A sudden bump on one’s skin is always a matter of concern for us all. Many a time a hardened layer of skin develops on one’s skin. This happens in response to continuous friction and pressure on the skin. Such protrusion on the skin is called foot corn.
If a person shows the following symptoms then they may have foot corn.
Symptoms of foot corn –
- The rough, tough, yellowing patch of lumpy or bumpy skin
- Skin that’s sensitive to touch
- Pain when wearing shoes
- Circular and pale yellow in color
- Pain or tenderness in the affected area.
These symptoms are the most common symptoms of foot corn. They occur as a result of pressure and friction on one’s foot region. If one monitors these symptoms then one can readily detect this very condition and go for a treatment.
Where exactly do foot corns develop?
Foot corns or Corns usually show up on the smooth and thin portions of the foot’s skin. This may include the top of the foot and the toe area. They are of different types, varying from hard to soft corns. Soft corns usually form between the middle toes and Hard corns usually form on the tops of the toes. In several instances, corns go on their own and at times they may need medical attention.
Places where corns are formed on one’s body-
- below your toenail bed
- between your toes
- on the sides of your feet
- on the bottoms of your feet
Are Foot Corns Contagious?
Calluses or corns are not usually contagious. They are not like a viral infection. So, one must not worry about getting this very disease transmitted from one person to another.
What are the causes and sources of corn?
The causes of foot corns are many. But the most common cause of them being is ill-fitting shoes. Shoes that are too tight or too loose can lead to this very problem. In addition to these abnormal walking patterns, or standing for long periods, etc. can also be caused because of foot corn. Uneven pressure on the foot is the main cause of this problem.
What are the side effects of foot corn?
Untreated Corn Can Cause Blisters, Arthritis, or Worse.
Corns might seem like a relatively minor annoyance, but unless they’re treated properly, they can lead to a number of serious conditions—some of which can prove fatal for patients with ill health.
The following factors can worsen foot corn-
- A bunion is an abnormal, bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of your big toe.
- A hammertoe is a deformity in which your toe curls like a claw.
- Other foot deformities. Certain conditions, such as a bone spur, can cause constant rubbing inside your shoe.
- Not protecting your hands. Using hand tools without wearing gloves exposes your skin to excessive friction. This may cause foot corn.
Formation of a Callus / Corn
If one leaves one’s corn untreated then it leads to the formation of a callus. A callus is a scarred tissue that has to be removed by surgery.
How to prevent foot corns?
The following steps can be carried out to prevent foot corns.
- Wear shoes that give your toes plenty of room. Make sure that you wear roomy shoes. Shoes that make you move your fingers inside your shoes qualify for a good shoe.
- Use protective coverings. Wear felt pads, non-medicated corn pads or bandages when wearing footwear.
- Wear padded gloves when using hand tools. This will protect you from friction and pressure on your skin.
How to treat foot corns?
The following are the ways by which one can prevent foot corn.
Filing away the corn
One can file away corn by following the given steps.
- Soak your feet in a warm bath by adding Epsom salts in it.
- After soaking your feet pat it dry. Then add a moisturizer on it.
- Until the corn softens.
- Then use a pumice stone to scale it off.
- After this when the corn softens, one can use a nail filer to file away the corn.
- Repeat these steps over and over again and see the results for yourself.
Foot Corn Ayurvedic Treatment & Home Remedies
One of the commonly used ways of getting rid of foot corns is by applying home remedies. All one has to do is get some kitchen ingredients and use them to cure those painful and rough corns.
- Take a capful of vinegar and add it to warm water. Douse your feet in it for over 10 minutes. When this is done scrub gently and massage with a greasy oil like castor oil or olive oil for further lubrication. The go on an tie a bandage dipped in vinegar onto the corn. Leave it in this position for a few hours. Vinegar naturally sanitizes dead skin tissue and makes the affected area easier to clean and scrub off the dead tissue.
