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Ethiopia heads for polls against the backdrop of anxiety

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia-Supporters of the Valderas Party, one of the major opposition parties, will participate in the campaign on June 16, 2021 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Michael Tewelde / Xinhua via Getty Images

Ethiopians headed for polls on Monday, and Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed advertised a message of unity against the backdrop of conflict and imminent famine in the northern part of the country.

A national election, with 547 members elected and the leader of the winning party as prime minister, was scheduled to take place in August 2020, but was postponed due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

Abby, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2019 Earlier this week he called on Ethiopians to ensure “the first free and fair election in the country” for his work to end the 20-year post-war territorial dispute with Eritrea.

Monday is the first election test since taking office in 2018 against the backdrop of a large-scale protest against the former coalition government dominated by the Tigray People’s Liberation Front.

However, despite embarking on a bold reformist agenda, including crackdowns on corruption and the release of political prisoners. Abby noticed last year that he was conducting a military operation After occupying a military base, against the TPLF in the northern Tigray region.

Subsequent conflicts have resulted in massive casualties and evacuation, according to the United Nations, but formal death toll has not been established and the region is on the verge of famine. Human rights abuses, on the other hand, have cast a cloud over the federal government’s international reputation. The African Union launched a survey this week to investigate these claims.

Problematic polls

The legitimacy of the election has been questioned after a party in Oromia, Ethiopia’s most populous region, said it would boycott on charges of government crackdown.

The Oromo Liberation Front announced in March that it would withdraw after insisting on the imprisonment of the party leader and the closure of domestic offices. The Oromo parliament withdrew for similar reasons after a prominent person was imprisoned on suspicion of terrorism.

The withdrawal coincided with a surge in deadly attacks in parts of the northwestern part of Oromia and Amharic. These are blamed on the radical sect of OLF.

Amhara militias are fighting northern Tigray with federal and regional troops on November 10, 2020, on the outskirts of the village of Addiszemen, north of Bahir Dar, Ethiopia.

EDUARDO SOTERAS / AFP via Getty Images

Meanwhile, the TPLF is now officially designated as a terrorist organization, whose leaders have been arrested and are either fighting guerrillas in Tigray or are on the run.

“The main challenge to elections is that ethnic-based militia activities are designed to undermine the election process itself,” said Lou Nell, senior political analyst at NKC African Economics. I’m worried about it. ” Thursday’s research notes.

“Ethiopian security forces are struggling to create conditions that encourage free and fair elections in the most problematic areas and are involved in their own abuse.”

Nell emphasized with long-standing ethnic hostility that the western region of Benishangrugums is also worried about the fear of anxiety fueled by competition for resources.

Dozens of political parties have espoused candidates, but only Ethiopian social justice citizens have a leader with a substantial national profile. Belhanunega was elected mayor of Addis Ababa, the capital of the country, in 2005 before being expelled by the TPLF-led government. I was imprisoned.

Ethiopia’s National Election Commission will hold elections in the Halal and Somali regions on June 10, with a referendum on the establishment of new states from multiple districts of the Southern, Southern, and People’s Regions. Announced that there is no such thing.

This is in addition to the 40 constituencies and 6 regions where voting was postponed in May due to voter registration turmoil. These votes are currently scheduled for September 6, but a recent report by political risk consultant Pangea-Risk said the war-torn Tigray elections were postponed indefinitely, “almost against the federal government. It effectively deprives 5.7 million people of their rights. “

Reputational risk

The region is now under interim administration after Abby declared victory in Tigray in November 2020 and the government declared the TPLF Premiership illegal.But that’s not yet Fight low-level rebellionsPangea-Increases the risk of disproportionate war tactics from rebel groups as suggested by the Risk Report.

“As Ethiopia struggles to recover from a pandemic and the economy slows to its lowest growth rate in almost 20 years, ongoing anxiety, election delays, and seemingly volatile communications licensing rounds are all concerns, the report said. It’s an indicator. “

The Tigre conflict has eroded its global reputation, which can undermine interest in the country, an important belief in promoting Abby’s privatization and economic liberalization as an investment destination.

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia-Ethiopia’s National Election Commission (NEBE) staff will vote in the general election scheduled for June 21, 2021 under the elevated Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on June 17, 2021. I’m listening to explain how. ..

Yasuyoshi Ciba via Getty Images / AFP

“Companies are faced with the risk of a reputation for investing in countries related to war crimes and famine, boosted by the prospect of investing in countries led by Nobel Peace Prize laureates,” said Nell of NKC.

The government is currently auctioning a 40% stake in Ethiopia’s state-owned telecommunications, which is still of interest. The ultimate ambition is to generate revenue through partial privatization and new license auctions, reducing the partial debt burden incurred by the country. Owned companies such as Ethiopian state-owned enterprises.

“A relatively peaceful election will somehow go on to restore the image of Ethiopia and Abby,” Nell said.

“Pre- and post-election violence will do the opposite, exposing the country as a broken bone and accelerating isolation.”

Ethiopia heads for polls against the backdrop of anxiety

Source link Ethiopia heads for polls against the backdrop of anxiety

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