Covered with hieroglyphs from a torn 2,300-year-old mummy wrapping Ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead — Digitally reunited with stripped, long-lost works.
The Teece Museum of Classical Antiquities at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand, cataloged a single segment of digital images into an open source online database and then stitched together two pieces of linen. A historian at the Getty Institute in Los Angeles, who saw the image, quickly realized that the Institute had shroud fragments that harmonize with the New Zealand segment like pieces of a puzzle.
“There is a small gap between the two fragments, but the scene makes sense, the spell makes sense, and the text captures it exactly,” said Egyptian art expert and University of Canterbury. Arisongriffith, an associate professor of classics at the University of Canterbury, said. , Said in a statement.. “It’s great to splice fragments remotely.”
Relation: Photo: Egypt’s oldest mummy wrapping
Both fragments are covered with hieratic or cursive scripts and hieroglyphs depicting the scenes and spells of the Book of the Dead. This is an ancient Egyptian manuscript that is believed to lead the dead to the afterlife.
“The art of pyramids and tombs is not an art in itself, as the Egyptian belief required the deceased to travel to the afterlife and to be mundane in the afterlife. It’s about the scene of servants and others, “said Griffith.
The version of the Book of the Dead varies from grave to grave, but one of the most famous images in this book is the weight of the deceased’s heart and wings. According to the American Center of Research in Egypt (ARCE), this was not involved in the new discovery. The tradition of including the Book of the Dead in burial began with an inscription known as the pyramid text written directly on the walls of the tomb in the late Old Kingdom, and was initially offered only to the royal family buried in Saqqara. The earliest known pyramid texts were found in the tomb of Unas, the last king of the Fifth Dynasty (who lived from about 2465 BC to about 2325 BC). According to the Britannica Encyclopedia..
However, as beliefs and religious practices changed, according to ARCE, Egyptians began to include an adaptive version known as the casket text, written on non-royal caskets, including the wealthy elite. By the New Kingdom (c. 1539 BC), the afterlife was thought to be available to anyone who could afford the Book of the Dead, and was written on papyrus and linen wrapped around a mummified body. .. Statement from the University of Canterbury.
However, writing on the wrapping of these mummies has never been so easy.
“It’s hard to write in the material. It needed a quill and a stable hand, and this person did a great job,” Griffith said of Canterbury linen shards. The illustration shows the preparation scene for the afterlife. Butchers cut cows for offerings. A man who moves furniture for the afterlife. Four bearers with nominal (Egyptian territorial division) identifiers, including Falcon, Toki, and Jackal. A funeral ship with the goddess sisters Isis and Nephthys on both sides. According to the statement, a man pulling a sled in the image of Anubis, the god of the dead with a jackal head. Some of these scenes are also in the famous “Book of the Dead” version of Turin Papyrus, which is now in the Egyptian Museum in Turin, Italy.
Canterbury linen shards are long, but only one that was used to wrap a mummified male body, especially when combined (digitally) with Getty Lab shards.
“Your linen shards are just a few of the bandages torn from the body of a man named Petojiris (mother is Tetoshiris),” said Foiscalf, director of the University of Chicago Oriental Institute’s research archive. Said in a statement. “Fragments of these works are now spread around the world in both institutional and personal collections.
“It’s an unfortunate fate for Petgilis, who paid such care and expense for his burial,” continued Skullf. “And, of course, it raises all sorts of ethical issues regarding the origin of these collections and our ongoing collection practices.”
The history of relic acquisition is now more closely monitored than ever before, as there is growing interest in how works are collected, sold and moved around the world. In fact, tracking previously combined isolated relics is now a subfield of museology, Griffith said. She pointed out the source of the fragment at the University of Canterbury. It fell into the hands of Charles Augusta Murray, the British Consul General of Egypt from 1846 to 1853, and later became part of the collection of senior British Sir Tom Phillips. Civil servant. It was then purchased on behalf of the university at the Sotheby’s sale in London in 1972.
But how the Canterbury and Getty fragments were separated is a mystery, Griffith said.
Originally published in Live Science.
Fragments of the Book of the Dead, half a world away, are stitched together
Source link Fragments of the Book of the Dead, half a world away, are stitched together