Riverside, California 2021-09-18 07:30:07 –
Austin — Politicians like to argue that representative governments are all about the people. But sometimes it’s really all of them.
The best example is high gear on Monday when the legislature returns to the Capitol to focus on the re-election district. A map that defines the boundaries of both Texas Capitols fights with a knife once every ten years (and in some cases multiple times). Parliamentary delegations and state boards of education will be redrawn to reflect population changes revealed in the latest census figures.
Anyway, the last part is theory. The map will be reviewed to maximize the protection of partisan dominance, and to a lesser extent, to maximize the protection of most incumbents from the harsh behavior of the next primary and general elections. It’s more likely.
Think of future exercises as a combination of a musical chairs game and dodgeball, rather than a geography lesson in Texas. For some players, the person controlling the ball puts beans on the coconut, or there is no place to run when the music stops about 30 days after the music starts.
Republicans have full control of the state government, so apart from the obvious fact that they do their best to control the process and maintain its dominance, which politicians thrive and which politicians suffer. Set aside your predictions about what to do. A little deeper in the process.
Instead, we’ll look at some of the terms inspired by subdivision and why when it comes to political cartography, little happens that would happen in an ideal situation.
Let’s start with “Gerrymandering”. It is clear that this was drawn with the intention of reaching out to one party or one politician in the next election, as the boundaries of the district are so complex. The name comes from the early 19th century Governor of Massachusetts, Elbridge Gerry, who signed a subdivision bill with at least one district border resembling a salamander.
Going back centuries, ubiquitous amphibious creatures will be terrified by the terrifying Rorschach test of Texas’ political map.take Texas House District For example 93. He may choose his district, as Attorney General Matt Krause, who is the Attorney General in the Republican primary, is vacant.
The HD 93 actually looks like two districts. One incorporates Anglo-controlled suburbs north of downtown Fort Worth, and the other incorporates a rapidly diversifying community east of Fort Worth along the northern edge of Arlington. The two are sewn together with a mile long highway thread.
It leads us to an “interested community”. This principle is often abandoned in real life. But it generally requires that working-class neighborhoods, farms and ranches, or areas dominated by vast suburbs maintain almost the entire area so that they can protect their interests in the Hall of Power. Means that there is.
The concept of an evenly divided district between a rancher in a big city and a resident of a high-rise condominium means that the legislator will vote against half the people in at least half the time.
Next is “protection of the incumbent”. Or the opposite of the same. Conservation is where the new district of officers looks almost the same as the old district. Everyone knows an incumbent member of parliament or state legislator, and his life and political career continues.
However, incumbents can also be targeted. This means that the new district may contain incumbent homes, but few other well-known areas. It leaves him or her vulnerable to challenges from someone with deeper roots and a closer relationship in the repainted district. This example almost always occurs in all repartitioning movements. Ask Austin veteran Democratic US Congressman Lloyd Doggett. The problem is that he was able to consistently defeat his re-compartmental enemies. Republicans will try to see if he can do it again.
Finally, “one man, one vote”. Due to federal law and a few successful court complaints, lawmakers almost always adhere to this principle. Even if gerrymandering is applied.
However, some legislative districts were much more populous than others, and there were times when they were drawn to make it almost impossible to elect voters. At least for those who weren’t interested in seeing the high-ranking colored races, it worked fine.
If you need proof, go to Google’s 1963 Texas Legislature and click on Image. There, the official Houseport seriously believes that the serious white face of a serious white man (at least mostly men) can effectively advance the interests of his black and brown fellow Texans. There is a rate collection.
John C. Moritz is responsible for Texas Government and Politics at the USA Today Network in Austin. Contact him at firstname.lastname@example.org and follow him on Twitter @JohnnieMo..
How Texas draws political maps Source link How Texas draws political maps