WITH THEIR Unique languages unrelated to all other European languages, the oldest cave paintings on the continent, and their sailor, gastronomic, and choral traditions, the Basques have long had a strong identity. Nationalist proponents go a step further, claiming that the Basques formed the superior race of ancient times, the first Europeans. In some versions, they come down directly from Noah in the Bible.
New research on the genes of Basque and its neighbors brings a lot of news to nationalists. Research by a team at Pompeu Fabra University in Barcelona Current biologyShows that Basques are actually genetically different from their neighbors. However, these differences seem to be relatively recent, dating back to the end of the Iron Age (about 2,500 years ago). And they are larger in the center of the Basque-speaking world than around Basque.
An important finding is that Basque and all the other Spaniards are descendants of the same Stone Age immigrants from the eastern grasslands of Europe. Ancient Iberians also spoke languages other than Indo-European languages (Basque, Finnish, Hungarian, etc.). The difference only began when the Romans appeared in Iberia. Recent studies have found evidence that, contrary to mythology, the Romans conquered the Basque Country. However, few people seem to have settled in the Basque-speaking core areas. And the Arab Berber invaders, who occupied most of Iberia during the 7th century, rarely arrived there. Researchers speculate that mysterious mountains and incomprehensible languages discouraged genetic mixing.
These findings show Sabino Arana, the founder of the Basque Nationalist Party.PNV). Alana was an anti-Semitic who proclaimed the racial and religious purity of the Basques. When industrialization flooded with immigrants from all over the country, he warned against “rubbing the shoulders of our children and the children of the Spanish people.”
Basque, a dialect clutch systematized in 1968, replaced race as the focus of Basque nationalism.The· PNVThe successful governing of the Basque Country for the past 40 years has actively supported the language. It is a widely Christian Democratic Party, far from Alana.But all nationalists, including former terrorists ETAThe Basques may help to admit that they have much in common with other Spaniards.
This article was published in the printed European section under the heading “Yes, Basques are not.”
Genetically, Basques are not much different from other Spaniards
Source link Genetically, Basques are not much different from other Spaniards