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Do you think being a transformer is a “trend”?Think of these 18th century “female husbands” | Gabriel Belot

WEven if the subject of transgender identity is taken up today, conservative politicians, perhaps in the United States, tend to eliminate the particularly suspicious argument that the idea of ​​transgender is a “new” concept and a concept. there is. “Nobody” in their right mind would have never heard or enjoyed it in the previous era.

In the most extreme cases, this debate is a unique formulation of things from social media, educated by high-paying gender studies professors, or an excess of substances that may alter hormones such as soybeans and esoteric chemicals. It suggests that it is due to existence, in our diet. Non-binary identities are especially confusing to conservatives.

Of course, this is ridiculous given the fact that people who violated gender norms in a remarkable and consistent way, and who may have been identified as transgender today, existed throughout human history. ..

For example, in the 18th century, a British landlord was surprised that one of the tenants, who long thought she was a married man in a swashbuckler, could be something else, at least in her eyes. Imagine you noticed that there is. Overall.

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“You are considered to be of a different gender than it looks, and you know how exaggerated a woman is to be a man,” the landlord declared. “If you are a woman, you must be a woman. It can’t be helped.”

Samuel Bandy, the subject of this Jeremiah, tried to come up with excuses and settled on the extraordinary solution of lacking “male” reproductive organs as sharks devoured them on one of their voyages. I did. “I owe this,” Bandy said, “to the sharks of the West Indies.” It was too late, whether or not the landlord believed this. She had already informed others, and Bandy was arrested shortly thereafter.

Bandy, one of the many stories recorded in Genmanion’s fascinating new book, “Women’s Husband: History of Trance,” was assigned to women at birth, but from an early age I liked alternating men’s and also men’s and women’s outfits. Bandy then took over the male identity more completely. This is probably because this was the easiest way to get through as a sailor and depart. The woman Bandy romanced at the port of call was an important way to convince other male sailors of their vitality and eventually married the woman. When Bandy was imprisoned, the women were lined up to visit. Bandy’s “official” wife refused the charges and allowed them to be free.

Hannah Snell who went by the name of James Gray. Photo: Images accessed through the Digital Transgender Archive.Courtesy, American Antiquarian Society

What made Bandy particularly striking was the willingness to accept identity in both male and female terms without having to settle completely on one side of the gender binary of the century. “In modern times, we may consider their gender non-dual,” Mannion wrote. Mannion, unlike many previous scholars who write about long-lived figures who may have been transgender, is not always able to know the gender identity of historical figures. I admit. At the same time, it does gender justice to historical figures who are political and political and whose identities are unclear or who may have really wanted to be spoken in non-dual terms.

But for the 18th-century media, Bandy’s story was another weird case of a “female husband.” This was a popular term at the time for those who appeared as men and were assigned to women at birth when they took their wives. For most of the century, newspapers and popular novels were filled with sensational stories of similar life. What made these stories stand out was how they crossed the supposed boundaries of gender and sexuality. Quianes has already rebelled against the simple paradigm of who is drawn to whom, the story of gender-shifting people (Mannion’s terminology) is even more rebellious, and our bodies do not necessarily represent our gender destiny. It suggests that. Instead, the bodies suddenly became unmanageable, unpredictable, and vast – of course, as they always were, and still remain.

Another such case was James Allen, a London worker who married a maid, Abigail Naylor. In 1829, after Allen was fatally crushed by fallen timber, coroners examined their bodies and found that Allen had been assigned to a woman at birth.

Coroners continued to use male pronouns when referring to Allen, even after their discovery. “I call the deceased” he “because he had a wife and thought it impossible for him to be a woman. As Mannion pointed out, the death of a woman’s husband was “how someone assigned to a woman at birth lived as a man, and how cisgender marriage to a woman works.” I wanted to know what I did, “and it was often worth the press. In some cases, the mannion looks like a cisgender male body, especially if she is raised in a pure home, or if the husband strives to hide his body. I’m guessing I might not have really known that, even during sexual intercourse. In other cases, their wives may have secretly accepted their queens and simply accepted their bodies and identities as they did.

Due to the popularity of journalism, some descriptions of the female husband are in a biography or novel like a female sailor published in 1750 about “Hannah Snell, a female soldier in the name of James Gray”. Even converted. Some, like James Howe, were even covered on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. Born into a poor family in 1732, Howe said, “As the owner of the popular White Horse Tavern in the East End of London, he gained the wealth and respect of the British polar local community and went unnoticed for over 30 years. I lived as a mannion. ” Their identities were only revealed after being threatened by an old classmate who wanted to withdraw money from them.

As Mannion’s book emphasizes, these historical figures may not have used the term transgender or non-binary in their own right, but they still transgender gender in some way. I understood myself as people who wanted a partner, if not the whole world, and I can accept them that way. Mannion’s book is only a narrow geographic snapshot of such a person, but emphasizes their prevalence in the past and the still radical notion that transgender people like me deserve love and respect. ..

So this is the bigger point. The rights and perceptions that transgender people are increasingly enjoying may be quite modern, but our identity is not. Being transgender is not a new invention, as it is a broader queer. It’s a basic sense of self. all Humans have a sense of gender identity, that is, who they are in terms of gender. The only reason this term seems so woven into transgender people is that our sense of gender tells us how others refer to us, our physical expectations, or It’s somehow in conflict with both.

Very often, conservative anti-trans rhetoric justifies an attack on us by reducing our existence to a “tendency” that eventually disappears. But whether or not our lives have become a historic record, we are always here, we go nowhere, we go to the future, so we never disappear.

Do you think being a transformer is a “trend”?Think of these 18th century “female husbands” | Gabriel Belot

Source link Do you think being a transformer is a “trend”?Think of these 18th century “female husbands” | Gabriel Belot

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