Milwaukee, Wisconsin 2021-03-10 06:05:35 –
Under the new federal proposal, 144 cities are facing downgrades from the Metropolitan Statistical Area designation. This includes five cities in Wisconsin, which can affect how financial development is funded and supported.
The new guidelines define a metropolitan area as having a population of at least 100,000 in its central city. Over the last 70 years, that threshold has been halved, only 50,000. The cities of Wisconsin affected by the previous metro designation include Wausau-Weston (population 74,632), Oshkosh (population 74,495), Fondurak (population 54,901), Sheboygan (population 71,313), and Janesville (population 69,658). It will be.
The Office of Management and Budget has received a demotion recommendation from a committee of the Federal Statistical Office. This is explained in the following huge title document. Recommendations from the Office of Management and Budget to Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area Standards Review Committee: Changes to 2010 Standards to Depict Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas.. Although the intent of the proposal is stated purely for statistical purposes, population size is typically used to calculate funding formulas.
Redemption programs such as Medicare, transportation and housing are associated with the statistical area of metropolitan communities. The resulting classification changes have raised concerns for some city officials across the country. Rural communities are concerned that downgrading to “small city” areas will intensify federal funding competition for rural areas.
However, statisticians believe that the change in designation has been delayed for a long time. The population of the United States has more than doubled since 1950. Even political representatives are being adversely affected because the House of Representatives has artificial caps that have not reflected decades of demographic changes and demographic growth. Its restrictive restrictions have an unbalanced political influence on rural areas.
In another proposal, the US Census Bureau is considering changing the definition of urban areas. This proposal uses housing rather than people to distinguish between urban and rural areas. Under the new proposal, there are 385 homes per square mile, and an area equivalent to approximately 1,000 people per square mile is considered a city. The current standard is 500 people per square mile.
The Census Bureau said changes were needed to comply with the new privacy requirements and alternatives provided more direct data on population density.
But city reclassification is not a new issue. In 2014, the Congressional Research Service investigated the impact of county reclassification and published a 12-page report. However, this document did not answer the central question of how reclassification affects federal funding for local governments.