For 60 years, medical students have practiced CPR with dummy dolls (called Resusci Annie). Press on your chest and breathe air into your plastic mouth. The dummy face is, after all, unstructured. It is based on the face of a teenage girl found dead on the Seine in Paris in the late 19th century. The girl’s body has not been identified, but her face is captured in a pattern, or “death mask.”
New treatise for the Christmas issue of BMJ A special edition of a medical journal that can include easy-going and ready-to-use studies shows how an unnamed corpse became a CPR mannequin and earned the title of “The Most Kissed Girl in the World.” I am.
“Every year, we need to provide mandatory CPR training to use these mannequins,” said Dr. Stephanie Roke, co-author of this feature and a dental trainee at the University of Liverpool Dental Hospital in Liverpool, UK. I emailed LiveScience. “I just wondered who the face was,” said her and her co-author, Dr. Sara McCarnon, also from the University School of Dentistry. She added.
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The story of Resusci Annie began over a century ago, and the authors write that the corpse of a girl about 16 years old was pulled from the Seine. Some speculated that she had intentionally drowned because there were no signs of violence on her body. The bodies were released to the morgue in the hope that someone could identify the deceased (a common practice at the time), but no one identified a teenager. She became known as “L’Inconnu edela Seine” (an unknown woman on the Seine).
Anonymous, she was never forgotten. The pathologist who performed her autopsy was so fascinated by her gentle expression that she had the model maker make plaster.death maskOf her face. ” The mask was duplicated and sold. In fact, according to the paper author, the model maker of Lorenzi, who made the original death mask, still sells a copy under the title “Neue” today. [Drowned Woman] De La Seine. “
When medical students were just beginning to learn and practice CPR in the late 1950s, Archer Gordon, a member of the American Heart Association’s CPR committee, said that CPR dummies helped medical students from unnecessary pain and potential rib injury. I realized that I could save. He and his Norwegian colleagues sought the help of Norwegian toy maker Åsmund Laerdal to practice cardiopulmonary resuscitation with each other.
Laerdal was found to have seen a copy of the “Ransom of the Seine” on the wall of his relatives’ house and decided to make the same face on the CPR mannequin. Therefore, when Laerdal manufactured the first CPR mannequin in 1960, “L’Inconnue dela Seine” became “Resusci Annie”, CPR dummy, or Resusci Anne because Laerdal referred to the doll on its website. .. Prior to making the CPR mannequin, Laerdal was making a doll named Anne. “Probably this is a deadlocked name,” Roke said.
The soft plastic doll has a foldable chest, allowing students to practice chest compressions and open lips to practice mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
By making CPR mannequins, Laerdal’s policy changed from toys to medical devices. website, Resusci Anne is still available for purchase. The company estimates that 300 million people worldwide are trained in CPR, most of them with the help of Resusci Anne. One of those people seems to have been Michael Jackson, including a refrain, “Is Annie okay?” In the song “smooth Criminal” After he was inspired by his own CPR training, according to a BMJ treatise. (This line is also used in CPR training when trainees check the patient’s response.)
But what about the ethics of duplicating the deceased’s face and selling it without consent?so editorial Julian Sheather, a writer and ethicist in the same issue of the BMJ, said that in the 19th century, when “L’Inconnue de la Seine” died, it was common to display bodies and turn death masks. These practices “become ethically awkward,” he said. “today.
“Few would want the image of a dead loved one that was widely disseminated without consent,” Sheather wrote. In the editorial, Sheather seeks a midpoint between judging the past on the basis of the present and stopping the judgment of history altogether. “I probably won’t try to get rid of the mannequins in circulation, but if you make them now, you might want to pay homage and anonymize her face,” he wrote.
Originally published in Live Science.
How the 1800s girl “Death Mask” became the face of a CPR doll
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