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Forests support work and promote biodiversity, but face threats

Forests are beautiful and inhabited by a wide variety of wildlife, playing an important role in caring for the world in which we live.

Like their appearance, the benefits of forests are multi-layered.

According to a recent report from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), forests are “essential for watering, providing livelihoods, mitigating climate change and sustainable food production.”

But everything isn’t working. The State of the World’s Forests 2020 report states that both forest degradation and deforestation “continue to occur at an alarming rate.”

FAO also states that deforestation has actually declined over the last three decades, but since 1990 an estimated 420 million hectares have been “lost by conversion to other land uses.” I will.

Against this background, various organizations are trying to promote sustainable management of forests.

These include the social enterprise France-based Reforest’Action Focused on forest conservation, restoration and creation.

Stéphane Hallaire is President and Founder of Reforest’Action. At a site in Nufrett, western Paris, he explained to CNBC’s “Sustainable Energy” how his company used the surrounding landscape to create a variety of environments.

“This forest was once a poplar tree forest and was a damaged forest,” he said. “What I did four years ago was to remove the trees and plant not only oak trees, but also a variety of forests of chestnut trees and wild cherry trees.”

“They create diverse forests, and diseases, storms, and wildfires progress slowly in diverse forests, as opposed to those of the more” unique species. ” “

Next, Hallea was asked about the threats forests face today. “There are different types of threats to forests, depending on where you are,” he said.

“If you’re in the tropics, deforestation is the biggest threat today,” he added. “But if you’re in a temperate forest like Europe or France, there’s no more deforestation, but the forests are deteriorating due to climate variability.” The examples he gave are more frequent and severe storms, illnesses. , Insects were included.

Urban planting

The conversation was directed to the work of Afforestt, an Indian organization trying to green the city with technology that employs high density planting.

Founded in 2011 by former Toyota engineer Shubhen du Sharma, Afforestt is a commercial social enterprise that employs Akira Miyawaki, named after Japanese botanist Akira Miyawaki.

Simply put, it is a methodology that emphasizes the importance of dense planting and native species.

Afforestt is a combination of Miyawaki technology and a technology called leveling, a system that companies use to reduce waste and increase efficiency.

Reforest’Action’s Hallaire described urban forestry as “very important” and said his company “did it many times in France and Europe.”

He also quoted an example of his organization planting urban forests in the French capital, Paris.

“It was on an area of ​​700 square meters … and all the people, families, children, and parents who lived around the place gathered to plant a tree.”

Given the benefits of forests, you may want to promote forest growth in all parts of the world.

But it’s not that simple. When asked where forests are needed, Hallea emphasized that forests are not needed “because forests do not grow or exist in all parts of the world.”

“But forests are needed in most places, especially in the tropics,” he added.

Forests support work and promote biodiversity, but face threats

Source link Forests support work and promote biodiversity, but face threats

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