- If you want to remove the corn tie an orange peel or lemon peel on the affected area after you’ve done the soaking, scrubbing, and oil massage ritual.
- Roast some turmeric powder in mustard oil and apply this paste when bearably hot to the corn. Then cover it with a bandage and keep overnight.
- Then mix one teaspoon of aloe vera gel with one-half teaspoon of turmeric and apply on the very corn.
- Then massage skin with any medicated oil that must be available readily at your home.
Applying castor oil and corn pads on the corn
If you are unwilling to file your very corn and go through a rather painful procedure. Then you have nothing to worry about. Just follow the below-mentioned steps and go will be good to go.
Wash your feet and pat it dry. Then apply castor oil to it. Castor oil is a vegetable-based oil. It is available at any local pharmacy.
Then once this is done take a corn pad and apply it on your corn. Corn pads are readily available at the local chemist store. These pads work wonders when it comes to relieving pressure from the problem area.
Then wear socks and make sure that the socks are not very tight. Do this on a continuous basis. It may take weeks for your corn to go away by this method.
Usage of Salicylic Acid for Calluses and Corns
Salicylic acid helps cause the wart to gradually peel off by its usage. It works wonders to help remove corns and calluses. It should not be used on the face or on moles, birthmarks, warts with hair growing from them, or genital areas.
Salicylic acid is keratolytic and belongs to the aspirin (salicylates) class of drugs. It increases the moisture of the skin and thus removes the dry corn.
How to use Liquid Corn-Callus Remover?
One can get rid of foot corns by the use of corn removers. It is available at any local pharmacy. While using this keep in mind that it has to be used only on the skin and it must be kept away from eyes, nose, mouth, etc.
Before using it first, soak the corn, callus, or wart in warm water for about 5 minutes. This will soften the treatment area. Then pat the area dry and use a filer to file off the top dead layer of skin carefully.
Apply the liquid or gel on the affected area using an applicator. Make sure that you apply the medication on only the affected area and not elsewhere. Check with the chemist as to how many times you are supposed to do this ritual.
If you are using a medicated pad or bandage, you may need to cut the pad so that it covers the treatment area completely. Make sure it does not touch the surrounding skin. Then peel off the protective covering and place the patch/bandage over the area. Leave in place according to package directions. Repeat this procedure for up to 2 weeks for corns and calluses and a period of 12 weeks for warts.
The dosage entirely depends on one’s medical condition. It will be good to first consult a specialist and then go on with this medication.
Use this medication on a regular basis without fail.
Precautions While Removing Corns
One has to be careful while using salicylic acid. If in case you happen to be allergic to it, consult your very doctor about this condition.
Side Effects of Medication
There can be a few side effects of using this very medication. This may include slight burning, skin redness, and peeling may also occur. Consult a doctor if the situation worsens.
Homeopathic Medicines for Treating Corns
Corns can readily be treated by homeopathic methods. While surgical methods can prove to be painful, homeopathic methods are gentler. Another downfall of surgical methods is that it has the possibility of corns repeating themselves after a certain period of time.
Antimonium Crudum, Hepar Sulph, Silicea, Nitric Acid, Lycopodium and Ranunculus Bulbosus have proven to be useful for treating corns.
1. Antimonium Crudum –
Antimonium Crudum tops the list of natural medicines for treating corns. It is useful in treating tender corns.
2. Silicea – For Soft Corns
Silicea is another one of the top grade medicines for treating corns. It is one of the safest and widely used medicines for treating corn.
3. Hepar Sulph – For Corns with Pus Formation
Hepar Sulph is one of the best choices of medicines for corns that tend to suppurate (have pus formation. This medication works wonder with corns having pus formation in them.
