Tucson, Arizona 2021-10-19 09:45:00 –
Washington — A six-week abortion ban in Texas enacted in September forced people seeking abortion services in Lone Star to look for care across state boundaries.
But for Texas people living near the eastern border of the state, the timing wouldn’t have been worse.
The law came into force as neighboring Louisiana recovered from the destruction of Hurricane Ida and two of the state’s three abortion clinics were closed for several days. The growing number of patients seeking help had to wait until the clinic was able to regain power or travel hundreds of miles to other health care providers.
But that was just a preview of the obstacles that would appear if the Supreme Court upheld Mississippi law banning most abortions after 15 weeks. For example, supporters say Louisiana’s own law would move to the same 15-week ban.
An abortion case to be heard by the Supreme Court of the State on December 1. Dobbs vs. Jackson Women’s Health OrganizationIf a judge upholds restrictive Mississippi law, it could spur a series of legislative amendments across 20 states and dismantle the groundbreaking 1973 ruling granting the right to abortion. there is.
According to the Reproductive Rights Center, which disagrees with the law, access will be most severely restricted in long bands in neighboring states that span the South and Midwest.
For those who have the means to travel elsewhere, this process is much longer. And less restrictive states will be attacked by patients looking for a declining number of healthcare providers.
Organization Identified 24 states Being “hostile” to the right to abortion, these states can ban abortion immediately or very quickly. They have laws that have been put on hold but may come into force automatically or come into force again. Alternatively, lawmakers there may try a new ban.
Among them are Arizona, Georgia, Idaho, Louisiana, Michigan, Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee and Wisconsin.
Twelve states, including Louisiana, Tennessee, Missouri, and Idaho, have “trigger laws” that ban abortion if the Roe v. Wade case is overturned. According to the Guttmacher InstituteAn organization focused on reproductive health and rights.
Michigan, Wisconsin, Arizona, and 5 others The book still has an abortion ban before the Roe v. Wade incidentIf the precedent is overturned, this will be enforceable again.The list shrank by one earlier this year in New Mexico Removed pre-Roe ban..
On the other side of the spectrum are 15 states with laws protecting the right to abortion. This includes Maine, Maryland, Nevada, and Oregon. According to Gat Macher..
In Kansas, a 2019 State Supreme Court ruling found that the physical autonomy built into the State Constitution guarantees access to abortion. But state voters will be next year Constitutional amendment will be included in ballot to overturn that ruling..
A narrower ruling will also mean a new ban
The Mississippi proceedings will be tried by the Supreme Court with a new conservative majority following the addition of Judge Amy Coney Barrett, but it is not clear if that will lead to a complete reversal of Roe.
However, narrower rulings in favor of Mississippi law will also spur restrictions. A 2019 Georgia law prohibiting most abortions when fetal cardiac activity is detected (about 6 weeks after pregnancy, before knowing that many women are pregnant). Pending, Until the results of the Mississippi case are available.
Louisiana also has a pending law that is an almost exact copy of the Mississippi 15-week ban, which is clearly linked to the outcome of the Mississippi lawsuit and advocates access to abortion. Michelle Elenberg, Managing Director of Louisiana, said.
If the Supreme Court upholds a ban on its neighborhood, the pending 15-week law in Louisiana will also come into effect.
“We are accustomed to going back and forth between these types of ping pongs and are waiting for judicial review and judicial decision as these laws pass through state legislatures and courts,” Elenberg said. I am. “But it’s really hard to feel fully prepared for this inevitability.”
A recent Supreme Court ruling suggests that it may uphold Mississippi law blocked by lower federal courts.
This is the first time a court has decided on the constitutionality of a viable abortion ban since Roe. The decision prohibits the state from banning abortion before the foetation can survive outside the womb, or for about 24 weeks.
A court judge announced in May that he would take up the Mississippi River proceedings. Since its announcement, they have also voted for a 5-4 decision against blocking the enforcement of stricter Texas law.
Texas law prohibits abortion after cardiac activity is detected, or usually about 6 weeks after the patient’s latest menstrual cycle. Private sectors can also file proceedings against abortion providers and those who support abortion.
The law was temporarily suspended by the Federal District Court, but then reinstated by the Court of Appeals.
Since the Aida-related closure, Louisiana abortion providers have seen a significant increase in the number of Texas people seeking abortion services.
In the face of legal turmoil and uncertainty, Elenberg said calls from potential patients were “more and more panicked.”
Record year of state restrictions
During the year when the state legislature approved a record number of abortion restrictions, a battle in the United States Supreme Court is fought. Tracking data edited by Guttmacher.. As of October, 19 states have enacted 106 restrictions, including 12 abortion bans.
Four states, including Idaho, have adopted a ban on abortion at 6 weeks gestation.Florida lawmakers already Submitted a bill for a session starting in January under Texas lawIt duplicates its six-week ban and the ability of citizens to sue those who provide or enable abortion.
Quita Tinsley Peterson, co-director of Access Reproductive Care-Southeast, an endowment fund operating in Georgia, Florida, Alabama, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Mississippi, said:
Tinsley Peterson said most of the inhabitants of these states already live in “post-low reality” and explained the myriad restrictions enacted on access to southern abortion. (Florida is the only state in the ARC-Southeast region that has passed abortion protection.)
When Texas law came into force, ARC-Southeast worked with another abortion fund to help people who may be seeking services throughout the Group’s region.
But “people weren’t really calling us,” said Tinsley Peterson. Texas seeking help in other states faced many other challenges in states where abortion was technically available.
“It’s not a decision that everyone should be forced into. Are they going to drive or fly hundreds of miles for easy and safe medical procedures?” Tinsley Peterson said.
Longer wait times in less restrictive states
One of the few states that has acted to uphold the right to abortion is New Mexico, which cannot be enforced if the Supreme Court overturns the Roe case as the state legislature lifted the state’s pre-Roe abortion ban earlier this year. ..
The effort was driven by “an understanding that federal protection is not everything,” said Charlene Bencomo, executive director of Bold Futures New Mexico, one of the groups that worked to lift the dormancy ban.
However, while the states have a more favorable legal situation, “actual access is quite lacking,” Bencomo said, across large rural states with only a handful of providers.
That’s even more apparent since Texas law came into force and New Mexico’s providers were born. Flooded with phones, The same outlook predicted for other abortion rights if the Mississippi Act is enacted.
New Mexico care providers have described “overwhelming fear and panic,” including among New Mexico residents who are uncertain whether Texas law means a state change, she said. Added.
One of the consequences is longer patient waiting times and longer working days for health care providers. She said some people might need to travel to neighboring Colorado to get an abortion.
Wait for legal clarity about what will happen next for states and residents seeking abortion services.
The Mississippi proceedings will be heard in the Supreme Court within a few weeks, but the decision is unlikely to be made until next year and the June court session may end.
Until then, abortion providers and activists who support the right to abortion will watch the court consider whether state law prohibiting abortion is constitutional much earlier than Roe standards. ..
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