Heart Disease Seen in Some Younger COVID-19 Patients – Atlanta, Georgia

Atlanta, Georgia 2021-06-07 14:05:17 –

Health professionals continue to see heart disease among some young people infected with COVID-19, young people vaccinated against the virus, and generally student athletes.

Cardiomyopathy is inflammation and weakness of the walls of the heart.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta Vaccine safety data Every week since the start of the US vaccination program, we warn that there are “mild and few” cases of people receiving the COVID-19 vaccine. According to the agency, this condition is more common in men than in women, usually about 4 days after vaccination, after the second injection of the second dose.

Coronavirus-related cardiomyopathy was first observed in young people last year when college athletes resumed play as the pandemic spread in the United States. University sporting event Large schools that bring huge incomes to colleges and colleges and draw thousands into the stadium have returned players to campus in the hope that public events will resume sooner or later.

A study of college athletes conducted since September last year confirmed that athletes infected with the coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) have a high incidence of cardiomyopathy (also called myocarditis). Symptoms include shortness of breath, weakness, fatigue, dizziness, and arrhythmias, according to the Mayo Clinic in Minnesota.

“Myocarditis is the leading cause of sudden death in competitive athletes.” Researcher wrote At JAMA Cardiology in May, he added that the medical name for coronavirus is “SARS-CoV-2 is known to cause myocardial inflammation.”

Another study A study published in March in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology found that “more than one in three previously healthy college athletes who recovered from COVID-19 infection showed elimination of pericardial inflammation.” I found out.

The keyword here is resolution. The researchers concluded that “no athlete showed an indication of ongoing myocarditis, an inflammation of the heart wall.” It’s important to know when athletes should play and rest, and research has yet to determine long-term consequences.

“Further research is needed to understand the clinical implications and long-term evolution of these abnormalities in uncomplicated COVID-19,” they write.

Pediatric cardiologist Jeffrey Rosenthal observed myocarditis in adolescents, especially during a pandemic. He has been a team of cardiologists at the University of Maryland College Park since 2020.

“Myocarditis is one of the most common causes of sudden death in athletes,” says Rosenthal.

“The standard recommendation for people with myocarditis is to avoid strenuous exercise for 3 to 6 months after diagnosis to allow time for the heart to heal and reduce the risk of sudden attacks. It’s one of them, “he said.

To understand the risks, the residual health status of athletes infected with COVID is being evaluated.

The Ohio State University (OSU) is one of the largest universities that returned players to campus during a pandemic and detected changes in the hearts of athletes who tested positive for infection.

It has led efforts to monitor athletes by overseeing the registration of nearly 1,600 COVID-19-positive athletes at the Big 10 Sports Conference, or at 14 university divisions among other divisions across the country. ..

Looking at a smaller sample of 37 athletes diagnosed with myocarditis, 28 showed no symptoms. report Osu.

Rosenthal pointed out that inter-university research and collaboration has advanced the detection of myocarditis in almost asymptomatic adolescents and student athletes using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). He said the University of Maryland had adopted an athlete’s cardiac MRI screening before almost any other university in the country because the pandemic had begun.

“The electrocardiogram is normal, the blood test is normal, and the echo is normal. [cardiogram] Rosenthal explained: “And we had an MRI and found that there was something we didn’t expect. And if we hadn’t done an MRI, we would never. You wouldn’t have noticed.

“There is still a lot of heart work going on in the young student population,” Rosenthal said.

And this advance in detection is useful for other athletes, young and old alike.

“We also hope to help understand the COVID of older athletes, older athletes and non-elite athletes …. Weekend Warriors,” he said.

However, this study will also be useful for non-athletes doing work that requires manual labor.

“Other populations where these results may help inform are the military and other professions and professions where physical activity is part of what people do,” Rosenthal said. “Other people doing physically demanding work, such as paramedics, firefighters, police officers. In addition to insights into the health of student athletes, help others through this work. Can you? “

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