Children aged 12 can now be vaccinated with the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine, but some parents are hesitant to vaccinate their children. Parents may be worried about giving their 12-year-old child an unapproved vaccine. So I asked a doctor who specializes in infectious diseases in children a question that many parents are wondering about. Should a 12 year old child be vaccinated with COVID-19?
The answer from the experts is certainly yes. Dr. Aaron Milstone, a pediatric infectious disease specialist at the Johns Hopkins Children’s Center in Baltimore, said: .. “This is because one is the best way to protect yourself from this infection and the other is the best way to protect your community from the spread of the virus.”
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Recommended People over the age of 12 will be vaccinated with the COVID-19 vaccine. American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). surely, CDC recently urged After reports of increased hospitalization in this age group in March and April, parents advised teens to be vaccinated.
“At some point, parents need to decide if they want their children to be vaccinated or if they want their children to be vaccinated with COVID,” Milstone said. “Some people may be nervous and anxious. As more children are safely vaccinated, they can rest assured that this is a safer approach than risking complications from the infection itself.”
On May 10, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) extended the Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for the use of the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine in children aged 12 to 15 years. Previously reported live scienceThe FDA had already approved the EUA on December 11, 2020 to use the same vaccine for people over the age of 16.
According to a phase 3 clinical trial of 2,260 participants, the vaccine was 100% effective in preventing COVID-19 aged 12 to 15 years, and the results were announced on May 27. New England Journal of MedicineAbout half of the participants were vaccinated and half were placebo. There were no confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the vaccinated participants, and 18 in the placebo-treated participants.
Vaccines also have a “favorable safety and side effect profile,” the authors wrote in their study. None of the vaccinated individuals who participated in the study had any serious vaccine-related adverse events. further, statement Regarding the EUA, the FDA said it determined that the benefits of the vaccine for children over the age of 12 outweighed the “known potential risks of supporting the use of the vaccine in this population.”
Benefits of vaccination
Severe COVID-19 is rare in children, but it does not mean that COVID-19 does not affect children. By the end of April, more than 3.7 million COVID-19 cases had occurred in children in the United States, 15,456 children with COVID-19 were hospitalized, and 303 children with COVID-19 died. report According to AAP and Children’s Hospital Association. Many of these hospitalizations involve intensive care, added Dr. Yvonne Maldonado, chair of the AAP Infectious Diseases Commission and head of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Division at Stanford University School of Medicine.
“We believe that it is really important to be vaccinated to protect our children and to protect the people in the area where they live from being infected. Therefore, children. It’s important for both the interests of the community and the interests of the community. ” Maldonado, who is also one of the researchers in the Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine trial in children under the age of 12, said.
Another reason for vaccination is protection against the long-term effects of COVID-19, which has not yet been determined, Milstone said. An example of long-term results already observed is Pediatric Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome (MIS-C), 1-2 months after infection with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. It can later develop in children. , He said. MIS-C is characterized by inflammation of multiple organs. Previously reported live science..
“I don’t know if there are other late effects of this virus that just appeared a year and a half ago,” Milstone said. “So for now, I think the surest way to protect yourself is to get vaccinated.”
In addition, vaccination provides children with the opportunity to do many of their activities without wearing a mask. “Social interests are important,” says Maldonado, new Mask guidelines According to the CDC, vaccinated people can go without a mask in most situations. “And it’s really helpful for children to have that opportunity,” Maldonado said.
“Millions of children”
CDC director Rochelle Walensky said on May 18 that 600,000 children in that age group would be the first within a week of the FDA’s approval of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine for children aged 12 to 15 years. He said he was vaccinated. Reuters reportedAs of that day, 4 million people under the age of 17 had been vaccinated, Warensky said.
“Hopefully, the fact that millions of children in the United States have safely obtained these vaccines will reassure people that this is safe for their children,” Milstone said. I did.
In the survey reported in Kaiser Family Foundation May Vaccine MonitorForty-one percent of parents of children aged 12 to 17 say that their child has been vaccinated at least once or immediately.
However, not all parents want their children to be vaccinated. In the same survey, 14% of parents said they would only vaccinate their children when the school needed them, and another 20% said they would “never” vaccinate children aged 12 to 17 years. Said. Many parents said they were worried about the side effects of the vaccine.
Side effects and risks
According to the FDA’s statement on the EUA, the most common side effects of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine in children aged 12 to 15 years are “malaise, headache, chills, muscle aches, fever, and joint pain.” According to the statement, these side effects are similar to those reported by vaccinated people over the age of 16.
May 17 statement, CDC said it was investigating several cases of myocarditis (heart Inflammation), mainly in adolescence, within 4 days after vaccination Previously reported live scienceAnd recently, data from the US Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) show the number of cases of myocardial inflammation in adolescents and young adults aged 16 to 24 years within a month of receiving a second injection of Pfizer or Moderna. Showed that there were more than expected. According to the vaccine CDC Advisory Committee on Immunization Implementation (ACIP)According to ACIP, researchers will continue to monitor this association as more young people are vaccinated to determine if the vaccine is really the cause of these myocarditis. According to Milstone, it is important to determine if there are actually more cases among vaccinated people. Only then does it make sense to attribute heart inflammation to the COVID-19 vaccine.
Given the high number of COVID-19 infections, hospitalizations and deaths in children, “the benefits of the vaccine outweigh the risks, and if people are worried about myocarditis, the CDC and others still have a potential relationship. I’m investigating, but if there’s a relationship, it’s rare. ” Of the millions of vaccinations given to people under the age of 18, there were only a few cases of heart inflammation. She said these cases were mild and resolved quickly.
Currently, the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine is the only COVID-19 vaccine approved for use in people under the age of 18.But Moderna announced on May 25th statement The vaccine is safe and effective for children aged 12 to 17 years, based on the results of Phase 2/3 clinical trials, and data will be submitted to the FDA in June.
Initially published Live science..
Do 12 year olds need to be vaccinated with COVID-19?
Source link Do 12 year olds need to be vaccinated with COVID-19?