On January 13, 2021, President Trump became the first president to face impeachment twice.
Impeachment is the leveling of charges against civil servants elected by legislative bodies. This is a fairly rare event in US politics, especially at the presidential level. However, if impeachment proceedings occur, they are guided by the rules set out in the US Constitution. And from time to time, they lead elected officials to lose their jobs.
Still, impeachment does not mean “dismissal” in itself, but an indictment against elected civil servants.
Article 2, Paragraph 4 of the Constitution states that “The President, Vice President and all civil servants of the United States will be dismissed from the office for impeachment and conviction of treason, bribery and other high crimes and misconduct.” There is. The US House of Representatives is responsible for impeachment, but the job of the US Senate is to try all impeachment. Supreme Court Chair.
According to the US House of Representatives archives, impeachment proceedings have been held more than 60 times in US history, but the Senate has dismissed only eight impeached officials. (All eight were judges in the United States.) Two presidents, Andrew Johnson and William Jefferson Clinton, were impeached by the House of Representatives, but neither was dismissed by the Senate.
On September 24, 2019, Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi announced the start of a formal impeachment investigation into President Donald Trump, the first step in the impeachment process. And on January 13, 2021, the House of Representatives voted again to impeach Trump, making President Trump the first twice-impeached president in history.
The meaning of impeachment and the mechanism of the process are as follows.
Who can start the impeachment process?
The House of Representatives has the sole authority to impeach under Article 1, Paragraph 2 of the US Constitution. This means that Congressmen can introduce impeachment articles in the same way as regular bills, or legislative bodies can vote to initiate impeachment investigations or official investigations of elected individuals. From this investigation (usually conducted by the relevant subcommittees of the House of Representatives), articles of accusation or impeachment for the House of Representatives to vote will emerge.
What is the legal reason for impeachment?
Article 2, Paragraph 4 of the Constitution states the reason for the impeachment as follows. “The President, Vice President, and all US civil servants shall be dismissed from the office for treason, bribery, or impeachment and conviction of other senior officials. Crimes and impeachment.”
According to the House of Representatives, the term “high crime and contempt” comes from George Mason, the founding father of Virginia, and is taken from the British legal term for crimes committed by civil servants against the government. According to Cornell Law School, this rather vague term has led to ongoing debate about what illegal activity is considered blameable. Legal Information InstituteThe term is Jeffrey A. Engel, presidential historian of Southern Methodist University, who does not necessarily require elected civil servants to break certain laws, but rather breaks public trust. Co-authorImpeachment: American History“(Modern Library, 2018), Politifact May 2019.This interpretation is by Alexander Hamilton Federalist Paper 65, This called blameable crimes “resulting from the illegal acts of civil servants, in other words, some abuse or breach of public trust.”
How the impeachment works
The house can roll the impeachment ball in one of two ways. First, members of the legislative body can introduce impeachment in the same way as regular bills. This process was tentatively underway in the House of Representatives before a formal investigation into Trump was announced in September. In August, Congressman Jerry Nadler (D-NY) investigated allegations that Trump interfered with the judiciary during Robert Mueller’s investigation into Trump’s relationship with Russia in the 2016 presidential election. I told CNN that I was doing it. In that interview, Nadler said he and his committee would decide whether to introduce the impeachment article on the floor of the House of Representatives by the end of 2019. Reported by Politico..
However, a September whistleblower reported that Trump called the Ukrainian president on a July phone call to Hunter Biden, the son of Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden, who once sat on the board of the Ukrainian gas company. Asked to look for harmful information about. , According to the Associated Press.. The allegations that the president sought help from foreign forces to win the federal elections urged Pelosi to declare a formal impeachment investigation.
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Inside her Official impeachment announcementPelosi has instructed six House subcommittees already investigating allegations against Trump to send the results to the House Judiciary Committee. The House Judiciary Committee decides whether and how to place impeachment articles against the President. These impeachment articles act as formal accusations, much like prosecutions in criminal trials.
Impeachment can also start with a bill to approve the inquiry. The House of Representatives passed such a bill in a previous impeachment of the president.
If the House of Representatives finally votes to impeach, those charges will be handed over to the Senate for impeachment trials. Judge John Roberts presides over the case. The president will only be dismissed if two-thirds of the Senate is convicted.
Who was impeached?
According to the US House of Representatives archive, 15 federal judges were impeached with one cabinet secretary, one US senator, and two presidents. In addition, US President Richard Nixon resigned in 1974 prior to a vote in the House of Representatives that would have impeached him for his role in Watergate, an invasion at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee.
The first impeachment trial to date was in 1798 by Senator William Blount of Tennessee. History of the US SenateBlount sought to solve some financial difficulties by planning an army of Native American and white settlers to attack Florida and Louisiana, then the Spanish colonies, and hand them over to Britain. The Senate expelled Blount for this corruption in 1797 (which can be done with two-thirds of the body’s vote without impeachment) and officially impeached the following year.
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William Belknap, Secretary of the Army under President Ulysses Grant, was impeached by the House of Representatives in 1876 for a kickback scandal at Fort Sill during the Western Pioneer era. Belknap resigned before being tried in the Senate, but the Senate did. The Senate convicted Belknap with a 35-25 vote and failed to reach the definitive two-thirds majority required for conviction.
Not surprisingly, the impeachment case that received the most attention was the president. In 1868, Andrew Johnson became the first US president to be impeached by the House of Representatives. Democrat Johnson actively attempts by a radical Republican member of the House of Representatives (a Republican faction that promoted eradication of slavery) to empower freedmen and sue former Confederate leaders. I was blocking it. History of the US Senate.. The House of Representatives gave the president 11 impeachment (or a series of accusations) when Johnson dismissed the Secretary of the Army over opposition from Congress approving the cabinet’s position. The Senate fell one vote below the two-thirds of the conviction requirement, allowing Johnson to serve his term.
The second impeachment of the president also ended with a failure to convict the Senate. In 1998, 130 years after Johnson’s impeachment, the House of Representatives submitted an impeachment article to Democratic President Bill Clinton, who lied to a grand jury and had a relationship with White House intern Monica Lewinsky. He accused him of interfering with justice in the investigation surrounding him. The Senate was unable to convict Clinton for either perjury or obstruction of justice, and he ended his term.
How does impeachment work? | Live Science
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