For Netanyahu and Israel, Trump’s gifts continued to come

Jerusalem — A U.S. decision to allow American Jonathan J. Polard, convicted of spying on Israel in the 1980s, to complete his provisional release on Friday allowed him to relocate to Israel. Ended one of the most troublesome and long-standing conflicts between. Allies.

It also concludes an extraordinary four-year extension of bilateral relations, where President Trump’s treatment of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu was nothing more than a luxury.

Mr. Trump sharply broke his predecessor’s approach to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and took Israel’s side in terms of Jerusalem, West Bank settlements, and other occupied territories. His Middle Eastern team failed to force Palestinians to consider a biased peace proposal and put great pressure on it, after which it mediated Israeli historic normalization agreements with the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Sudan. .. This is a deal that shattered the Arab half century. Solidarity behind the Palestinian cause.

The United States and Israel confronted Iran and cooperated with global diplomatic agencies that they considered prejudiced against Israel. And Mr. Trump awarded Netanyahu another political award. Some of them helped him in three consecutive reelection campaigns. In March 2019, when the President of the United States recognized Israel’s sovereignty over the long-disputed Golan Heights.

Here are some of the most notable gifts Netanyahu received:

After highlighting the early Palestinian hopes for an “ultimate agreement” to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, Mr. Trump recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and the US embassy in Tel Aviv. Moved to Jerusalem. It fulfilled a very important campaign promise for evangelical Christians and many Jews.

Although Israel claims the entire Jerusalem as the capital, Palestinians consider East Jerusalem, which Israel occupied in the 1967 war, to be their future capital.

Prior to Mr. Trump, American policy was that Jerusalem’s position should be settled in peace talks. Parliament repeatedly called for the relocation of the embassy, ​​but the previous administration maintained it as a trump card in negotiations to force Israel to make concessions to Palestinians.

More has come to Jerusalem. Many of them were provocative. For example, when US Ambassador to Israel, David M. Friedman, shook a sledgehammer to open an archaeological tunnel under the Palestinian district of East Jerusalem, it strengthened Israeli sovereignty claims there.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo last month changed passport rules to allow Americans born in Jerusalem to list “Israel” as their place of birth instead of “Jerusalem.” Long-standing policies have avoided identifying cities as part of Israel.

The Palestinian reaction to the embassy relocation was to boycott the White House. The White House responded with a series of disciplinary measures.

It is trying to force Palestinians to withdraw their demands on millions of refugees so that they can return to what is now Israel. Israel is a request that it always rejects. For Palestinian refugees throughout the Middle East.

It steadily cut off all other aid: $ 200 million for assistance to the Palestinian Authority through the US International Development Agency, about $ 60 million for assistance to Palestinian security forces, for a hospital in East Jerusalem. $ 25 million and $ 10 million effort for the coexistence of Israel and Palestine.

Led by long-time supporter of the reconciliation, Mr Friedman, the administration has repeatedly supported those who imagine the entire West Bank forever in the hands of Israel.

The ambassador publicly acknowledged Mr Netanyahu’s idea of ​​annexing the West Bank territory by Israel at the heart of the reelection campaign, and the Trump Peace Program planned for Israel to annex the West Bank.

In exchange for normalizing relations with the United Arab Emirates, the annexation was finally suspended — the Trump administration offered to sell the F-35 fighter, which Emiratis had longed for, as a trading sweetener. .. Similarly, the administration has begged Sudan by removing Sudan from the list of states sponsoring terrorism.

However, many other administrative measures have helped to normalize Israeli design on the land that Palestinians want for the nation of the future.

Friedman pushed to remove the term “occupied” from the official State Department’s reference to the West Bank and adopt the Israeli names of Jews and Samaritans, an area that emphasizes the roots of the Jewish Bible. Did. In 2018, he broke the precedent and attended an event in Ariel’s industrial settlement.

Last year, Pompeo said the United States “recognized the reality of the scene” and used the phrase “Jewish and Samaria” to state that the reconciliation was inconsistent with international law. I canceled the memo.

In late October, Friedman and Netanyahu signed an agreement allowing US government grants to go to Israeli research institutes in the occupied territories. The only such institution is Ariel University, which is funded by casino billionaire Sheldon Adelson, who is a supporter of both Mr. Trump and Mr. Netanyahu.

On Thursday, Pompeo visited a Jewish settlement near Ramallah for the first time as Secretary of State. He also issued new guidelines on imports from the West Bank, demanding that products manufactured in areas under full control of Israel be labeled with Israeli products. This move may require dates grown by Palestinian farmers to label dates and olives as “Made in Israel” for delivery to American consumers.

After clashing with President Obama over Iran’s nuclear deal in 2015, Netanyahu found an audience who acknowledged Trump’s accusations of the deal as being too generous. Mr. Trump withdrew from the agreement in March 2018.

Pompeo clarified the “maximum pressure” strategy on Tehran through strict economic sanctions and set a 12-point requirement for his leader, which may have been drafted by Netanyahu.

Israel launches air-bombing campaigns against Iranian troops and their agents in Syria, Lebanon and Iraq with the encouragement of the Trump administration, with the aim of repelling Iran’s expansionist movement in the Middle East, Saudi Arabia, Created a common cause with Emiratis and other Gulf countries. Against Iran.

For Netanyahu and Israel, Trump’s gifts continued to come

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