2021-05-23 11:27:35 –
Democrat Leslie Herod couldn’t convince a colleague in the Colorado General Assembly to ban police from using strangulation after the death of a 23-year-old black man in the suburbs of Aurora in 2019.
She couldn’t get enough support to introduce a police reform bill, including a ban. That changed when George Floyd died after being anchored under the knees of a Minneapolis police officer and the video began a summer of protests against police killings and racism.
Within a month after Floyd’s death, Colorado General Assembly members took steps to avoid Eliya McLean’s death and approved a ban on strangler figs as part of a broader police reform law. The law has revoked the more restricted strangler figs that came into force four years ago.
“Clarifying that it is completely banned in all situations can save lives,” said Herod, a black man.
Colorado was strangled and detained by police as the world saw Floyd pleading for air in Floyd, who was pinned under the knees of former police officer Derek Chauvin, who was convicted of murder. It is one of several states that prohibit or severely restrict its use. Last month’s manslaughter.
At least 17 states, including Minnesota, have legislation prohibiting or limiting this practice, according to data provided to the Associated Press by the National Assembly of Parliament.
Prior to Floyd’s killing, only two states, Tennessee and Illinois, banned police holding techniques that restricted blood flow to the airways or brain when pressure was applied to the neck.
As in Colorado, most of the bans enacted over the past year are in states that are politically dominated by the Democratic Party. They include California, Illinois, Nevada, Oregon, Virginia and more.
Last week, Washington Governor Jay Inslee signed an extensive legislative package to implement a number of police accountability and reform measures, including a total ban on strangulation and neck detention.
This effort has also generated support among some Republicans. The ban or restriction was signed by the GOP governors of Massachusetts and Vermont, which have Democratic legislatures, and passed in fully Republican-controlled states such as Indiana, Iowa, and Utah.
Only a month after Floyd’s death, Utah State Legislators resolved to ban knee-to-neck strangler figs, but the law did not ban all types of neck restraints. The bill was sponsored by Democrat Sandra Hollins, the only black member of the Utah State Legislature.
“We feel our community is unsafe,” Hollins said at the time. “That’s why you’re seeing protests. They’re afraid of their lives. The legislator says,” I’m going to listen to you and do something about it. ” As I say, I send a very powerful message.
Many of the new laws include criminal penalties for police officers if strangler figs or neck restraints lead to death or injury, unless they can show that they need to save their lives or others. In Vermont, officers can face up to 20 years in prison and up to $ 50,000 in fines.
Lorenzo Boyd, director of the Advanced Police Center at the University of New Haven in Connecticut, said these results are important for achieving compliance.
“Even though strangler figs are banned, police still use strangler figs,” he said. “If we say,’Strangler figs are a felony, and if you use strangler figs, we can now prosecute you,’ I think it will change the story.”
Floyd’s death was not the first police case involving neck detention to gain widespread public attention.
In 2014, the New York Police Department arrested and strangled Eric Garner’s suffocation on suspicion of illegally selling cigarettes on Staten Island. In the amateur video, I hear Garner saying “I can’t breathe.”
The city had previously banned strangler figs, but after Garner’s death there was no state-wide law. It wasn’t until Floyd was killed that the New York State Legislature passed a bill that effectively banned police from using strangler figs and made them felony.
A lawmaker who promoted the ban said a similar bill introduced in 2014, shortly after Mr Garner’s death, could not gain momentum.
“When I came to the Senate, I came looking for this bill,” Senator Brian Benjamin said of the law introduced in 2019. “We have to do something,” the dynamics of New York have really changed. “
When asked to speculate on why Congress did not act after Garner’s suffocation, Benjamin said the slander could give police officers suspicious benefits. He said that what happened in Minneapolis was different.
“In Floyd’s video, there is absolutely no room of any kind wiggle around the wickedness of what’s happening there,” he said.
Laws related to strangler figs and neck detention have been part of many state efforts to deal with police procedures, training, and discipline since Floyd’s death.
Since May 2020, at least 67 police reforms have been enacted in 25 states in relation to specific topics in the National Assembly of Parliament, analyzed at the request of the AP. In addition to neck restraint and strangler figs, the law corresponds to body cameras worn by police. Disciplinary and personnel records; Independent investigation into officer behavior. Use of force restrictions; Limited immunity; Warrant without knocking.
According to NCSL data, at least 13 states have enacted restrictions on the use of force by police officers, and at least eight states have enacted legislation to enhance police reviews and investigations.
Floyd’s killing prompted reforms in many states, but legislatures in other states took no action or went in the opposite direction, giving police more power. The city police and county sheriff departments also have plenty of room to set many of their own rules, including those regarding the use of force.
Many large cities and police stations banned or restricted the use of strangler figs, even before Floyd was killed. However, executives still adopted the technology and used it disproportionately against black men, said Paul Weber, a former federal prosecutor and book author.
“Even in jurisdictions where detention and strangler figs are prohibited, in practice there is no consequence for police officers to engage in those bad practices,” Weber said. “The state-wide ban applies to more departments, but again, policies are less effective than enforcement.”
Floyd killing prompts some states to limit or ban chokeholds – Twin Cities Source link Floyd killing prompts some states to limit or ban chokeholds – Twin Cities