population trends, the model created based on this data is based on 448 mass shootings if a federal attack weapons ban was implemented for the entire period of the investigation, 1981-2017. It suggests that it may have prevented 314 of them. Mass shootings that occurred during an unbanned year.

And this arguably underestimates the total number of lives that can be saved. In our investigation, we chose to include only mass shootings reported and agreed by all three selected data sources. Los Angeles Times, Stanford UniversityWhen Mother Jones Magazine..

In addition, for unity, we chose to use the strict federal definition of assault weapons. This may not include the full range of what many people currently consider to be assault weapons.

Cause or correlation?

Our analysis also reveals that the 1994 ban on offensive weapons caused a reduction in mass shootings, and that its expiration in 2004 led to an increase in fatal incidents over the next few years. It is also important to note that you cannot say to.

Many additional factors could contribute to the changing frequency of these shootings, including changing domestic violence rates, political extremism, mental illness, spikes in firearm availability and sales, and a recent increase in hatred groups. I have.

Nevertheless, according to our study, of President Biden Claim the rate of mass shootings During the duration of the attack, after the law was allowed to expire in 2004, the weapons ban “decreased” only to rise again applies.

As the United States is looking to resolve the mass shooting epidemic, it concludes that reinstatement of the ban on offensive weapons will have a significant impact, especially given the 18-year sales growth allowed by Americans. It’s difficult to put on. Purchase and stockpile such weapons.However, considering that many of the mass shootings that have been attracting attention in recent years have purchased weapons. Less than a year Before doing their actEvidence suggests that it is possible.

Did the assault weapons ban of 1994 bring down mass shootings? Here’s what the data tells us Source link Did the assault weapons ban of 1994 bring down mass shootings? Here’s what the data tells us

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