NSHis moment Anger in Paris was evident when French Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian described the deal as “piercing from behind” on September 16. The next day, the French recalled their ambassador to Washington, DC (and Australia) for the first time since the 1790s.Announcements by the United States, Australia and the United Kingdom New security agreement (((AUKUS), It shot a € 90 billion ($ 105 billion) submarine contract with France in Australia with a torpedo in favor of a purchase promise. Nuclear power American submarine Instead, the French remained stunned, humiliated, and angry.
The reaction in France is only partial about the cancellation of large-scale defense contracts, but it is always difficult to accept such a decision. France has a defense industry large enough to absorb losses. Compensation for breach of contract is required. Rather, what infuriated the French was what some sources called “extreme duplication and betrayal of integrity” of what they consider to be close allies.
The French submarine contract was signed in 2016 under the former Socialist President of Francois Hollande in the context of a strategic partnership agreement with Australia. This was part of France’s efforts to establish a geopolitical presence in the Indo-Pacific and act as a global player in the region in the face of assertive China. There are more than 7,000 soldiers on a regular patrol of the South China Sea. Nearly 2 million French people live in the Indo-Pacific. This includes French territories such as: French Polynesia And New Caledonia.
On many recent occasions, meetings with representatives of both the Australian and US governments have led the French to believe that this partnership and submarine trade are intact. Just recently, on August 30, at a joint meeting of French and Australian Foreign and Defense Ministers, the two countries made a clear statement that they “promised to deepen cooperation in the defense industry” and “the importance of future submarine programs.” .. Still, two weeks later, the Australian broke the contract. President Emmanuel Macron was in the dark until the last moment. AUKUS It aims to strengthen Australia’s naval capabilities, especially in the South China Sea, to help the United States and its allies better respond to the emerging Chinese military power in the region. “Allies do not do this with each other,” Le said. Durian is casual. “Americans have completely overlooked the fact that this is not just a commercial contract, which was the basis of France’s Indo-Pacific strategy,” Benjamin Hadad said at the Atlantic Council in Washington, DC.
France’s anger is primarily directed at Australia and the United States, not Britain. Therefore, recall only two ambassadors, not the third. However, Macron’s personal request did not neglect the decision to bring Le Drian’s envoy home, with the aim of showing how seriously France takes this breach of trust. is. But, very rarely, France is not the first in the last few years to recall an ambassador to a friendly nation. In 2019, Macron brought his representative back to Italy after deciding to interfere with politics in France. Gilet Jones (Yellow jacket) Crisis.
It is difficult to exaggerate the current bitterness and dissatisfaction of Paris. In the short term, this should not directly affect, for example, operational military cooperation between France and the United States in the Sahel. France has more than 5,000 troops stationed in this region of northwestern Africa. Counterterrorism strategy, America provides important intelligence and logistics support.
However, it takes time to overcome the breach of trust, especially between the United States and Australia. It will undoubtedly make France a player who is distrustful of other things and, for example, less likely to compromise on British enforcement. Brexit divorce agreement With the European Union. It will also force the French to push their limits, at least when measured against the English-speaking alliance, without rethinking their ability to pursue their own Indo-Pacific strategy.
The most likely geopolitical conclusion that France draws from all of this is that it is correct for them to judge and seek America as an unreliable ally. Greater independence Instead. In Paris, the pursuit of what the French call “European sovereignty” is more urgent than ever, as Joe Biden prefers to deal with English-speaking allies. “American behavior was unpleasant, but it reinforces the analysis we have already done,” says a French official. So we must be able to act on our own. “
Whether Mr. Macron can do it Bring a fellow European with him However, the issue is not very clear. As it stands, when talking about “strategic autonomy,” Europeans disagree with what they really mean, rather than building the actual capabilities needed to operate them. It tends to be much better at drafting documents about concepts. As if to point out AUKUS It was announced the day the European Commission announced its own Indo-Pacific strategy.
Some people in Europe have also always had his true intentions, despite Mr Macron’s objections. Weakened NATO.. Others may be afraid to annoy the United States by announcing that they may sympathize with France’s position. Submarine transactions may only be relevant to France, not the EU. However, the lack of expression of solidarity from European friends was impressive. But whatever the challenge of building greater European autonomy, after this week’s events, injured Macron will undoubtedly come to the conclusion that France and Europe have no choice but to give it a try. However, others may be slow to follow him in a substantive way.
French anger at US and Australian subdeals
Source link French anger at US and Australian subdeals