Science has confirmed that a South Dakota man is the great-grandson of Sitting Bull, the iconic Native American leader. DNA The hair of the famous chief was in line with the hair of Arnie Lapointe, who has long claimed this famous relationship.
Sitting Building, also known as Tatanka Iyotanka, led the Sioux Lakota in what is now South Dakota. He is most famous for being a military leader famous for defeating Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong in the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876. Sitting Bull then fled the country and eventually attended the Buffalo Bill Cody’s Wild West Show. However, in 1890, government-led Indian police reportedly killed Sitting Bull while trying to arrest him. PBS..
New discoveries reveal that Sitting Bull’s closest living relative is Lapointe, also a Lakota Sioux man. According to the statement, ancient DNA was also used for the first time to identify family relationships between living and historic individuals.
“We were able to find a sufficient amount of autosomal DNA in Sitting Bull’s hair sample and compare it to Arnie Lapointe and other Lakota Sue DNA samples,” said Evolution of the University of Cambridge, UK. Eske Willerslev, a geneticist and senior researcher, said. Said in a statement.. “When [we] I was happy to know that it was a match. “
(Autosomal DNA refers to genetic material found in 22 pairs of non-gender. Chromosomes.. )
Previously, LaPointe used birth and death certificates to create a family tree that linked him to the Sitting Bull. Allegations have been consistently challenged because these certificates can be forged.
“Over the years, many have tried to question my relationship with Sitting Bull,” Lapointe said in a statement. But when the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History in Washington, DC returned Sitting Bull’s scalp lock to Lapointe in 2007, it offered a unique opportunity to completely resolve the debate.
Willerslev, who “almost swallowed coffee” when he heard that Sitting Bull’s hair sample was released by the museum, said this was a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to study the DNA of the iconic leader, according to a statement. I knew. ..
“I wrote to Lapointe explaining that he specializes in the analysis of ancient DNA and worships Sitting Bull. The DNA of Arnie and his sisters is returned to them by the hair of Native American leaders. DNA when it was done. “
LaPointe gave researchers permission to analyze small samples of hair, and the rest were burned in spiritual rituals. However, the statement found that it was very difficult to extract the DNA from the sample because the hair was not properly preserved by the museum and was in poor condition.
Willerslev and his team spent 14 years extracting DNA from degraded hair and matching it to LaPointe. Part of the reason this was so difficult was that researchers needed autosomal DNA to confirm LaPointe’s claims.
So far, studies using DNA analysis have relied on gender-specific DNA samples to answer questions about their ancestors. For example, the DNA on the Y chromosome, found only in males, can be used to track ancestors from male lineages (father to son). And DNA from MitochondriaAccording to the statement, the energy-producing organelles found in our cells are inherited only by offspring from women.
LaPointe claimed to be associated with Sitting Bull on the mother’s side, so researchers needed autosomal DNA, a mixture of parents’ DNA, to track his genetic lineage. Unfortunately, this type of DNA is difficult to extract from ancient DNA samples, especially if the sample is in poor condition. So researchers have developed new technologies to solve the problem.
This method compares the limited DNA that can be extracted from the sample with the DNA of another individual, and another individual in the same population (in this case, an individual from LaPointe and another Lakota Sioux). This allows researchers to calculate the frequency of specific alleles (different variations of the same gene) within a population and use a computer model to calculate the probability that two individuals will accidentally have the same allele. I can do it. They are directly related.
According to the statement, the new technology can be used to solve other famous historical mysteries. “In principle, anyone can investigate anyone, from outlaws like Jesse James to the family of the Russian emperor. [the Romanovs]”Usually, if you have access to old DNA extracted from bones, hair, and teeth, you can look it up in the same way,” Willerslev said.
Sitting Bull has two tombs, one near where he died in Fort Yates, North Dakota, and the other in Morbridge, South Dakota. No one knows which is his actual break, as no one knows what happened to his body after he was killed, and both places are popular tourist attractions. It has become. But neither is an important place for Sitting Bull or the Lakotasou tribe.
LaPointe believes that Morbridge’s tomb is Sitting Bull’s most likely resting place, and as he was identified as a direct descendant, he regained his great-grandfather’s body and moved it elsewhere. I hope I can fill it. But scientists first need to compare Morbridge’s body DNA with scalp lock DNA to confirm its identity.
Researchers are pleased to have helped confirm the relationship between Lapointe and Sitting Bull and hope that the body of the chief will eventually be returned to his family for proper burial.
“Sitting Bull has been my hero ever since I was a boy,” Willerslev said in a statement. “I admire his courage and motivation.”
The study was published online in the journal on October 27 Science Advances..
Originally published in Live Science.
Great-grandson of the iconic Native American leader Sitting Bull confirmed by DNA analysis
Source link Great-grandson of the iconic Native American leader Sitting Bull confirmed by DNA analysis