Riverside, California 2021-06-16 08:04:28 –
One theory as to why Texas slaves didn’t know they were free until 1865 was that the messenger sent to deliver the news was killed.
Houston — On June 19, 1865, it was a hot summer day when Galveston slaves learned that the Civil War was over and they were free.
The news arrived more than two years after President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation.
Editor’s Note: The video above is from June 2020.
The June 19th annual celebration, later known as Juneteenth, is now celebrated nationwide.
Here are some interesting facts you may not know about Juneteenth:
- There are several theories as to why Texas slaves last learned they were free:
- One popular story is that a messenger on his way to Lone Star was killed to deliver the news. Juneteenth.com..
- Others believe the news was deliberately delayed because slaves were needed on the farm.
- And the third theory is that the federal forces were waiting for the slave owners to get the final cotton harvest before heading to Texas to enforce the Emancipation Proclamation.
2. It was Major Gordon Granger who was sent to Texas to tell the slaves that they were free. He read General Order No. 3, which began as follows: “The people of Texas are informed that all slaves are free, according to a declaration from the U.S. government. This includes the absolute equality of rights and property rights between the former master and slave. And the connection that previously existed between them will be that between the employer and the hired worker. “
3. Granger advised him to stay in Texas during the summer and stay as a worker hired by a former slave. Texas State Historical Association.
4. But many of them didn’t wait around to see what would happen in Texas. Even if they had nowhere to go, some headed north to start a new freedom they found.
5. In the early days, some communities refused to allow Juneteenth celebrations on public property. Many families were forced to find rural areas for gatherings. The church was another popular option because the local government did not control the church.
6. Some white landowners refused to allow employees to attend annual events.But the majority even say they gave them holidays and some even donated food and money Juneteenth.com.
7. As African Americans themselves became landowners, they had more freedom to celebrate as they wished. One of the most well-known examples was Rev. Jack Yates, a pastor of the Antioch Church in Houston. In 1872, Rev. Yates helped raise $ 1,000 to cultivate 10 acres of land for an upcoming June event. They named it Liberation Park.
8. Racism Law allowed Liberation Park to be the only city park in Houston that allowed African Americans until Finnigan Park opened in 1939.
9. Over the years, the descendants of the slaves often traveled to Galveston to celebrate the historic holidays in their birthplace.
10. In the early 1900s, the celebration of June 16 became less common, as black children were sent to school instead of being taught at home. Most history books did not mention the events of June 19, 1865.
11. The Great Depression also forced most black Americans to leave the countryside to find a job in the city. Their new employer was unlikely to give them a holiday.
12. The civil rights era of the 1960s sparked a new interest in the history of Texas African-Americans, including Juneteenth. Young black protesters believed they were following in the footsteps of their ancestors by fighting for their rights.
13. In the late 1960s, Juneteenth, rarely celebrated outside Texas, influenced annual rallies in other parts of the country.
14. On January 1, 1980, a bill was passed by Texas Congressman Al Edwards, making Juneteenth an official holiday. Texas was the first state to officially recognize the celebration of liberation.
15. Juneteenth has a special meaning as cities across the country celebrate the history and culture of African Americans at the 2020 event.
Source: Juneteenth.com; Texas State Historical Association; Houston
Here’s why we celebrate Juneteenth; find a celebration near you Source link Here’s why we celebrate Juneteenth; find a celebration near you