For the first time in more than 40 years, mankind has dropped the moon rock on Earth.
Capsules loaded with lunar soil and gravel landed in Inner Mongolia on Wednesday (December 16) at 12:59 pm (Eastern Standard Time) (1759 GMT), covering China’s history and whirlwind. Chang’e 5 Mission..
Such last month’s delivery was made thanks to the mission of the Soviet Union’s Luna 24, which returned about 6 ounces (170 grams) of material in 1976. Chang’e 5’s haul is much larger and should be around 4.4 pounds. (2 kilograms), if everything went as planned on the moon.
China of the moon! History of China’s lunar mission in photo
4 modules, £ 18,100. (8,200 kg) Chang’e 5 Mission — China’s First Sample Return Initiative — Released on November 23 And five days later, it arrived in the lunar orbit. Two of the four modules, a lander and an attached ascending vehicle, landed on December 1 near Mount Rümker, a volcanic mountain in the Moon’s Oceanus Procellarum (“Oceanus Procellarum”) region. ..
The photovoltaic lander was equipped with a camera, ground penetrating radar, and an imaging spectrometer to make measurements of the surroundings. However, the main task of the lander was to collect samples. It was busy for the next two days, hooking things up to 6.5 feet (2 meters) underground.
On December 3, the lunar module was loaded onto an ascending vehicle and collided with two other Chang’e 5 modules (Orbiter and Return Capsule) on a lunar orbit on December 5 (lift-off damaged the lander). It seems this Work stopped on December 3rd.. But this wasn’t a big loss. Anyway, the lander would have died on December 11th, when the darkness landed on Mount Rümker. )
Chang’e No. 5 team derailed the ascending vehicle on December 7, and sent the aircraft back to the moon in Chang’e. Five days later, Orbiter and Return Capsules began their journey to Earth, culminating today. Landing of capsules in Inner Mongolia..
Certainly a whirlwind.
Relation: We may be in the “golden age” of sample return space missions
Chang’e 5 is Chang’e Program An overview of lunar exploration by a robot named after the Chinese mythological moon goddess. Chang’e 1 and Chang’e 2 lofted lunar orbiting satellites in 2007 and 2010, respectively, and Chang’e 3 placed a landing ship and rover duo near the moon in December 2013.
Next was Chang’e 5T1, which launched a prototype return capsule around the moon in October 2014 to help prepare for the touchdown that occurred today.Then came Chang’e 4In January 2019, we successfully made the first ever soft landing on the other side of the mysterious moon. The touchdown included a pair of lander and rover, similar to Chang’e 3.
Chang’e 4 landers and rover continue to perform well as they are. Chang’e 3 lander.. (Chang’e 3 Rover died after 31 months of work on the moon.)
Due to the apparent success of Chang’e 5, the mission team will need to inspect and evaluate the returned samples. China has become the third country to bring lunar material to Earth. The other two brought back about £ 842 in the Soviet Union and the United States. (382 kg) moon rocks and soil 6 Apollo water missions Between 1969 and 1972.
video: See China’s Chang’e 5 landing on the moon
According to scientists, the Chang’e 5 sample should provide a new window to the history and evolution of the Moon. The rocks of the Monslumker region are believed to have been formed only 1.2 billion years ago.
“All the volcanic rocks collected by Apollo were over 3 billion years old, and all young impact craters aged from sample analysis are less than a billion years old,” said a planetary scientist at the University of Washington. One Bradley Joriff says. In St. Louis Said in a statement..
“Therefore, the Chang’e 5 sample will fill a significant gap,” Joriff said. “These samples will be a treasure trove!”
Today’s landing was the second return to Earth in just 11 days. December 5, Japan’s Hayabusa2 mission return capsule Landing in Australia Outback A valuable work of the near-Earth asteroid Ryugu. And more such space deliveries are coming. NASA’s OSIRIS-REx mission will return a sample of the near-Earth asteroid Bennu in September 2023.
Mike Wall saidthere“(Grand Central Publishing, 2018; illustrated by Karl Tate), a book on exploring alien life. Follow him on Twitter @ michaeldwall. Follow him on Twitter @ Spacedotcom or Facebook.
Five Chinese Chang’e capsules land on Earth, new moon sample for the first time in 44 years
Source link Five Chinese Chang’e capsules land on Earth, new moon sample for the first time in 44 years