4. Nitric Acid & Lycopodium – For Painful Corn
Natural medicines like Nitric Acid and Lycopodium are rated among the best medicines for corns. The best part about them is that they work on very painful and severe corns. In cases where the most prominent symptoms are thick, indurated (hardened) corns on the feet with pressing, tearing, aching and drawing pains, Lycopodium is oen medication that would show the best results. Lycopodium is also one of the best medicines for corns which are inflamed and result in sore, stinging, burning pains.
5. Ranunculus Bulbosus & Antimonium Crudum – For Horny Corns
Ranunculus Bulbosus and Antimonium Crudum are used for treating horny corns. Antimonium Crudum helps to effectively heal large horny corns. These corns tend to be very painful and horny but can be treated with this medication.
Foot Corn Laser Treatment – Corn removal with the use of laser
Corn removal with laser therapy is one of the most effective ways of getting rid of corn entirely and effectively. In addition to this, it takes less time. It is carried out by CO2 lasers. These lasers heat up and vaporizes the skin. It then removes harmful bacteria and infections. This avoids the occurrence of inflammation. The healthy tissue remains intact in this surgery.
How the corn removal laser procedure is conducted?
The corn removal laser treatment is carried out in the following ways.
The patient is made to sit in a chair. The concerned doctor administers local anaesthesia. The corn is cleaned with an antiseptic solution. It is then removed by laser. The wound is then bandaged. The patient is allowed to go home after some time.
Foot Corn Extraction Surgery
You have tried every remedy to remove painful corn on your foot.
You have applied powder to stop the sweating between your toes.
You have used a pumice stone in an attempt to remove the thick skin.
You have even purchased wider shoes to stop the corn from rubbing against anything.
However, if these treatments don’t work, corns can become too painful to deal with. They can even become serious for some people. For example, a diabetic who develops are corn can develop a wound known as an ulcer and this can lead to very serious complications.
If the corn still hurts enough to stop you from walking properly. Now you are wondering about corn removal surgery.
Once you are anesthetized (either by either IV sedation or local anesthesia), the surgeon will completely remove the corn and the underlying boney prominence. In some cases an inflamed sac of soft tissue known as a bursa is encountered and is excised at the same time.
Recovery time of corn removal surgery
Throbbing, aching, burning, or even numbness in one’s foot are common after a corn surgery. Elevate your foot above the level of your heart for at least 48 hours post the surgery if anything of this sort happens. This will minimize the pain after surgery. The patient may be made to wear a surgical shoe after the treatment. The recovery time depends on the extent of the surety and the corn. Typically it takes 6 weeks to 3 months to fully recover from corn removal surgery in patients. Just take care and listen to what your doctor has to say after the surgery.
How do Corns and Calluses Affect Diabetic People?
People with diabetes must take extra care if they develop corns. This is because their high blood sugar affects capillaries, which are tiny blood vessels and it reduces blood flow to the hands and feet, depriving them of adequate oxygen and nutrients. As a result of which healing slows down.
Diabetic foot complications can lead to gangrene (tissue death) which might require amputation of the affected area. Therefore, diabetic people should take extra care of their feet.
Is It Safe to Use Corn Treatments When You’re Pregnant?
When pregnant one must consult a doctor before going for corn treatment. Corn treatment products release salicylic acid into your body. This can soften the hardened skin that creates corns. While the release of this acid in pregnant women must be checked by a doctor. Most of the product say that using these products can be safe on a person. But it is always good to check with a doctor. There can be the possibility of this medication reacting in a pregnant woman’s body.
Alternatives to Corn Treatments for pregnant women
A pregnant woman who is skeptical about corn treatment using chemicals has other options too to get rid of them
They can use a filer or a pumice stone to remove the layers of dry skin. Podiatrists know how to cut away corns safely and effectively and one can seek their help in getting this done. In addition to this, the podiatrists will also tell how corns can be managed if they repeat. Pregnant women must wear good quality footwear to minimize the effect of corns and prevent them from happening.
Home remedies and Ayurveda treatments can be carried out by pregnant women to get rid of corns. Just do not panic. Go and see your doctor when in doubt.