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Experts on the importance of vaccination in low-income countries

The Oxford / AstraZeneca coronavirus disease vaccine will be vaccinated at the Cacovid Isolation Center in the mainland of Yaba’s Infectious Diseases Hospital in Lagos, Nigeria.

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London — Fearing that “vaccine nationalism” will steadily become a reality in 2021, experts ensure that CNBC has a well-supplied vaccination program deployed worldwide. Emphasized why is in the interests of everyone.

“Low- and middle-income countries face the challenge of getting vaccines because of the phenomenon of vaccine nationalism. Most developed countries have many vaccines,” said Nigeria’s CEO of the National Primary Healthcare Development Agency. One Dr. Faisalsh Ive said. Told CNBC last month..

High-income countries purchased more than 4.6 billion Covid-19 vaccines, while low-income countries purchased 670 million doses, according to data from the Duke Global Health Innovation Center.

Also, many Western countries, such as the United Kingdom and the United States, want to vaccinate most of their population within the next few months, but according to the same agency, some countries will be vaccinated by 2024. You may not be able to get vaccinated.

“Therefore, when eradicating Covid-19 as one global community, it is important that all communities have access to these vaccines. The virus does not know the border,” says Shuaib.

Health concerns

Coronavirus is an infectious disease and is susceptible to infection. The latest variants of the virus are said to be even more contagious than the original strain.

“We now live in villages around the world. Before you know it, the infection also spreads to developed countries. Therefore, from a scientific point of view, when there is no fairness and fairness. It really doesn’t make sense to keep the vaccine. In global distribution. “

But the problem of supporting low-income countries with the supply of vaccines goes beyond this. It is also relevant from an economic and geopolitical point of view.

Economic impact

“The world economy is also interrelated, and even countries like New Zealand and South Korea that have responded fairly effectively to the virus have been seriously affected by the pandemic,” the Council on Foreign Relations said. Thomas Boriki, director of the Global Health Program, said. , Telled CNBC.

“If the virus is rampant in much of the world, it will continue to be true,” he said.

The· International Monetary Fund Initially, we predicted that global production would increase by 3.4% in 2020. However, shortly after the pandemic hit, at the beginning of the year, the IMF reduced its forecast to 3%, predicting it to be the worst economic shock since the 1930s.

In more recent calculations, the IMF estimated that in 2020 global economic activity would actually decline by 3.3% and could be threatened by a new wave of infection and further mutations in 2021.

“The main weapon we have is vaccines,” IMF Chief Economist Gita Gopinato told CNBC on Wednesday.

“We are seeing viral mutations happening, and as long as many parts of the world remain unvaccinated, you will see more of these mutations, and That’s a big concern for the global economy, “she said.

International cooperation

At the same time, the coronavirus crisis has called for more international cooperation.

Organizations such as the World Health Organization and UNICEF developed the Covax initiative in 2020 to make vaccines available to low-income countries. However, this was not enough to guarantee fair access.

“If you have the money to buy, you can get more vaccines. If you have a factory, if you pay for part of your R & D, you can block (or) implement an export ban. If all of these factors are really in favor of high-income countries, it is the combination of all of these that has led us to the situation where most of the vaccines are still in high-income countries. ” Moon, co-director of the Global Health Center at the Geneva Graduate Institute, told CNBC.

What are the prospects for helping prevent future pandemics if all countries cannot share the vaccines they are interested in sharing, as it is the fastest way to control a pandemic during a global crisis? Is it? ..

Thomas Boriki

Director of the Council on Foreign Relations Global Health Program

For example, the United States has enacted legislation supporting immunization of the population before sending vaccines abroad. The European Union has also tightened its policy of restricting vaccine exports if pharmaceutical companies fail to deliver to the block.UK does not export Covid-19 shots.. However, all three regions contribute to Covax funding.

“In the midst of a global crisis, what are the prospects for helping prevent in the future if we can’t share a vaccine that all countries are interested in sharing because it’s the fastest way to control a pandemic? What is the potential for pandemics, climate change, nuclear non-proliferation, and everything that countries around the world trust each other and demand to work together to make us all safer? ” Stated.

“If we can’t do that in this crisis, we can hardly expect to do it in many other areas where we need to see that cooperation,” he said.

Experts on the importance of vaccination in low-income countries

Source link Experts on the importance of vaccination in low-income countries

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