Nashville-Davidson, Tennessee 2021-09-26 14:06:26 –
Autumn has come. This means that there is an increased risk of hitting deer on country roads and highways, especially at dusk and during the full moon.
Deer cause more than one million car accidents each year in the United States, causing more than US $ 1 billion in property damage, about 200 deaths and 29,000 serious injuries. Property and casualty claims average about $ 2,600 per accident, with an overall average cost of over $ 6,000, including serious injuries and deaths.
If you are driving in a rural area, it may seem impossible to avoid deer, moose, elks and other ungulates called ungulates, but be especially careful because there are the most dangerous times and places. Is required.
Transportation working with scientists is developing ways to predict where deer and other ungulates will enter the road, posting warning signs, fences and wildlife under and above the road. You can set up a passageway. Equally important is knowing when these accidents will occur.
My ex-students Victor Collino Ravanal, Nimanti Aveirasna and I used three years of police records to analyze over 86,000 deer-car collisions involving white-tailed deer in New York State. Here’s what our and other studies show about timing and risk:
Time, month and year are important
The risk of hitting a deer depends on the time of day, the day of the week, the cycle of the month, and the season.
These accident cycles are, in part, a function of driver behavior. It is highest when there is heavy traffic, the driver is less alert, and the driving conditions are the worst to find animals. They are also affected by deer behavior. Although not uncommon, there are multiple accidents between a deer and a vehicle, such as a surprised driver missing a deer and colliding with a vehicle in another lane, or a car slamming during a break and being hit by a vehicle behind. Vehicles are involved.
Analyzing thousands of deer-car collisions, we find that these accidents occur most often at dusk and dawn, when deer are the most active and drivers have the least ability to find them. Only about 20% of accidents occur during the daytime hours. Deer car accidents are eight times more frequent per hour during the day and four times more often after dusk than after sunset.
Accidents occur most often at dawn and dusk on weekdays, and are associated with social factors such as commuter driving patterns and Friday’s “date night” traffic.
During the month, the most deer car accidents occur during the full moon, with the moon being the brightest during the night hours. Deer move farther from the cover, and the more lighting they have at night, the more likely they are to enter the road. This pattern applies to deer and other ungulates in both North America and Europe.
For over a year, the overwhelming number of deer car accidents is in the fall, when Bucks competes to search and mate, especially during ruts. In New York, peak numbers of deer car accidents occur in the last week of October and the first week of November. There are more than four times as many deer car accidents during that period as in spring. Moose car accidents show a similar pattern.
This high-risk period is also the end of daylight savings time. This will occur on November 7, 2021 in the United States. Turning the clock back an hour will increase the number of commuters during high-risk dusk hours. As a result, more and more cars are driving during peak hours and peak hours of deer car accidents.
Overall, given the seasonal “daylight saving time” clock shifts in most US states and more than 70 countries, the increase in hodder accident rates caused by clock shifts can be a widespread problem. There is sex.
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Considering how daylight savings time disrupts human circadian rhythms and causes short-term stress and fatigue, the benefits of daylight savings time have been controversial for many years. The risk of a deer car accident may be another reason to rethink whether a clock shift is worth it.
Deer still cross the road at any time
It is important to remember that deer car accidents can occur at any time of the year, day or night, and deer can appear in urban areas as well as rural areas.
On average, insurer State Farm has a 1/116 chance of a U.S. driver hitting a vehicle, much higher in states such as West Virginia, Montana, and Pennsylvania. I found that. In the 12 months to June 2020, State Farm counted 1.9 million claims for conflicts with wildlife across the country. About 90% of them were related to deer.
Drivers should always be vigilant and careful when deer and other ungulates are likely to be present. Be especially careful during dawn, dusk, bright moonlit nights, and autumn ruts.
Fall means more deer on the road: 4 ways time of day, month and year raise your risk of crashes Source link Fall means more deer on the road: 4 ways time of day, month and year raise your risk of crashes