Atlanta, Georgia 2021-09-21 08:55:26 –
Tijuana, Mexico (AP) — Robins Exile ate a traditional psyllium and chicken meal at a Haitian immigrant-owned restaurant just a short walk from the walled border with the United States. He arrived the night before and went there for advice. Should he go to the United States or settle in Mexico?
Messages about WhatsApp and Facebook and YouTube videos from Haitian immigrants warned him to avoid crossing in Del Rio, Texas, where thousands of Haitians have recently gathered. It was only a few weeks ago, so it was no longer an easy place to cross.
A discussion at the Tijuana restaurant on Monday provided a snapshot of the Western Hemisphere Haitian diaspora, which gained momentum in 2016 and showed few signs of mitigation. A town of only 35,000 people.
Of the approximately 1.8 million Haitians living outside their homeland, the United States has the largest Haitian immigrant population in the world, with 705,000 from the poorest countries in the Western Hemisphere. According to the Institute of Immigration Policy, a significant number also live in Latin American countries such as Chile, with an estimated 69,000 Haitians.
Almost all Haitians reach the US border by a worn-out route. Fly to Brazil, Chile, or anywhere else in South America. If you run out of work, take a slow bus and walk between Central America and Mexico, waiting for the right time to enter the United States and apply for asylum in a city on the northern border, such as Tijuana.
It is largely independent of smugglers and instead is often exchanged between close communities via WhatsApp or Facebook for the safest places, the most abundant places to work, and the easiest places to get in. A country that is a moving population based on experience and information.Many appeared earlier this year Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, Travel to El Paso, Texas.
During the summer, Haitians moved to Ciudad Real Madrid, Mexico, opposite Del Rio. Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mallorcas said on Monday that it was unusually sudden.
Many Haitians began trying to enter the United States from the sea in the 1980s. David Fitg Gerald, a professor of sociology and asylum expert at the University of California, San Diego, said most of them were blocked by the Coast Guard and probably underwent a rough screening of asylum qualifications. In 1994, Haitians were intercepted and screened by U.S. authorities on a Ukrainian rental vessel and a U.S. Navy hospital vessel anchored in Kingston, Jamaica. At sea attempts declined after the Supreme Court’s decision to allow deportation without refugee protection.
Tens of thousands of Haitians Escaped after a catastrophic earthquake Settled in South America in 2010. After work was exhausted at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro Many people have come to Tijuana. President Barack Obama initially allowed them in the United States for humanitarian reasons, but suddenly began sending them back to Haiti, and many were stuck on the Mexican border.
Since then, Haitian restaurants and other businesses have sprung up in Tijuana. Haitians found jobs at border factories and car wash buildings built for US exports. One Hard Scrub Bull district is now known as “Little Highty” because so many people settled there.
Many Haitians have established at least temporary legal status in Mexico, Brazil and elsewhere. Some have spouses and children in adoptive countries.
The asylum-seeker joked that he seemed to have been born as a refugee from his name, but said he was interested in getting documents so that he could work in Mexico if his plans to arrive in the United States failed. Stated. He and his pregnant wife were on the road for two and a half months after he lost his job in Brazil. They flew there from Haiti a year and a half ago in a spiral crime.
They planned to stay for three weeks along the southern border of Mexico with Guatemala and go to the Texas border. But by the time his family sent money, he heard that Tijuana was a safer option in its established Haiti community.
“It’s complicated, so I came here hoping to find a job and live in peace while caring for my family,” Exile, painted in the colors of the Haiti flag, said at the restaurant.
He understands the US crackdown in Del Rio, where the Biden administration launched an expulsion campaign to Haiti on Sunday.
“I think people should wait and work in Mexico,” he said. “There are opportunities here, but not as many as in the United States.”
Pierre Wilten and his wife agree. They run a restaurant “Chris Kapab” or “God Willing” in Creole. They arrived in Tijuana five years ago. The two went to Brazil when the economy was booming prior to the 2014 World Cup.
“Things are good here,” said Wilsen, vice president of the Haiti Immigration and Defense Association in Tijuana. School system.
Yuri Ramirez arrived in Tijuana in 2012, five years after losing her job in Brazil. She enrolled in Tijuana University to earn a degree in Nursing.
“Mexico was a good option for me, but for many I’m not denying that they can lead a much better life in the United States,” Ramirez said.
From 2014 to 2018, about 150,000 Haitians went to Chile, many on charter flights to qualify for visas and found jobs as street vendors, janitor and construction workers. They lived primarily in marginalized areas of the capital and were discriminated against.
In April, stricter immigration laws came into force and the Chilean government launched a major deportation.
Today, more Haitians are moving through the Colombian town of Necoclí. There, migrants board a boat to the Panama border and begin dangerous trekking through the jungle. Darien Gap. In July, the town was home to more than 10,000 immigrants, almost all Haitians.
Immigrants waiting there stay in a hotel or local home, where they rent a room for $ 6 to $ 10 overnight. Many groups sleep under tarpaulins on the beach.
Security Minister Juan Pino of Panama said last week that his country still accepts 2,500 to 3,000 migrants (mainly Haitians) arriving through the Darien Gap.
From there, many went to Mexico. In Mexico, some people have applied for asylum in the southern city of Tapachula and live in camps.
Unlike Central Americans, Haitians are generally not deported from Mexico. So far this year, 19,000 people have demanded asylum in Mexico, second only to the Hondurans. Over the last two years, only about 6,000 Haitians have applied each year.
However, while most of the past has decided to move into the United States, some are now weighing risks.
The Biden administration may be the fastest and largest American effort to eliminate immigrants and refugees in decades, and plans to increase it to seven flights a day this week.
After living in Chile for four years, Jr. Jean went to a temporary camp under the Del Rio Bridge via Mexico.
“Chile was bad for me,” said 32-year-old Jean. “I was sleeping on the street and eating from the trash. That’s what we were doing. Nothing.”
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