Honolulu, Hawaii 2021-06-11 08:38:41 –
The PTI government has fallen behind the proposed digital regulation draft after strong protests by a community of media and journalists seeking a struggle to maintain free speech. The government was thinking of some restrictions on social media content, but mainstream journalists firmly believe that electronic media is already over-regulated and will not allow such restrictions. I am determined.
But how far does the government have the right to impose curbs and how far must it go to maintain constitutional safeguards such as freedom of speech? Are you aware of the new challenges that come with the emergence of evolving cyberspace?
The debate is more relevant in the broader context of the new reality: exponential growth of net usage, impact on consumers, especially young people, the power of international media platforms, and hackers, terrorists, and dark publicity. Abuse of cyberspace by home In the world since Covid-19.
In terms of internet usage, Covid-19 is becoming more dependent on the internet as a means of service from education, communication, diplomacy, trade, takeaway to home shopping. Staying home to avoid the Covid-19 contraction dramatically reduced the physical and social space, spreading virtual interactions and communications.
The degree of digitization in Pakistani society is generally measured from these figures. As of April 2021, Pakistan has almost 50% of Internet users, which means about 100 million citizens and 70% of consumers are young people. Not just bad news. The good news is that young people have the desire, exposure, and new avenues to explore opportunities in their lives through the internet. The bad news is that they are also exposed to dark publicity, twisted stories, influences, and ominous content that target their innocent minds to sign up on a particular agenda.
As cyberspace is a new territory, the state lacks digital sovereignty, and as a result, it has serious implications in many ways. In addition, a 2-year-old child can see cartoons that are equally tagged with other messages. Then there’s the bomb-making manual and all sorts of terrorist activities that you can perform as a lone wolf warrior. On the other hand, various chat rooms can be encouraged to absorb and respond to dark advertisements. For example, the rise of ISIS in Syria and Iraq gained momentum and adoption in the Western world due to net-based propaganda, its influence, and information operations.
In the Pakistani context, virtual worlds pose new challenges, especially for Balochistan youth, as they influence the consumption and publicity of all kinds of information, extremist and terrorist costumes. Balochistan has about 70 percent of young people under the age of 22. They have keyboards and worldwide time, but they can hardly tell what is valid information and what is dark publicity.
The influence of militant operations and their sponsors through dozens of websites and servers (mainly operating outside India) underscores the vulnerability of young people to access their malicious activities from story buildings. Pakistan insists on a terrorist attack on a bomb.
To make matters worse, the manipulation of Balochistan youth through social media is an art that only exacerbates the prejudices, stereotypes and misunderstandings of Pakistan and Balochistan’s future aspirations through CPEC and its development trajectory. It is very important that the authorities invest in digitized projects to attract Balochistan youth, refute the militants and see what is happening through social media.
At the national level, the net platform is a digital window that provides an interface between individuals and nations, and between society and nations, so there needs to be a legitimate and much larger debate about what restrictions and regulations to put in place. There is. Who submits “good” for the nation and society and who should decide.
Learning from Western experience, hackers, cyber-schemedists, and dark proponents have already undermined digital sovereignty in developed countries such as the United States, Great Britain, and Russia.
Here are some recent examples of how real-world digital threats are unfolding as a bigger problem for developed countries: Recently, non-state actors have attacked a gas pipeline called the Colonial Pipeline in the United States, blocking supply to the entire East Coast. More recently, ransomware (digital blackmail and monetary blackmail from corporate hacks) and cyberattacks have targeted financial markets, schools, hospitals and other government networks, including recruitment, terrorism and other anti-national criminal activity. Influencing business for a variety of purposes. ..
Another example is the ability of private giants such as Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter to suspend individual accounts in the name of submitting Twitter to Indian IT law (suspending President Trump’s account in the name of checking hate speech). Shows the range of power, a) the influence of global social media giants, and b) the limits of freedom of speech.
Interestingly, India has banned Chinese apps such as TikTalk and WeChat. Most European countries, including the United Kingdom and France, have banned Hawaii 5G. China has threatened to ban two EU companies like Ericsson and Samsung, but already has its own versions of FB, Twitter and Whatsapp. The above example has brought to the fore the new debate of de facto corporate sovereignty and state digital sovereignty.
Lessons Learned: Pakistan also needs to move from analog sovereignty to digital sovereignty. This includes controlling and directing chaotic content, software development, and corporate power. It does not mean a one-point extrapolation of digital sovereignty with full border control, but directs the speed of the enterprise and the content of the digital social space so as not to threaten the integrity and holiness of the state and society. Means a nation that regulates.
The problem facing Pakistan is that we as a whole have not yet evolved strategic coherence on the challenges of digital threats.
Elites from the media to justice and policymaking have digital sovereignty by regulating the boundaries of cyberspace and imposing restrictions on all content that needs to develop the ability to counter virtual threats to digital systems and society. You need to be aware of compelling cases to claim in general.
Rather than sticking to old-fashioned laws and principles aimed at addressing the challenges of the bygone, state claims for regulated digital platforms and content, and not absolutely absolute, are already covered. It needs to be balanced with the obligation of freedom of speech. The limit even in Western society.
Now that the board of directors of individuals and large corporations decide what to say and how to say it, they decide where they are subject to the laws of sovereign states. This should be the country’s first baseline.
Recent debates about freedom of speech and chaotic content on social media platforms need to be understood and widely discussed to draw a line between where states can regulate and how far they should go for that perception. There is. The limits of freedom of speech for us to meet the new de facto real challenges of the virtual world.
Newspaper: News (Writer: Jan Achakzai)
Digital sovereignty vs freedom of speech Source link Digital sovereignty vs freedom of speech