The House of Representatives will vote on Wednesday to impeach Donald Trump in connection with the violent siege of supporters to the US Capitol, one week before Joe Biden becomes the 46th President of the United States. is.
An unprecedented move very close to the end of Mr. Trump’s term makes him the first two-impeached president in US history and the only president charged in just a few days.
Impeachment is a process by which the House of Representatives can prosecute civil servants, similar to a grand jury prosecution in a criminal court. However, it does not result in his automatic evacuation from the White House.
The US Constitution gives the House of Representatives “the only power of impeachment,” but it is the Senate that has “the only power of attempting all impeachment.” Mr. Trump can only be dismissed if he is convicted in the Senate trial.
The Constitution provides few details about the cause of the “impeachment crime,” stating: “The President, Vice President, and all civil servants of the United States shall be dismissed for treason, impeachment of bribes, and conviction, or other high crimes or contempt.”
Why is Donald Trump being charged?
An impeachment article, drafted by the Democratic Party of the House of Representatives and introduced earlier this week, will accuse Mr. Trump of “inciting violence against the US government” in connection with the siege at Capitol Hill last week.
The article goes just hours before the angry mob attacks the Capitol, claiming that Mr. Trump has “repeatedly issued false statements claiming that the outcome of the presidential election is the result of widespread fraud.” He quotes his fierce speech outside the White House.
“If we don’t fight like hell, there will be no country anymore,” the president told the Washington crowd last week. They broke into the Capitol in a violent riot that killed at least five people. Man.
Parliamentarians also said Trump’s “results” in the November 3 elections, including a January 2 phone call that urged the president to “find” enough votes to overturn the results. In a state in the southern United States pointing out “previous efforts to overturn and thwart proof.”
The impeachment article claims that Mr. Trump “has seriously jeopardized the security of the United States and its government agencies.” .. .. It threatened the integrity of the democratic system, hindered the change of power, and jeopardized the equivalent branch of the government. “
In particular, this article also cites the Fourteenth Amendment to the US Constitution. This prohibits anyone who “rebelled or rebelled” in the United States from taking “any position.”
In other words, by impeaching Mr. Trump, lawmakers are not only trying to drive him out of the White House, but also to prevent him from occupying it again.
How many presidents have been impeached?
Only three presidents, Andrew Johnson in 1868, Bill Clinton in 1998, and Donald Trump last year, were impeached. None were dismissed because they were acquitted in the Senate trial. However, Mr. Trump is in a position to become the first president to be impeached for the second time.
Mr. Trump was impeached more than a year ago in December 2019 for two charges: abuse of power and obstruction of Congress. These accusations arose from his efforts to persuade the President of Ukraine to dig up the dirt of Mr. Biden and his son Hunter during the infamous phone call between the two world leaders.
However, Mr. Trump was acquitted in February after a Senate trial in which lawmakers split in line with party policy.
Two-thirds of 100 senators must vote for conviction in order for the president to be dismissed. Mitt Romney was the only Republican senator to vote in February to convict Mr. Trump for a single charge of abuse of power.
What will happen next?
Given that more than 200 Democrats co-sponsored impeachment articles and the Democratic Party controls the House of Representatives, the House of Representatives is expected to impeach Mr. Trump. Three Republicans, including Liz Cheney, Capitol Hill’s top GOP woman, said she would vote to impeach the president late Tuesday.
However, it is still unclear how soon the House of Representatives Democratic Chairman Nancy Pelosi will send the impeachment article to the Senate for trial. Last time, Pelosi waited almost a month to hand over the article.
Republicans currently dominate the Senate, but when John Osov and Rafael Warnock sworn after last week’s Georgia final vote and Kamala Harris became Vice President of the United States next week, the Democratic Party would balance power. Will collapse.
When will Mr. Trump be brought to trial?
Jim Clyburn, a South Carolina Democrat and one of Pelosi’s chief lieutenants, suggested that the article could be withheld until after Biden’s first 100 days in office over the weekend. It will give the new president time to push his ambitious legislative agenda, including trillions of dollars of stimulus to boost the pandemic-hit economy, without the shadow of the impeachment court.
Other senior Democrats, including soon-to-be Senate majority leaders Steny Hoyer and Chuck Schumer, suggest that the trial should take place as soon as possible. Schumer quoted on Tuesday a move from 2004 that would allow him and Senate top Republican Mitch McConnell to reconvene the Senate.
Biden suggested that if a trial were to take place after Trump resigned, the Senate could “divide” that time, and Trump’s trial and the other half would be nominated for his cabinet. And spent on passing the stimulus.
Conviction after Mr. Trump’s resignation clearly does not exclude him from the White House, but he may not be able to run for president or other public office again.
In any case, it’s not clear that more than 12 Republican senators will vote for Mr. Trump’s conviction. Some critics of the president within the party haven’t punched out lately, even saying he should resign early, but many public desires for his impeachment. Few people have shown it.
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